The Boeing 757 is a twin-engine airplane having a new technology jet and it is produced by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The passenger versions of the Boeing 757 can carry between 186 and 279 passengers. Also it can have a maximum range of 3,100 to 3,900 nautical miles (5,900 to 7,200 km), depending on model and seating arrangement.
In 1983 went into service the original Boeing 757-200 and in 1999 the stretched 757-300 aircraft.
Also, there have been produced some new freighter versions of these airplanes like: the Boeing 757-200PF and the Boeing757-200SF.
The 757-200 it’s a replacement for Boeing 727 aircraft.
This airplane is the ultimate version and forms the majority of 757s sold. Initially it was meant to be a little shorter in length.
Now, this airplane can carry 228 passengers in a single class configuration and with a seat pitch of 29 inches it can transport a maximum of 234 passengers.
The Boeing 757-200 distribute its fuselage cross section with the smaller 727 and 737.
It’s turbofan engines are produced outside the United States and they are: Rolls-Royce RB211, Pratt & Whitney PW2037, PW2040, or PW2043, rated at 36,600 lbf (163 kN) to 43,500 lbf (193 kN) thrust each.
In the short term, the 757-200 has been succeeded by the 737-900ER, touted by Boeing as filling in the range and capacity gap previously filled by the former airplane. In the long term, the 757 is to be succeeded by the Y1. Variants of the Boeing 787 may also take on the 757’s routes.
|Model||First Order||Rollout||First Flight||Certification||First Delivery||In Service||First Airline in service|
|757-200||08/31/78 (go ahead 04/79)||01/13/82||02/19/82||12/21/82||12/22/82||01/01/83||Eastern|
Boeing 757-200 Exterior
The 757-200 was presented in two distinct door configurations.
One version used three standard doors per side with a supplementary, smaller door aft of the wing on each side for urgent situations.
All eight door locations are outfitted with inflatable evacuation slides.
The other version is presented with three standard doors per side (two towards the front and one at the aft of the cabin) with two "plug-type" over-wing exits per side, substituting the smaller door aft of the wing. The retractable tricycle landing gear comprise: twin-wheel nose unit and two four-wheel main units produced by Menasco. The main units are provided with Goodrich or Dunlop wheels with carbon brakes.
The aircraft’s hydraulics system use as basis a suite of four Abex electrical pumps and Honeywell-Vickers engine driven pumps.
Boeing 757-200 Interior
The 757 interior presents up to a six abreast layout (3+3) with a single center aisle.
The 757 could be ordered with either four exit doors on each side, or three exit doors plus four overwing window exit doors.
The passenger version of Boeing 757-200 is available in two configurations:
In the passenger configuration, this aircraft can carry 186 passengers in a six-abreast, mixed class configuration over a 2,900-nautical-mile range with full load.
High gross options can increase the range to about 3,900 nautical miles.
High-density seating arrangements can accommodate as many as 239 passengers in an all-economy configuration.
The 757-200 can be equipped for Extended Range Operations (EROPS) to permit extended overwater operations.
Changes include a backup hydraulic motor-generator set and an auxiliary fan for equipment cooling.
Boeing 757-200 Avionics
The 757-200 uses six Rockwell Collins cathode-ray tube (CRT) screens to show electronic flight instrumentation. The displays are there for engine indication, electronic flight instrumentation system (EFIS) and crew alerting system (EICAS) information.
These displays take over the former role of the flight engineer.
Boeing 757-200 Engine
The two Rolls Royce or Pratt and Whitney high-bypass-ratio turbofan engines are mounted in underwing pods. The Boeing 757-200 is powered by either: Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4 (thrust 40,200lb, 179kN), RB211-535E4B (thrust 43,500lb, 193.5kN), Pratt & Whitney PW2037 (thrust 36,600lb, 162.8kN) or PW2040 (thrust 40,100lb, 178.4kN).
The engines are fitted with a General Electric thrust management system. The auxiliary power unit is the Honeywell GTCP331-200.
General Electric offered an engine option early in the program, the CF6-32, but eventually abandoned the engine due to insufficient demand.
The RB211-535E4 soon replaced the 535C as the default Rolls Royce engine on the 757.
The engines are designed for low fuel burn and short-to-medium range operations.
This aircraft uses new aerodynamics, materials, structures, and systems to fill market necessity that cannot be competently provided by existing equipment or derivatives.
These are high-bypass-ratio engines which are efficient, reliable, and easy to maintain.
The following table shows the available engine options:
|ENGINE MFR||MODEL||THRUST||AIRPLANE MODEL|
|PRATT &||PW2037||37,200 LB||757-200, -200PF|
|WHITNEY||PW 2040||41,700 LB||757-200,-200PF, -300|
|PW 2043||43,850 LB||757-300|
Total production was 914 Boeing 757-200, 80 -200PF, and 1 -200M aircraft.
A total of 919 Boeing 757-200 aircraft (all -200 variants) were in airline service with operators Delta Air Lines (132)), American Airlines (124), United Airlines (97), UPS Airlines (75), Northwest Airlines (55),US Airways (38), Continental Airlines (41), FedEx Express (24), Thomson Airways (24), DHL Air (22), and other airline with fewer aircraft in July 2009.
Pricing and Cost
|Flight deck crew||Two (pilot and co-pilot)|
|Typical seating||200 (2-class);234 (1-class)|
|Length||47.32 m (155 ft 3 in)|
|Wingspan||38.05 m (124 ft 10 in)|
|Tail height||13.56 m (44 ft 6 in)|
|Wing area||181.25 m² (1,951 sq ft)|
|Wing aspect ratio||7.8|
|Cabin width||3.54 m (11 ft 7 in)|
|Cabin length||36.09 m (118 ft 5 in)|
|Max. take-off weight (MTOW)||115,680 kg (255,000 lb)|
|Take-off run at MTOW||9,550 ft (2,911 m)|
|Cruise speed||Mach 0.80 (530 mph, 458 knots, 850 km/h at cruise altitude, i.e. 35,000 ft or 10.66 km)|
|Range, loaded||7,222 km (3,900 NM)-200WL: 7,600 km (4,100 NM)|
|Max. fuel||43,490 L (11,489 US gal)|
|Service ceiling||12,800 m (42,000 ft)|
|Engines (2×)||Rolls-Royce RB211, Pratt & Whitney PW2037, PW2040, or PW2043 turbofan engines rated at 36,600 lbf (163 kN) to 43,500 lbf (193 kN) thrust each|