Calibra - Proof that old school still rocks

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The Opel Calibra (badged as a Vauxhall in the UK and a Holden in Australia and New Zealand) was launched in 1989, a front-wheel drive coupé based around the running gear of the Opel Vectra A, (Cavalier under the Vauxhall name) which had been launched the year before.

History

The Calibra, styled by the American head of GM design Europe, Wayne Cherry (retired), is considered by some the most stylish Vauxhall/Opel ever, but being based on the Vectra chassis its ride and handling were not significantly better than that of the family car from which it grew. It was, however, the most aerodynamically efficient Opel everwith a drag coefficient (Cd) of 0.26. It remained the most aerodynamic mass production car for the next 10 years, until the Honda Insight was launched in 1999 with a Cd of 0.25.

Power was initially from 2.0 L 8-valve (115 bhp) and 16-valve fuel-injected (156 bhp) four-cylinder engines. In 1992 a turbocharged 2.0 L engine (204 bhp) (a turbocharged version of the X20XE) was added to the range. With four-wheel drive, a six-speed Getrag manual transmission and a claimed top speed of 240 km/h (150 mph), this flagship model finally gave the Calibra the dynamics to match its looks.

In 1994 a 167 hp 2.5 L V6 was introduced, thus creating what many considered to be the finest Calibra to date. Available with both manual and automatic transmissions, the V6 wasn’t as fast as the Turbo, but was rather more civilised, and proved to be more reliable than the complex four-wheel drive model with its notorious transfer box issues. 1995 saw the introduction of the the X20XEV Ecotec engine, a cheaper, less reliable derivative of the classic X20XE 16-valve or "red top" engine. This marked a reduction in power from 156 bhp to 136 bhp for the 16-valve version, although the Turbo continued with the C20LET.

During its lifetime, the Calibra was much more popular than its nearest rival, the Ford Probe, which was considered to be underpowered and too American for most European drivers.

In 1995, the Vectra A was replaced, but the Calibra continued until the end of 1997, when it was finally axed from the Vauxhall/Opel range. Although a smaller coupe (the Tigra) was available, the marque was left without a mid-sized coupé until the Astra Coupé was launched in 2000.

As of 2006, the world’s fastest accelerating street-legal car has been determined to be a 1993 Vauxhall Vauxhall Calibra, owned by Steve Pateman, boasting a 1.25 second 0 to 60 mile per hour time, and an 8.14 second quarter-mile time. However, the car has been heavily modified, including a big-block Chevrolet V8 and a steel tube chassis.

 

Calibra - Proof that old school still rocks

Calibra - Proof that old school still rocks

Engines

1. Calibra 2.0 8V (115 KM) C20NE – production: 11.1988 - 07.1997
Max power: 115 hp at 5200 r.p.m.
Max porque: 170 Nm at 2600 r.p.m.
Engine type: OHC 8 valve.
Transmission: 5-gear manual
Injection: Bosch Motronic M 1.5
Max speed: 205 km/h
Max acceleration: 0-100 km/h - 10 sec

2. Calibra 2.0 16V ECO Tec (136 KM) X20XEV – production from 03.1994.
Max power: 136 hp at 5600 r.p.m.
Max torque: 188 Nm at 3200 r.p.m.
Engine type: DOHC 16 valve
Transmission: 5-gear manual
Injection: Siemens Simtec 56.5
Max speed: 215 km/h
Max acceleration: 0-100 km/h - 8,9 sec

3. Calibra 2.0 16V (150 KM) C20XE – production: 09.1989 - 08.1993
Max power: 150 hp at 6000 r.p.m.
Max torque: 196 Nm at 4800 r.p.m.
Engine type: DOHC 16 valve
Transmission: 5-gear manual
Injection: Bosch Motronic M 2.5/2.8
Max speed: 223 km/h
Max acceleration: 0-100 km/h - 8,5 sec
 

4. Calibra 2.5 V6 / V6 ECO Tec (170 KM) C25XE / X25XEV - production from 03.1994
Max power: 170 hp at 6000 r.p.m.
Max torque: 227 Nm at 4200 r.p.m.
Engine type: V-shaped, 24 valve
Transmission: 5-gear manual
Injection: Bosch Motronic M 2.8
Max speed: 234 km/h
Max acceleration: 0-100 km/h - 7,2 sec

5. Calibra 2.0 16V 4x4 turbo (204 KM) C20LET - production: 04.1992 - 07.1997
Max power: 204 hp at 5600 r.p.m.
Max torque: 280 Nm at 2400 r.p.m.
Engine type: DOHC 16 valve
Transmission: 6-gear manual
Injection: Bosch Motronic M 2.5/2.7
Max speed: 245 km/h
Max acceleration: 0-100 km/h - 6,8 sec

Special Models

Besides standard engine types Calibras were also produced in special edition versions.

1. Calibra 2.5 V6 DTM 93-95 (420 hp) - Keke Rosberg, Manuel Reuter, Louis Krager :
Engine type: V-shaped (54 degree)
Max power: 420 KM
Range: to 10.740 r.p.m.
Transmission: sequential without synchronization, prepared together with Williams
Injection: Bosch Motronic MS 1.9.
4-wheel drive

2. Calibra 3,2 V6 DTM 95-96 (570 hp) - Manuel Reuter :
Engine type: V-shaped (75 degree)
Max power: 570 KM
Range: to 12,750 r.p.m.
Transmission: sequential without synchronization, prepared together with Williams
Injection: Bosch Motronic MS 1.9
4-wheel drive

Calibra - Proof that old school still rocks

Specifications

  • Calibra has a spacious trunk compared to a “normal” car, and compared to most typical sport cars the Calibra’s trunk is significantly large. The spare tire is hidden in the compartment in the bottom of the trunk

  • Back seat – it is possible to travel quite comfortably – only tall persons have to sit a little crouched so not to hit the back window during road unevenness. This concerns people taller than 180 cm. Quite rare for a coupe sports car.

  • Calibra’s week point was always the headlights. They are way to week.

  • Calibra has big Performance and Tuning potential

    Calibra - Proof that old school still rocks

2 comments:

Because that would ruin the legend! Leave it awesome. Leave it oldskool.

great car i love it. why there’s no new model?

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