It’s been six years since Jaguar and Land Rover left the Ford ownership umbrella, but the British automakers are still using Ford-derived engines they inherited back in the late 1990s. That’s about to change though, as the Brits are set to introduce a new family of efficient powerplants. Dubbed Ingenium, these new engines promise to deliver a compelling combination of power, efficiency, and low CO2 emissions in many shapes and sizes.
Built in-house at the company’s new engine facility in Wolverhampton, England, the first version of the modular unit family is set to debut in the upcoming Jaguar XE and find its way into the Land Rover Discovery a few months after that. The Ingenium family will include both gasoline and diesel variants with turbochargers attached to them. As with all modular engines, JLR’s new powerplants will share many internals and calibration strategies, enabling the company to raise quality and simplify manufacturing.
Looks like Jaguar Land Rover is finally growing up!
Click past the jump to read more about Jaguar’s new Ingenium Engine Family.
Jaguar Ingenium Engine Family
Jaguar Land Rover’s new engine family is based around a modular 500-cc-per-cylinder game plan. Specifically, all blocks will share the same bore, stroke, cylinder spacing and 500-cc cylinder capacity, a strategy similar to those used by BMW and Mercedes-Benz . Although most details are still under wraps, JLR promises these engines will emit less than 100 g of CO2 per km in the 2016 Jaguar XE and weigh less than their Ford-based predecessors.
Output figures are still a mystery, but expect the diesel XE to rival the BMW 328d's 180 horsepower and 280 pound-feet of torque in its base configuration.
The first unit to roll out under the Ingenium banner will be a 2.0-liter turbo-diesel, Jaguar revealed, which will find its way into the upcoming 2016 XE sedan. The oil burner will be around 176 pounds lighter than the company’s current four-banger and will reduce friction by 17 percent compared to the 2.2-liter diesel currently available. Naturally, it will hit engine bays with two different power outputs. A single-turbocharged version will sit at the bottom of the XE lineup, while a twin-turbo variant will deliver more horsepower to those in need of a sportier diesel. Output figures are still a mystery, but expect the diesel XE to rival the BMW 328d ’s 180 horsepower and 280 pound-feet of torque in its base configuration.
Although JLR has yet to elaborate as to what engines will join the 2.0-liter turbo-diesel in the Ingenium lineup, we figure the family will extend downward and upward with a 1.5-liter, three-cylinder and a 3.0-liter, inline-six or V-6 mill. The former could represent the basis of a future hybrid powertrain spread across the Jaguar and Land Rover lineup.
Why It Matters
The move comes just in time as Jaguar plans to take on the BMW 3 Series, Audi A4 and Mercedes-Benz C-Class with Jaguar XE, and marks the beginning of a new era for JLR.
It’s about time Jaguar Land Rover ditched its ancient ties with Ford and develop a lineup of small-displacement engines of its own. The move comes just in time as Jaguar plans to take on the BMW 3 Series , Audi A4 and Mercedes-Benz C-Class with the XE, and marks the beginning of a new era for JLR. Both Jaguar and Land Rover can look toward a more efficient and cleaner future, which will also make an impact on the company’s lineup of high-performance vehicles. A lower carbon footprint will likely keep the supercharged, 5.0-liter V-8, and the awesome cars and SUVs that come with it in production for a few more years. At the same time, adopting technologies such as twin-turbocharging will enable Jaguar to reduce displacement without upsetting performance-hungry customers and enthusiasts.
Confirmed for the 2015 model year in Europe with a 2016 launch for North America, the Jaguar XE will arrive in showrooms as a BMW 3 Series fighter. The four-door compact will be underpinned by the company’s all-new aluminum architecture — previewed with the C-X17 Concept SUV — and hit the streets with a bevy of engines under its hood. Diesel and gasoline units from the Ingenium lineup will comprise most of the lineup, with an F-Type -sourced, supercharged V-6 to sit at the top of the range.
Design-wise, we expect the XE to keep most of Jaguar’s traditional styling cues, but carry a few signature lines of its own. An aggressive front end, an arched trunk lid and a sloping roof are the main characteristics the XE will throw at the BMW 3 Series and the other German compacts dominating the segment.
Gallery Jaguar XE
Ingenium, the new family of premium diesel and petrol engines designed, engineered and manufactured by Jaguar Land Rover, delivers class-leading levels of torque, horsepower and refinement while reducing emissions and fuel consumption.
The company today revealed more of the technical details of these new lightweight, compact low-emissions modular enginesas it showcased some of the company’s future technologies.
Ingenium: Configurable, Flexible, Modular
Jaguar Land Rover has developed its own new family of advanced technology, low-friction, high-performance petrol and diesel engines to meet growing customer demand for lower fuel consumption and cost of ownership, without compromising performance and the driver experience.
Ingenium’s design brief presented Jaguar Land Rover’s engineers with a tough and complex challenge. Its new engine family would need to be:
Configurable and flexible to enable seamless installation in a range of new Jaguar and Land Rover vehicles
Scalable up and down to create smaller or larger displacement variants in the future
Able to accommodate a range of powertrain layouts including rear-, all- and four-wheel drive
Engineered to support manual and automatic transmissions as well as electrified hybrid drive systems
Easily accepting of new advances in engine technologies as they become available
Jaguar Land Rover powertrain engineers at the company’s Whitley and Gaydon development facilities have based Ingenium’s foundation on extremely strong and compact aluminium blocks for both diesel and petrol versions.
These lightweight blocks share the same bore, stroke, cylinder spacing and 500cc cylinder capacity. This helps give Ingenium the configurability and flexibility around which smaller or larger engines can quickly and efficiently be developed to meet future regulatory and competitive requirements. To support the development of this future powertrain technology, including the new Ingenium family, Jaguar Land Rover has invested £40 million to expand and enhance its Powertrain Engineering facility at its Whitley Technical Centre.
All diesel and petrol Ingenium variants will be equipped with state-of-the-art turbochargers that improve performance, particularly at low speeds, and that help reduce consumption and CO2 emissions.
Ingenium’s modular design enables both petrol and diesel engines to share many common internal components and calibration strategies. This reduces complexity, raises quality and simplifies manufacturing, and allows Jaguar Land Rover to react more quickly to changes in global demand.
“Customers around the world are increasingly demanding cleaner-running, more efficient vehicles that maintain or even enhance the performance attributes expected of a rugged all-terrain vehicle or a high performance car. Our Ingenium engines deliver this to a new level,” said Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart, Jaguar Land Rover Group Engineering Director.
“Engineering and manufacturing our own engines improves our ability to react to changes in demand and improves our ability to react to changes in legislation and competitive technologies in the future,” added Dr Ziebart. “We believe that with the range of technologies we are investing in, Jaguar Land Rover can absolutely satisfy the often conflicting requirements of delivering engaging high-performance luxury vehicles that reduce our carbon footprint in the long-term.”
Ingenium bristles with innovations that will deliver more of what Jaguar Land Rover’s global customers expect from premium high-performance engines: outstanding low-end torque, effortless acceleration and class-leading emissions performance with low consumption.
One strategy Jaguar Land Rover powertrain engineers used to accomplish this was a focus on reducing internal friction.
In the first Ingenium engine to go into volume production, a 2.0-litre diesel known as AJ200D, friction is reduced by 17 per cent compared to the current engine, helping to make it one of the most efficient and responsive 2.0-litre turbo diesels in its segment.
Ingenium engines feature six key technologies that combine to reduce friction, add refinement and improve performance. They include:
Roller bearings on cam and balancer shafts, instead of machined-in bearing surfaces.
Computer-controlled variable oil pumps that save energy by delivering the optimum amount of oil at all speeds, engine loads and temperatures.
Computer-controlled variable water pumps that adjust the amount of coolant flowing through the engine, based on temperature, speed and driving conditions. The split or twin circuit cooling system offers the twin benefits of lowering CO2 emissions by enabling fast warm ups, and providing quick cabin heat on cold days.
Simplified cam drive system designed for modular application.
Crankshafts that are offset from the centre of the block.
Electronically controlled piston cooling jets to improve efficiency in the oil pumping circuit. Jets are switched off when piston cooling is not needed. They also enable the engine to reach its optimum operating temperature faster, further helping to reduce CO2 emissions.
All Ingenium engines will be equipped with advanced and efficient turbochargers, central direct high-pressure fuel injection, variable valve timing and start-stop technology.
Ingenium will also come to market as one of the most tested and proven Jaguar Land Rover engines ever. Before the first Ingenium engine is sold, it will have already undergone the equivalent of more than eight years of the toughest, most punishing testing that Jaguar Land Rover engineers could devise. These tests include a huge range of integrity and durability testing, including more than 72,000 hours of dyno testing and 2 million miles of real-world testing to ensure these engines deliver – and continue to deliver.
Key Role in Vehicle Weight Reduction
Jaguar Land Rover already leads the industry in the production of lightweight, aluminium-bodied vehicles. The introduction of Ingenium unites the company’s light-weight chassis expertise with powertrains specifically designed and calibrated to complement reduced weight vehicles.
Jaguar Land Rover engineers are focusing on reducing vehicle weight by optimising every component in every system, powertrains included. Despite adding features and increasing power output, Ingenium engines weigh as much as 80kg less than today’s equivalent engines.
“Ingenium fulfils our commitment to offer our global customers some of the most advanced powertrains available in some of the lightest vehicles in the premium SUV and performance car segments,” said Ron Lee, Jaguar Land Rover Director of Powertrain Engineering.
“Being configurable and flexible are the two key strands of Ingenium’s DNA because we have future-proofed our new engines from the outset. Ingenium will be able to accept new advances in fuel, turbocharging, emissions, performance and electrification technologies when they are ready and accessible to be deployed.
“We were able to design Ingenium in this way because we had the rare opportunity to start the project with a clean sheet of paper. We weren’t locked into any of the usual restrictions that force engineering compromises because we had no existing production machinery that would dictate design parameters, no carryover engine architectures to utilise and no existing factory to modify,” said Lee.