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Ferrari 250

Ferrari 250

In 1962, at the Paris Motor Show, Ferrari unveiled the final model in the 250 GT series. Called 250 GT Berlinetta lusso, the new model has been produced between 1962 and 1964 with 350 units being produced. The car replaced the 250 GT Coupe, were designed by Pininfarina and built by Scaglietti in Modena. Actor Steve McQueen is one of the famous car’s owners.

Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta lusso

The 250 GT Berlinetta lusso was built on the short wheelbase of the earlier 250 GTs, but with a revised chassis and the engine moved slightly further forward providing additional interior room for the occupants.

A hit already among the 250 models, the single overhead camshaft, 60° V12 was once again used. For the 250 GT Berlinetta lusso the engine had a bore and stroke of 73mm x 58.8mm and delivered 250bhp at 7500rpm with a compression of 9.2:1. The engine was coupled with a 4-speed + reverse all-synchromesh gearbox, with final drive through a propeller shaft to the rigid rear axle, for which two alternative ratios were available.

The 0 to 60 mph sprint was made in less than 7 seconds, while top speed went up to 150 mph.

Until 1960 Ferrari never had a 2+2 model. They have only received special orderes on models like 195’s, 212’s, 340’s and 342’s. At the Le Mans 24 Hours in June 1960 Ferrari presented the 250 GT 2+2 (known as the GTE), their first real four-seater. The company built 957 units between 1960 and 1963.

Ferrari 250 GT 2+2 (GTE)

The car might be believed to be designed especially for Enzo Ferrari’s father, who according to him "loved the 2+2 … this was his personal car. My father was normally driving himself, but he always had a driver with him, and a little dog. So for him, a two-seat car wasn’t enough."

Ferrari 250 GT 2+2 (GTE)

Designed by Pininfarina, the 250 GTE was based on the 250 GT Coupe, compared to that were 300 mm longer, 60 mm wider and, perhaps most surprisingly, over 50 mm lower and only 80 kilos heavier. The body had an airy cabin section with slim screen pillars, which provided a light and quite roomy leather trimmed interior for the occupants. However, the front seats had to be forward on their runners to provide reasonable rear seat leg room, thus endorsing its 2+2 status rather than claiming to be a full four-seater car, although the rear seats were well upholstered and the occupants had a central arm rest and even an ashtray.

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In 1959 at the Paris Salon, Ferrari unveiled the 250 GT SWB Berlinetta - or "passo corto". It was designed by Pininfarina and built at the Scaglietti works in Modena. Built on a 2400mm chassis, the 250 GT Berlinetta passo corto was a natural continuation of the Ferrari 250 GT Tour de France.

Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta passo corto

This was the first Ferrari production road car to be fitted with disc brakes as standard and, unlike the preceding 250 GT Berlinetta series, was available in either left- or right-hand drive. It was also available in competition specification, with an aluminium body, lightweight interior trim, and the engine in a higher state of tune – or in ‘Lusso’ (luxury) road trim, when it was normally fitted with a steel body with aluminium opening panels.

Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta passo corto

Under the hood Ferrari placed a further development of the original Colombo-designed single overhead camshaft per bank V12 engine, with a capacity of 2953 cc, via a bore and stroke of 73 x 58.8 mm. The engine was delivering between 220 to 280 bhp, dependent upon specification. All versions were featuring four-speed transmission.

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The was built on request of John Von Neumann, the US west coast Ferrari representative, who believed that there was potential for an open Spider suited to the Californian sun, a sort of open 250 GT Berlinetta. The car was built by Scaglietti, with 106 units created, nine with aluminum bodies.

Ferrari 250 California

The 250 California was a convertible model, with a full folding hood, built in two distinct series: the ‘LWB’ (long wheelbase) between 1958 and 1960, although a prototype was built in late 1957, and the ‘SWB’ (short wheelbase) from 1960 to 1962.

The LWB version was built on a 2600 mm wheelbase chassis, and during its production period the car suffered a few exterior changes: the shape and design of the front wing engine bay exhaust air vents, and more noticeably the rear wing line and lights, boot, and tail profile, which received a step in the panel projecting beyond the base of the lid on late series cars. The very last cars in the series, produced in late 1959 and early 1960, were fitted with disc brakes to all four wheels, instead of the drum brake set-up of the earlier examples.

In 1957 at the Geneva Motor Show, Ferrari unveiled the 250 GT Cabriolet - a two-seater spider built for the more refined clientele. After the first 40 cars had been produced, a second series was created. To differentiate it from the more sporting 250 GT Spider California, the Cabriolet’s styling was made more sober, boot space was increased and it was made more comfortable inside. Production continued until 1962, and around 200 cars were built in all, with no two cars were completely identical.

Ferrari 250 GT Cabriolet

Of course is not the first spider-bodied Ferrari, but until it cabriolets featuring proper folding soft tops had only been produced in relatively small numbers. So, in 1956 when Carrozzeria Boano exhibited a 250 GT Cabriolet, chassis 0461GT, it was the beginning of a new era. This was in fact the first 250 GT Cabriolet that lead to the first series of Pininfarina-designed cabriolets produced during 1957 and 1958.

Like most of the previous models, the 250 GT Cabriolet was built on a 2600 mm wheelbase and they were powered by a 3-litre version of the Colombo ’short-block’ V12 engine that delivered 240 hp.

While Ferrari has a big history in building "berlinetta" model, the 250GT is the first one to be built. This car was perfect for both track and racing, and quickly after their unveiling they have become a the racer of choice amongst top drivers. The 250GT Berlinetta made its first appearance at Nassau in 1956. Only one year after, at the 1957 Tour de France, Ferrari took the top three places and proved the versatility of the car.

Ferrari 250GT Berlinetta

The "Tour de France" series of cars were the competition orientated berlinetta versions of the 250 GT road cars, designed for racing in the GT category. The car was designed by PininFarina and constructed in aluminum by Scaglietti.

The Ferrari 250GT Berlinetta was powered by the original Colombo-designed V12 engine now tuned by Ferrari to produce 240-280 horsepower using three downdraft Weber carburetors.

In 1953 at the Paris Salon, Ferrari unveiled their first attempt in building a series production Grand Touring car. The new model called 250 Europa was offered in two versions of the model: the first 20 units were simply called 250 Europe, while the other 44 were being called 250 GT Europa. The difference between the two version was firstly made by the wheelbase: 2800mm for Europa and 2600mm for Europa GT; and secondly by the engine: first one was using a 3-liter Lampredi V12 engine and the second one a 3-liter Colombo V12 engine.

Ferrari 250 Europa and Europa GT

The GT version was revealed in 1954 at the Paris Salon, initially using the same 250 Europa name, but the GT suffix was soon added, to help differentiate it from its predecessor, and then it became known simply as the 250 GT. The overall shape of the majority of the series was virtually identical to that of the 250 Europa Pininfarina three window coupé that preceded it. In fact, unless you had a keen eye for dimensions, you would need a tape measure to tell them apart, the main difference being in the distance between the front wheel arch and the A-pillar.

When we showed you the $8 million 1958 Ferrari 250 TR hit the tire wall at Laguna Seca over the weekend, all our evidences were constricted to photographs. But now, thanks to videos captured by those who were at the race, we now have video evidence of exactly what happened to David Love’s obscenely expensive ride.

We’ve seen a lot of cars that crash in races over the years but not to the extent of this one. And it’s not because of the damage either, which if you look at the photos we showed, isn’t all that much – a few detailing tweaks here and there and banging sheet metals should do the trick. This car crash is significant because, well, the car that got introduced into the tire wall is one of the most expensive cars in the history of the world. One even got sold a few months ago for a cool $12 million!

While the video does give chills down our spines, we’re still compelled to show this to you guys. After all, how often do you see a car that can be sold for about four Bugatti Veyrons skirt the gravel and crash into a tire wall?

Our friends at Autoblog were fortunate – or unfortunate, depending on how you can stomach a multi-million dollar car getting gslammed in a tire wall– to capture a staggeringly expensive Ferrari 250 TR run a few laps at the Laguna Seca Speedway.

For those who don’t have any idea just how expensive a Ferrari 250 TR really is, consider that just a few months ago, one such model was sold at an auction for over $12 million dollars , making it the most expensive car in history. So you’d expect that the owner of this particular 250 TR would be extra careful running it around Laguna Seca’s notorious track, maybe take it out for a leisurely cruise in front of gawking spectators.

Apparently, the owner had other ideas in mind. Whether or not he was just showing off his car or he completely lost his mind, the tore up the track and ended up ramming his $8 million dollar ride into a tire wall. We’re beyond speechless.

Continued after the jump.

Source: Autoblog

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