Nissan today announced the launch of the Nissan GT-R, a new multi-dimensional performance machine that lives up to the concept of "an ultimate supercar for anyone, anywhere, at anytime". The Nissan GT-R features a newly developed Premium Midship package, including the world’s first independent transaxle 4WD developed independently by Nissan. The Nissan GT-R will be available in Japan mainly through Nissan High Performance Centers nationwide from December 6th.
Pricing of the 2009 Nissan GT-R will start from $69,850 for the Base model and $71,900 for the Premium model, which adds a standard Bose audio system, heated seats and side air bags.
The Nissan GT-R was developed with a new understanding and appreciation of the Earth’s natural forces - gravity, inertial force and aerodynamics - and translates those forces into a completely new design, maximizing tire grip and airflow.
Basic vehicle dynamics and integration with the driver have also been examined, resulting in new componentry and creating a Human-Machine Interface (HMI) never seen before in the marketplace. All of these theories have been integrated to balance "speed and efficiency," "high-output with environmental consideration" and "high performance and safety."
Taking these factors into account, Nissan created the all-new Nissan GT-R, which offers advanced high performance for secure and enjoyable driving by minimizing the effects of climatic, road condition or driving technique limitations. The Nissan GT-R offers ultimate performance for virtually every driving situation - whether it be the Nurburgring circuit, to snow, rain or urban areas - all manageable by the GT-R driver through advanced technology and driving dynamics.
The Nissan GT-R’s unique characteristics are instilled not just in the vehicle’s design, but also through a specialized production process. Carbon fiber, aluminum and steel components are assembled with a special high-precision process, which includes a series of vibration tests. Engines and transmissions are assembled by a single craftsman in a "clean room" environment and upon completion, every GT-R undergoes a battery of comprehensive tests to ensure the proper operation of all vehicle components.
To properly support the all-new GT-R, Nissan has established special Nissan High Performance Centers, where all certified advisors and technicians have received extensive training. Total support for the GT-R owner is offered for the first three years of ownership, including measurement and adjustment of the engine, transmission and wheel alignment after the first 1000 km, and again every 12 months, free of charge.
Packaging and Driveline Suited for a Supercar
The all-new Nissan GT-R uses a Premium Midship package, an all-new, more advanced version Front Midship (FM) package utilized on other Nissan vehicles. This new package enables the use of the world’s first application of an independent transaxle 4WD system. The transaxle’s layout places the dual-clutch transmission, transfer case and final drive at the rear of the vehicle (instead of the usual front location), which enables vehicle weight to be evenly distributed throughout the car. This gives the Nissan GT-R a superb front-to-rear weight balance, while enhancing leg and foot space and allowing for an optimal pedal layout.
Under the hood, the Nissan GT-R features an all-new 3.8-litre twin turbo V6 "VR38" engine, featuring plasma-sprayed bores and a special twin-turbo exhaust manifold system. A secondary air management system enables the newly designed powerplant to provide approximately 40kg/m of torque during ordinary low-rev driving, which gives an optimum air-fuel ratio for around-town efficiency and helps the Nissan GT-R meet ultra-low emission vehicle (U-LEV) standards in Japan.
The Nissan GT-R’s new engine produces 473 HP at 6400rpm and maximum torque of 433 lbs-ft from 3200 to 5200rpm. Putting the power to the ground is an all-new GR6-type dual clutch transmission, with paddle shifting and a Borg Warner six-plate dual clutch for direct control.
Suspension duties are handled through a special Bilstein DampTronic system, which utilizes all pertinent vehicle information to provide appropriate damping forces for all situations and helps maintain a high level of control for straight-line driving, cornering, and braking.
Braking is essential for a daily-driven supercar and the GT-R features large Brembo full-floating drilled rotors, low steel high stiffness brake pads and Brembo mono block six-piston front and four-piston rear calipers, which in combination minimize fade and provide stable braking. Run-flat tires, exclusively designed for use on the Nissan GT-R, balance high grip and all-weather capabilities and a comfortable ride in all driving situations. The tires are designed to maintain structure for 80km of travel at 80 km/h, while still providing an acceptable level of performance.
High-Performance Safety and Environmental Technologies
The Nissan GT-R offers a long list of safety and environmental features, including, for enhanced visibility inside and out of the vehicle, high-mounted LED stoplamps, bright LED rear combination taillights, "super wide beam" headlights, heated door mirrors and flat-blade wipers.
Standard safety equipment includes a pop-up engine hood system for enhanced pedestrian safety, driver and front passenger SRS Air Bag System, ELR front seat belts with tension reducer, front seat belts with load limiter, and three-point ELR rear seat belts. Driver and front passenger SRS Side Air Bag System and SRS Curtain Air Bag System are offered as options.
Environmental technologies include extensive work to create an U-LEV certification in Japan for the 3.8-liter twin turbo engine and reduced levels of volatile organic compound for materials used in the car.
Functional Design - High Performance Aerodynamics and Style
The Nissan GT-R’s styling follows the function over form theory. Every styling aspect, from the overall design to the smallest details, is created to maximize the vehicle’s driving experience - as well as suggesting GT-R’s "supercar" level of performance. Utilizing advanced aerodynamics, the Nissan GT-R’s aggressive styling evokes the lines of a well-trained athlete, combining strong character lines with smooth and solid areas.
The all-new GT-R’s body is created with a combination of steel, carbon fiber and aluminum, providing a unique combination of stiffness and lightness. The Nissan GT-R features a low coefficient of drag of 0.27, with high front and rear downforce, which provides the GT-R with enhanced grip in all weather situations, while also enhancing fuel efficiency.
The front fenders express power and stability, while the "aero-blades" on the fenders’ leading edges provide optimum airflow around the tires and along the body. The scoop in the fenders’ trailing edges assists in providing front downforce and optimization of side airflow. The aggressive front end, with a large hood budge and single air intake, provides a sophisticated style as well as undisturbed airflow for power and cooling. New "super wide beam" headlights feature three additional sub-reflectors (compared to conventional lights) to give a wider spread to the illumination area.
The Nissan GT-R’s large, four-passenger cabin features a sloping "aero blade canopy" roofline and curved C-pillar "sword edge," which expresses the distinctive GT-R identity, as well as facilitating air flow around the rear of the vehicle. The GT-R’s hallmark four-ring taillights, efficient rear spoiler and large, integrated φ120 exhaust tips, provides the signature rear view of the GT-R, as well as optimizing airflow along the top and under the vehicle.
The high level of advanced technology is evident even in the Nissan GT-R’s paint - which utilizes a "double clear coat" and "anti-chipping" process. The Nissan GT-R features Ultimate Silver as a special new color, which is painstakingly hand-polished by craftsman.
An Interior Suitable for Daily Driving or Supercar Duties
Key to the Nissan GT-R’s usability as a both daily driver and a high-performance supercar is its interior, which is designed to balance functionality, a sense of ease, and comfort.
Sculpted performance bucket seats give the driver and passenger a comfortable driving experience, and soft pads are utilized on the dash in front of the passenger and doors to give an extra level of comfort and safety.
The instrument panel surrounds the driver, with all meters and multi-function meter at a uniform height to minimize the driver’s head movement when traveling at high speeds. A large center-mounted tachometer, with gear display on its upper right, as well as the easy-to-read graphics of the display, gives the driver instant detailed information, essential for the performance nature of the GT-R.
Functional style is also evident in the Nissan GT-R - each meter features a dial plate design that evokes the idea of engaged gears, as well as a three-dimensional metal-like ring, suggesting the multi-dimensional performance of the GT-R. A large, metallic-framed center console features the ergonomically designed shift lever and a red "engine start" button.
Adjustability is central to the daily-driver nature of the Nissan GT-R, with a special "set-up switch" located in the center of the instrument panel. This switch enables the driver to adjust transmission shifts, shock absorbers and the Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC-R) in three settings - Normal, Comfort or R, the high-performance setting designed for the Nissan GT-R "supercar" application.
A high-speed, high-capacity CARWINGS (Japan market) navigation system, with a powerful 30GB hard disk drive, features an easy-to-use touch pad, as well as traditional navigation switches. The screen interface features not only the navigation system, but also an enriched entertainment system with a Music Box hard drive, DVD and CD player, and Bluetooth® audio function.
For special use in the GT-R application, the multi-function meter also includes mechanical and driving information for safe high performance driving, including acceleration opening, brake pedal pressure, and steering angle. It also includes an "optimal gearshift map," to emphasize economical vehicle operation.
A specially designed BOSE sound system includes two forward-facing woofers in the rear center armrest area combined with traditional door speakers. All speakers are mounted in rigid aluminum die cast panels, which combined with the design of the system itself, provide sound quality suitable for a supercar.
The design bears a close resemblance to the GT-R Proto shown at the 2005 Tokyo Show and, in turn, has much in common stylistically with the 2001 GT-R Concept.
’We wanted to design a car that looked uniquely Japanese - it is very definitely not a European or American fast car,’ says senior vice president of design Shiro Nakamura. ’We also wanted to highlight the functionality of the car - it is a car that is easy to use and easy to drive - and continue the proud heritage of the GT-R.’
The new Nissan GT-R is a muscular, distinctive looking car. Chunky, edgy, wide shouldered, ground-hugging and flat-sided, it is also one of the most aerodynamic cars in the world (Cd 0.27) as well as being one of the most distinctive.
The style is based closely on the GT-R Proto shown at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show to great critical acclaim. The only significant styling difference - apart from small details - is to the front styling, changed mostly to allow for superior crash test protection.
This is the first GT-R not based on a mass-volume Nissan vehicle (the last GT-R was based on the Skyline). That gave design director Shiro Nakamura, product chief designer Hiroshi Hasegawa and their team a great deal of freedom to create Japan’s ultimate supercar.
’The mission was to achieve a distinctive car, a supercar, but not a normal fast car - it’s chunkier, more practical and more muscular,’ says Nakamura. ’The element of functionality is core to the GT-R. It’s not too low; it’s easy to get in and out of, has good visibility and is easy to drive. That functionality is reflected in the design. It is clearly not an Italian, German or American car - it is unmistakably Japanese. It is very mechanical, almost like an animated robot - it is obviously made from metal, has big shoulders and looks strong and muscular. The previous R34 GT-R had the same image. Almost like you could be playing this car on a video game.
’We didn’t want a nice elegant shape - we wanted an original shape. Some people who buy this car will also have a Ferrari and a Porsche. This car must be different from all others. I see it as a car influenced not by feminine beauty, like Italian cars, but by masculine beauty - it is strong, well toned, well muscled. It has big deep flanks and is very toned - that’s part of the muscled stance.’
Overt functional touches include the kink in the rear pillar - ’it is highly distinctive and helps rear airflow,’ says Nakamura, ’and it also gives the GT-R a really unusual roof line, which I like.’ The side front fender air scoops also improve the car’s aero performance by improving airflow around the tires, are highly distinctive and almost animalistic. They also help cool the big-chested twin-turbo V6. Nakamura also feels those deep flat sides are highly functional. ’They’re flat like a well toned stomach but they also help when judging the car’s width and they’re very aerodynamic.’
Good aerodynamics was a key requirement for the high-speed Nissan GT-R. ’Designing a car is always a balance between engineering and aesthetics. But with the Nissan GT-R we had very little conflict. We knew this car had to be Nissan’s technological showcase. Our designers worked very closely with the aerodynamicists to ensure excellent air flow and good downforce essential for a car that has such a high top speed and such excellent high speed stability.’
The new car also continues the proud GT-R design lineage. ’It’s quite square and edgy at first glance although full of interesting curvatures and subtle shapes when you look closer. Like all great design, the closer you look, the more you see.’
The pillars are quite upright, emphasizing that this is not an impractical low-slung supercar. There are the four round tail lamps mirrored in the four chunky round exhausts directly below. Specific styling cues, borrowed from great Nissans of the past, include the edgy boxy shape of the PGC10 GT-R of 1969, the four round tail lamps of the KPGC110 GT-R of 1973 and the long thin slit grille opening of the R34 GT-R of 1999.
Like the exterior, the Nissan GT-R’s interior is stylish but highly functional. The cabin is unique, sharing no major components or design features with any other Nissan model. The Nissan GT-R is a bespoke supercar, new from the ground up.
Instruments are large, clear and simple, all directly in front of the driver for maximum legibility. The circular analog instruments are ringed in chunky bezels and there is a tachometer in pride of place, red-lined at 7000rpm. Within the tachometer is an easy-to-see gearshift position display.
More unusual is a multi-function display, in the center of the dash, that not only gives you a detailed log of your driving behavior - speed, g-force, fuel economy etc - but also gives details of the car’s mechanical information (turbo boost, water and engine oil pressure, transmission oil, front/rear drive distribution etc) plus steering angles, braking and acceleration pressure, and also optimal gearshift mapping for best fuel economy. The design of the multi-function display - which also includes the satellite navigation and audio controls - was done in conjunction with Polyphony Digital Inc, designer of the Gran Turismo video game series for Sony PlayStation.
In the center of the dashboard, below the multi-function display, is a cluster angled towards the driver. It contains switches for the air conditioning, audio and set-up switches, used to change the tuning of components including dampers, gear shift and VDC.
The center console, which sweeps through the middle of the cabin, contains the red start button, the leather shift lever (the same leather used for the steering wheel, to help tactility) and parking brake, which aligns with the center armrest when off, functioning as an extended arm rest. The shift lever selector chooses Park, Reverse, Neutral, Automatic or Manual, and manual gear shifts are done by paddles directly behind the steering wheel. There is a full automatic gear change provision, useful in heavy traffic or when relaxing rather than sporty driving is desired.
The steering wheel is small, comfortable to hold and trimmed in soft hand-stitched leather. Switches have been placed on spokes in an orderly, logical manner.
Seats are especially designed for the Nissan GT-R. They’re heavily side bolstered for maximum lateral support and comfort. It has a particularly better for supporting the body and reduce slipping. To relax the lower legs during longer drives, the front edge of the seat is unusually flat; it also makes getting into and out of the seat easier.
Access to front or rear seats is easy and visibility is excellent. Though the car fully engenders a special ’sense of occasion’ once behind the wheel - thanks to the sporty cabin, dynamic performance and handling - it is a also a very ’normal’ car in many ways, not so different from an everyday sedan. It’s roomy, comfortable, light and airy. It is much more practical and user friendly than other cars in this performance bracket.
The Nissan GT-R has the greatest range of seat adjustment of any supercar, to ensure that virtually all drivers can get comfortable behind the wheel. The driver’s seat is designed so that anyone from 144cm-190cm will feel comfortable behind the wheel. The seat slide is long (228mm), the seat is height- and rake-adjustable and the steering wheel also has a wide range of adjustments (60mm tilt, 60mm telescopic), the better to allow almost all drivers to find the perfect driving position. The fulcrum for the tilt mechanism is at the bottom of the steering shaft, to keep the steering wheel angle optimized.
Like many high-performance four-seat coupes, the rear seats are more ’occasional’ seats than full-size chairs. Though perfectly comfortable for most adults on short journeys, they are better for children or for carrying bags, jackets and other goods. The center console sweeps through the middle of the cabin, dividing left and right rear seats. Between the seats there is the provision for optional two BOSE sound system woofers.
The trunk is large (VDA: 315L), easily big enough for two sets of golf bags or for substantial holiday luggage. Luggage space is further improved by the car’s run-flat tires which obviate the need for a spare tire in the trunk.
The seat has three color schemes: black, black with red highlight or gray.
Says design director Shiro Nakamura: ’An underlying philosophy of the NissanGT-R is that it is a fast car that’s easy to drive fast. So there is nothing intimidating about the controls. Everything feels instantly familiar, apart from the novel multi-function meter - which is also highly intuitive and we believe will prove very popular with owners’.
Nissan’s VR38DETT is a brand new engine specially developed for the Nissan GT-R. The 3.8-liter unit uses twin IHI turbochargers. Its maximum power is 480 PS (353 kW) at 6400rpm. This makes the Nissan GT-R one of the world’s most powerful road cars and the most powerful production car ever built by Nissan.
’More important than the absolute power, is the manner in which it is delivered,’ says chief vehicle engineer Kazutoshi Mizuno. ’The engine’s very tractable and that means it’s very easy to drive, a key quality of the Nissan GT-R.’ Maximum torque of 60kg/m (588 Nm) is delivered seamlessly from 3200-5200rpm.
It is also a very efficient engine, reducing emissions and fuel consumption. The Nissan GT-R is the world’s most efficient supercar in balancing speed, acceleration and fuel consumption. Environmental performance is further reinforced by its satisfying Japan’s U-LEV (ultra low emission vehicle) standards.
The engine’s high environmental standard is partly due to the innovative plasma-coating bores, which improves cooling, boosting fuel efficiency and power. The plasma sprayed cylinder liner bores are just 0.15mm thick, compared with conventional cast iron liners of 2.6mm. Not only are they much better at dissipating heat, improving efficiency, they’re also lighter - saving about 3 kg in a V6 engine. To ensure sufficient lubrication of this sprayed-on cylinder liner in the aluminum block, special synthetic engine oil is used (Mobil-1 RP OW-40).
In addition, the fully independent intake and exhaust systems produce a higher output and a faster response. These fully symmetrical intake and exhaust systems increase air intake and reduce exhaust resistance, producing a smooth and fast gas flow. The twin IHI turbochargers are highly responsive.
The Nissan GT-R’s advanced electronic controls respond quickly to climate and altitude changes, ensuring maximum performance at all times. Precise monitoring of the air-fuel ratio further improves fuel efficiency and emissions. This precise control improves high-performance fuel consumption by five percent. During ordinary low-rev driving, the Nissan GT-R will typically generate about 40 kg/m (392 Nm) of torque - sufficient for excellent pick-up and acceleration - and this high output allows for an optimum air-fuel ratio, significantly improving fuel efficiency and exhaust cleanliness. ’When driving on moderate throttle openings - in other words, in normal everyday driving - the Nissan GT-R proves to be especially ecologically friendly,’ says Mizuno. ’Its fuel economy advantages over rivals is magnified in such normal everyday driving situations.’ In automatic mode, the transmission quickly chooses high gear ratios, allowing the engine to ride along on a wave of low-rev torque.
Other technical innovations include a thermostatically controlled air-cooled type oil cooler system, for greater cooling efficiency. The engine oil is cooled by oil cooler system and in extreme cornering - of which the Nissan GT-R is easily capable - a scavenger pump maintains turbocharger oil flow. A collector tank inside the fuel tank always stores enough fuel to maintain fuel flow even under strong g forces. The oil collecting structure inside the engine is optimized by a lateral wet and dry sump system, which helps secure stable oil collecting and oil pressure in various driving scenes.
>The engines, like the transmissions, are all hand made. One craftsman hand-assembles the entire engine. The dedicated engine builders work in a special Nissan GT-R ’clean room’ area of Nissan’s Yokohama plant.
The Nissan GT-R uses an all-new GR6-type transmission, exclusively developed for the car. The paddle shift six-speed twin clutch gearbox is highly efficient - unlike an automatic transmission with conventional torque converter, there is minimum power loss so response and fuel economy is improved.
In M range (for manual transmission mode), the paddle shift gives exceedingly quick changes. Such quick gear changing maintains the turbo boost, so acceleration is one strong powerful seamless burst.
The twin clutches make a significant contribution to shift speed. There are separate clutches for the odd (1,3,5) and even (2,4,6) gears. When the car is running in an odd number gear, the adjacent even numbered gears are pre-selected and are ready to make the shift immediately in the sequential-shifting gearbox. When downshifting, a synchronized rev control ’blips’ the throttle precisely to synchronize engine speed for extra-fast downshifts. Borg-Warner triple cone synchronizers are used.
When R range - the sportiest setting - is chosen on the set-up switch, a computerized control predicts the driver’s next gear change, based on throttle opening, vehicle speed, braking and other information.
The Nissan GT-R uniquely offers exceedingly quick gear shift speeds and full automatic transmission. In A (for automatic transmission) range, the car changes gear automatically, in the most fuel efficient manner. Higher gears are used whenever possible, benefiting from the car’s massive 588 Nm (60kgm) of torque, and its long and flat torque curve. The car can be driven in sixth gear for long periods at low speeds, and still offers good throttle response. Such docile behavior is at odds with most equivalently fast supercars and is one of the many unique aspects of this technology flagship.
The E-TS electronic traction control and rear final drive with limited slip differential (for better power delivery) are both integrated into the surprisingly compact and light rear transaxle. By placing the input/output shafts diagonally, the transmission is flat and the car’s center of gravity can be lowered.
One highly useful and unusual feature is the Nissan GT-R’s Hill Start Assist. On an uphill gradient, which the car automatically recognizes, the system maintains brake pressure for about two seconds after the release of the brake pedal, making hill starts easy.
The parts which have been processed using the latest production equipment, are looked after and assembled one by one, by the hands of one skilled mechanic. High precision and full reliability is ensured with the latest inspection machinery.
The Nissan GT-R has a new type of suspension offering excellent straight-line stability, even over 300 km/h (1886.4 mph), plus top-class handling and braking in all situations - from urban commutes, to snowy and slushy roads, to the racetrack. The suspension is designed around the new ’Premium Mid-ship’ platformpackage, and takes advantage of the perfect load balance of all four wheels.
A set-up switch allows the driver to access three different suspension modes: R (high performance), Sports (the normal setting) and Comfort (for city driving to absorb road bumps). The set-up switch electronically changes the settings on the Bilstein DampTronic dampers, specially developed for the Nissan GT-R.
In R mode, the Bilsteins ensure flat, hard cornering for high-speed and maximum feedback. In the other two modes - Sport and Comfort - the dampers are electronically controlled to produce the best possible handling/ride balance (depending on which setting is chosen). Special sensors measure eleven vehicle elements including vehicle speed, Lateral acceleration speed, steering angle speed, demand torque, estimate torque, engine rpm, brake oil pressure, normal acceleration (front axle and rear axle), ABS anti-lock braking behavior and vehicle stop information.
The Nissan GT-R has huge front and rear Brembo fully ventilated drilled steel disc brakes (φ380). They give superb pedal feel as well as immense stopping power.
The full floating rotors stabilize braking while also preventing heat distortion. The inner parts of the rotors have diamond-shaped ventilated ribs, to ease cooling, while the rotors are also cross drilled to run as cool as possible.
Brembo monoblock six-piston calipers are used in front and rear for four piston type. To generate strong braking force and prevent caliper distortion, racing-style three bolt structures are used.
The Nissan GT-R is the world’s most efficient supercar in balancing speed, acceleration and fuel consumption. It is also more fuel efficient than any two-wheel drive supercar of similar performance. Environmental performance is further reinforced by its satisfying Japan’s ULEV (ultra low emission vehicle) standards.
’We have been able to achieve such commendable fuel economy figures,’ says Kazutoshi Mizuno, chief vehicle engineer for the Nissan GT-R, ’primarily because of the extraordinary efficiency of the new 3.8-liter V6 engine and because of the excellent aerodynamic qualities of the car’. The automatic gear shift mode is also programmed to offer optimal fuel economy, so the car cruises in as high as gear as possible, helped by the astonishing torque of the engine. Economy is especially good when not driven energetically at high speeds - which is obviously the majority of the time for most owners.
This approach provides various measures to help the driver and passengers better avoid dangers in ways that are optimized to each of a wide range of circumstances that the vehicle may be in, from " risk has not yet appeared" to " post-crash."
The new Nissan GT-R is not only one of the world’s fastest cars, it is also one that incorporates advanced safety technologies. Safety comes in both primary (avoiding accidents) and secondary (protecting in accidents) forms.
In primary safety, the Nissan GT-R has a whole suite of features. The super wide beam headlamps give drivers superb visibility at night, helping them to spot hazards. The LED (light emitting diode) high-mounted stop lamp react faster than normal brake light bulbs, while the LED taillights illuminate up the rear of the Nissan GT-R more effectively - thanks to their extra brightness - compared to conventional lighting.
The door mirrors are heated, so they work even in the coldest weather, and the flat blade wipers are aerodynamically designed to stay on the windscreen even at high speed, allowing rainwater to be cleared effectively and quickly.
Electronic controls include ABS anti-lock brakes, preventing wheel lock-up in an emergency, and VDC-R (Vehicle Dynamic Control) - the four-wheel drive electronic stability control system that improves traction and grip and helps prevent skids and slides. Electronic traction control stops wheelspin while Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD) helping optimize braking power. The brakes are drilled ventilated Brembo discs which offer the best level stopping power of any production car - another advantage for primary safety.
The Nissan GT-R handling performance is excellent at helping to avoid accidents, but sometimes accidents cannot be avoided. So the Nissan GT-R has extraordinary body construction, and safety features designed to help minimize injury both to occupants and pedestrians.
The body is a mix of racing car-like carbonfiber, extra strong diecast aluminum and advanced steels, all designed for rigidity and strength. Yet, in an accident, certain compliance is designed in, to help manage the crash energy in impacts.
Three-point ELR (emergency locking retractor) seat belts are fitted to all four seats. Driver and front passenger SRS airbags are standard. Driver and front passenger SRS Side Air Bag System and SRS Curtain Air Bag System are offered as options.
Pedestrian protection has been given a priority. The hood, front fenders and cowl have all been designed to help mitigate injury to pedestrians and energy-absorbent materials have been chosen for the front bumper to help reduce pedestrian leg injury. Nissan’s latest safety technology, the ’pop up engine hood’ is also used. When front bumper sensors detect an impact with a pedestrian, a control unit activates a pyrotechnic activator that raises the rear edge of the hood, helping to reduce the impact on the pedestrian’s head.
Dual overhead camshafts with variable intake-valve timing.
Cast aluminum cylinder block with high-endurance/low-friction plasma-sprayed bores.
IHI twin turbochargers, one per cylinder bank.
Pressurized lubrication system with thermostatically controlled cooling.
ATTESA ET-S All-Wheel Drive (AWD) with independent rear-mounted transaxle integrating transmission, differential and AWD transfer case.
Rigid, lightweight carbon-composite driveshaft between engine and transaxle.
Electronic traction control plus 1.5-way mechanically locking rear differential.
Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC-R) with three driver-selectable settings: Normal (for daily driving, controls brakes and engine output), R-Mode (for ultimate performance, utilizes AWD torque distribution for additional vehicle stability) and Off (driver does not want the help of the system).
Hill Start Assist prevents rollback when starting on an incline.
DisclaimerVDC-R cannot prevent accidents due to abrupt steering, carelessness, or dangerous driving techniques. Always drive safely.
6-speed Dual Clutch Transmission with three driver-selectable modes: Normal (for maximum smoothness and efficiency), Snow (for gentler starting and shifting on slippery surfaces), and R mode (for maximum performance with fastest shifts).
Fully automatic shifting or full sequential manual control via gearshift or steering wheel-mounted paddle shifters.
Dual clutch design changes gears in less than 0.5 second (0.2 second in R mode).
Downshift Rev Matching (DRM).
Predictive pre-shift control (in R mode) based on throttle position, vehicle speed, braking and other information.
Wheels and Tires
20 x 9.5" (front) and 20 x 10.5" (rear) super-lightweight forged-aluminum wheels with Gunmetal Gray finish.
Exclusively developed nitrogen-filled Bridgestone® RE070A high-capacity run-flat summer tires, 255/40R20 front and 285/35R20 rear.
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS).
Optional exclusively developed nitrogen-filled Dunlop® run-flat all-season tires, 255/40R20 front and 285/35R20 rear (includes Bright Silver wheels).
Brembo® 4-wheel disc brakes with 4-wheel Antilock Braking System (ABS), Brake Assist, Electronic Brakeforce Distribution and Preview Braking.
Two-piece floating-rotor 15-inch front and rear discs with diamond-pattern internal ventilation.
6-piston front/4-piston rear monoblock calipers.
Rack-and-pinion steering with vehicle-speed-sensitive power assist.
2.6 steering-wheel turns lock-to-lock.
4-wheel independent suspension with Bilstein® DampTronic system with three driver-selectable modes: Normal/Sport (for automatic electronic control of damping), Comfort (for maximum ride comfort), and R mode (engages maximum damping rate for high-performance cornering).