Volkswagen made today official the Scirocco, a model that started its history 34 years ago. Prices will start at €27,490 for the 1.4L TSI petrol variant with 120hp.
With a length of 4.26 meters, the Scirocco is on par with the Golf. However, it is built significantly lower to the ground (1.40 meter) and is nearly as wide as the Passat (1.81 meter). Four adults can be seated with plenty of space inside. Once they are all aboard, the Scirocco provides 292 liters of cargo capacity; when the two seatbacks of the rear individual sport seats are folded down, capacity increases to a considerable 755 liters. This contemporary Scirocco demonstrates unfettered everyday utility, and it can be clearly recommended as a sports car for every day of the year.
Providing for ample power on the Scirocco – which comes with ESP and sport chassis as standard equipment – are four TDI and TSI engines, all of them charged and therefore just as torque-strong as they are economical and low in emissions. The three TSI (gasoline direct-injection) output 90 kW / 122 PS, 118 kW / 160 PS and 147 kW / 200 PS. The Scirocco’s common rail engine (TDI) develops a power of 103 kW / 140 PS. The 122 PS TSI takes the car to a top speed of 200 km/h. This 160 PS TSI takes the Scirocco from rest to 100 km/h in 8.0 seconds; its top speed is 217 km/h. With the 200 PS engine, the Scirocco makes the 0 to 60 mph in 7.2 seconds and hits a top speed of 235 km/h.
The designers of the third generation of the Scirocco unmistakably designed it to be a pure sports car. Different than the original Scirocco of the 1970s, and the second generation introduced in the 1980s, the new car offers substantially greater interior space. That is because – in contrast to its two predecessors – the Scirocco of the year 2008 does not have a sloping hatchback, but a wagon back with matching long roof and steep tailgate.
This offers two distinct advantages. First: the Scirocco exhibits very crisp proportions. Especially when viewed from the rear, it immediately becomes apparent that the 1.80 meter long roof with its lateral arrays of windows stands on very wide and powerful shoulder sections. So the Scirocco gets a waist that is flawlessly cut right from sports car principles. Second: The new model also has space in the rear for two adults plus sufficient luggage. All things considered, the progressively styled Scirocco combines a high level of everyday utility with a classy design.
Scirocco - Design and dimensions
The crisp dimensions of the new sports car also speak with a clear language. The Scirocco – with its short overhangs – exploits its wheelbase of 2,578 millimeters efficiently for maximum space. The Volkswagen is 1,400 millimeters tall, exactly 4,256 millimeters long and 1,810 millimeters wide.
The front end of the Scirocco displays a completely new Volkswagen design language. On the one hand, it preserves historical elements, while simultaneously taking a great leap forward. The radiator grille and bumper are characterized by a dynamic that is timeless and impressive. Technically, the front end concept also fulfills Volkswagen’s stringent requirements for pedestrian protection.
Stylistically, the upper area of the Scirocco’s front end is dominated primarily by horizontal lines. Spanning the area between the prominent dual headlamps is a very narrow air inlet in luxurious black. Beneath this is a very clearly designed area in car color. This narrow double band of the black radiator grille and bumper painted in car color, defined by sharp lines, will be used to identify other new models in the future.
In the lower section of the front end, the image is marked by a central air inlet in black with its diamond-shaped pattern, and to its left and right the integrated turn signal and fog lamps. Incidentally, besides the New Beetle, the Scirocco is the only other Volkswagen to sport the VW emblem, not on the radiator grille, but on the engine hood instead.
If you run your hand, first over one of the headlamps, then over the fender and a door, you will notice that the profile curves alternate in direction. Depending on the perspective and incident light, these transitions on the sides of the car give it the appearance of a moving muscle. The powerful image is reinforced by the standard 17-inch wheels, which – due to the large track width (front 1,569, rear 1,575 millimeters) – are practically flush with the body.
Furthermore, it is the hidden B-pillar, the line of windows that rises steeply toward the rear, and the conspicuously striking C-pillar that – together with the long roof line that appears to be endless – convey a very unique presence and dynamics. In the rear area, an integrated roof spoiler offers another plus in dynamics and additional downforce at the rear axle. Set in very clear counterpoint are the sculpturally shaped taillights that are also eye-catching and prominent from the side view.
The sculptural form of the wide taillights is most apparent when viewed from the rear. Here, the car’s character is defined by the ratio of proportions between the roof and shoulder section and thereby the car’s waist. It is sharply contoured, since the roof runs significantly narrower than the overall body. These stylistic traits produce a design typical of a very powerful and significantly more expensive sports car. In any case, the really wide track actually looks even wider than it is. From the rear, the C pillars cannot be made out, since the rear window extends across the entire vehicle width. The overall design of the rear end – broader, with heftier bumpers plus a wide wheel track, the roof line and roof spoiler, plus wide wrap-around rear window – all lend an exceptionally powerful image to this car.
Scirocco - Interior
Four sport seats
The Scirocco is a full-fledged four seater. Here, full-fledged means that two adults can be seated comfortably in the rear. Even when a 1.90 meters tall driver adjusts the seat, there is still plenty of knee room in the back. There is no sense of cramped space here. Also guaranteeing that everything is comfortable in this new sports car are the four sport seats. Similar to the new Passat CC, ideally-contoured ergonomic individual seats are used in the back of the Scirocco. Providing for a high level of safety are the headrests that are permanently mounted to the seatbacks in the rear.
The front sport seats include an Easy Entry feature for easier entry and exit of the rear passengers. Specifically, when the seatback of a front seat is unlatched, the seat moves forward; afterwards, it automatically returns to its preset position. Also standard: height adjustment of the front sport seats. By way of an option for the Scirocco, Volkswagen also offers a “Lifestyle seat upholstery and trim” with Alcantara appointments and the leather upholstery and trim “Vienna”, the latter in the colors “Titanium Black” or “Truffle”.
The cargo area shows good size too. Laid out like a station wagon, loaded up to the height of the cargo cover it offers a volume of 292 liters. If the seatbacks of the rear individual seats are folded down, a cargo area capacity of 755 liters is available. Even in this case, there is no problem loading the car up to the roofliner, since a cargo net can be integrated behind the front seats.
The driver and front passenger in the Scirocco experience a sporty and well-developed ergonomic environment. Pleasing to the touch and appealing to the eye are the complex designs of the interior door trim. Instruments and gages have also been laid out intuitively and clearly. In particular, the center console with its controls arranged at a high level exhibits a refreshingly clear layout. Arranged directly beneath the two center air vents is the selected audio system. The latest equipment generation is being implemented on the Scirocco (RCD 210 to RCD 510). Always there: a MP3-capable CD player and changer. In parallel, there will be two audio-navigation systems. The top model, designated the RNS 510, delivers refined features such as a 6.5-inch touchscreen and an extremely fast 30 gigabyte hard drive. The Scirocco also features a special instrument cluster with white illumination.
Scirocco - Engines and transmissions
Volkswagen will be offering the Scirocco as the world’s first sports car whose engines are all charged. The three TSIs – gasoline direct-injection engines –output 90 kW / 122 PS, 118 kW / 160 PS and 147 kW / 200 PS. The TDI, a highly advanced common rail engine, develops 103 kW / 140 PS. All of the Sciroccos are shifted by a six-speed gearbox.
TSI with 122 PS
Maximum power with minimal consumption – within a very short period of time this property has made the TSI four cylinders synonymous with a new generation of the most fuel-efficient and at the same time sporty Volkswagen engines. Representing the entry level into the world of these multiple award winning engines is a 90 kW / 122 PS strong TSI (at 5,000 rpm). In the Scirocco, the four cylinder engine develops its maximum torque of 200 Newton-meter at a low 1,500 rpm – i.e. just above idling speed. The TSI takes the car to a top speed of 200 km/h. The122 PS Scirocco handles the classic 0-100-km/h sprint in 9.7 seconds. Its average fuel consumption of 6.1 liters Super Unleaded per 100 kilometers makes it one of the most economical sports cars of its class. Important: even this entry-level engine breathes agility into the Scirocco in the lower speed range and turns country highways into a source of great enjoyment.
TSI with 160 PS
This is the latest TSI: a four cylinder, turbo- and supercharged, with 118 kW / 160 PS (at 5,900 rpm). Like all of the TSIs, this engine is exceptionally economical (average fuel consumption: 6.5 l/100 km) and torque-strong (maximum of 240 Newton-meter at just 1,750 rpm) too. This TSI takes the Scirocco from rest to 100 km/h in 8.0 seconds; its top speed is 217 km/h. As an option, the 160 PS TSI may be paired with the first 7-speed dual clutch transmission (DSG) in the world that is transverse mounted.
TSI with 200 PS
At the highest power level, the Scirocco comes with a powerful 147 kW / 200 PS (at 6,000 rpm) TSI. It too has a turbocharger, and it also shines with very good torque and fuel economy. Per 100 kilometers this 280 Newton-meter (from 1,700 rpm) strong four cylinder consumes just 7.6 liters of fuel. Yet it can still deliver a top speed of 235 km/h. The highest performing Scirocco of all times completes the sprint to 100 km/h in 7.2 seconds. As on the Golf GTI with an identical engine, for example, this engine can be ordered with an innovative 6-speed dual clutch transmission on the Scirocco too.
TDI with 140 PS
At its market launch in Europe, the Scirocco will already be available with a clean and torque-strong 140 PS TDI (103 kW at 4,200 rpm). This highly advanced common rail diesel is especially quiet. It develops its maximum torque of 320 Newton-meters starting at just 1,750 rpm. The Scirocco completes the 0-100-km/h sprint in just 9.3 seconds with this TDI. Its top speed of 207 km/h contrasts with an average fuel consumption of just 5.4 liters per 100 kilometers. Volkswagen offers an optional 6-speed DSG with this engine too.
Scirocco - Highlights in driving dynamics
ADAPTIVE CHASSIS CONTROL
Perfectly tailored to a sports car like the new Scirocco is the newly developed “adaptive chassis control”. It exercises direct control, not only over the suspension characteristic, but also over tuning of the electro-mechanical power steering.
“Adaptive chassis control” offers three programs: “Normal”, “Sport” and “Comfort”. “Sport” and “Comfort” are each selected by a button in front of the gearshift lever. It is important to note here that “adaptive chassis control” improves the driving properties of the Scirocco in “Normal” mode too – that is, all the time. That is because the suspension is continually being adapted to the roadway and driving situation. The system also reacts to acceleration, braking and steering inputs. This resolves the conflict in goals between a stiff sporty suspension and a comfortable one. That is precisely what makes for considerably better ride comfort – which is also quite noticeable in the “Normal” mode.
The “Sport” program can be recommended as a type of “Nuremburg Ring– North Loop” race track mode. In this case, the suspension is significantly stiffer. In parallel, the power-assist for steering is reduced for more direct steering response. The opposite is done in “Comfort” mode. In this case, ride comfort is especially improved on poor roadways and while driving slowly.
The events are remarkably similar, although they are separated by a span of more than three decades: in 1974 Volkswagen introduced the new Scirocco to the market just a few months before the debut of the first generation Golf. The sports car was a sensation, since it not only replaced the rear engine Karmann Ghia, but also initiated – after the Passat presented before it – a whole new era of design. The fact is that the original Scirocco designed by Italian Giorgio Giugiaro (Italdesign) offered an initial glimpse of the future Golf that was also drawn up at Italdesign.
34 years later, this history is now repeating itself in some aspects. The reason: this third generation Scirocco is the first Volkswagen to exhibit the new front end design for a new era. A distinctive characteristic of the Scirocco front end are its chrome headlamp bodies and the high-sheen black inside surfaces of the headlamp housings that are joined by a radiator grille cross bar, also in high-sheen black. On this sports car, the VW emblem is not integrated in the radiator grille, rather it is mounted on the engine hood.
Designers configured the third generation Scirocco unmistakably as a pure sports car. Even more powerful than the original Scirocco of the 1970s and the second generation in the 1980s, the new Scirocco still offers significantly more interior space. That is because – in contrast to its two predecessors – the Scirocco of the year 2008 does not have a sloped hatch, rather a steep hatch with a long roof and vertical tailgate. That offers two crucial advantages.
First: the Scirocco exhibits very crisp proportions. Especially when viewed from the rear, it immediately becomes clear that the 1.80 meter long roof together with the lateral lines of the windows stand on very broad and powerful shoulder sections. So the Scirocco’s design is based on flawless sports car fundamentals.
Second: the new model also has space in back for two adults and their luggage. Altogether, the progressively styled Scirocco combines a high level of everyday utility with high-end design.
With its short overhangs, the Scirocco efficiently utilizes its 2,578 millimeter wheelbase for interior space. The Volkswagen is 1,404 millimeters tall, exactly 4,256 millimeters long and 1,810 millimeters wide.
The Scirocco’s front end exhibits, as already described, a completely new Volkswagen design language. On the one hand, it preserves historical elements, yet at the same time it takes a great leap forward. The radator grille and bumpers are characterized by a timelessly impressive dynamism. Technically, the front car concept satisfies Volkswagen’s stringent requirements for pedestrian safety.
Stylistically, horizontal lines dominate in the upper area of the Scirocco’s front end. Spanning the distinctive, highsheen black background of the dual headlamps, is a very narrow cross bar, also glistening in luxurious black. Beneath it is a similarly shaped, very clearly defined area in car color. This double band of the high-sheen radiator grille and the bumper painted in car color – both defined by crisp lines – will become a new character trait. In the lower section of the front end, the image is defined by the central air inlet with its diamond pattern in black, and the turn signal and fog lamps integrated to its left and right.
When one runs their hand over one of the headlamps, then over the fender and a door, one notices that the surfaces of the side profile alternate in curvature. This the side image changes like a moving muscle in response to the viewer’s perspective and incident lighting. This powerful appearance is reinforced by the standard 17-inch wheels, which due to the car’s large tread width (1,569 in front, 1,575 millimeters in the rear) are practically flush with the body.
Furthermore, the hidden B pillar, the line of windows that ascends steeply toward the rear, and the very distinctive C pillar are features that convey a very independent presence and dynamic together with the seemingly endless roof line. In the rear area, an integrated roof spoiler adds to the dynamics and applies additional downforce at the rear axle. The sculpted taillights, also very distinctive when the car is viewed from the side, offers a very special counterpoint.
The sculptural form of the wide taillights – with their unmistakable night design – is most impressive from the rear perspective. Here the vehicle’s character is defined by the ratio of proportions between roof and shoulder section, i.e. the belt line. It is sharply contoured, since the roof runs substantially narrower than the car body. These stylistic properties produce a design typical of a very powerful, highperformance sports car.
The already quite wide tread width looks even wider. From the rear, the posts of the C pillars cannot be made out visually, since the window of the tailgate spans the entire width of the vehicle. The overall design of the rear end – with a wider, heftier bumper plus large tread width plus roof line plus roof spoiler plus wrap-around rear window – all convey an exceptionally powerful image.
Panorama vent sunroof
Supplying a vast amount of light to the interior is a large panorama vent sunroof that extends from the A-pillars to the B-pillars. At the press of a button the transparent roof opens up to 39 millimeters. When the sun is shining intensely, a sunshade can be driven into place. But that is not likely to happen very often, since the glass of the panorama vent sunroof only transmits 8.2 percent of the UV radiation, 2.8 percent of the infrared radiation (heat) and 6.9 percent of the visible light.
The panorama vent sunroof, with its black exterior, is made of safety glass. Its visual appearance was made to extend toward the windshield frame by a high-sheen black surface (polycarbonate) that is part of the glass-fiber reinforced polyurethane roof frame. The low-profile design of the panorama vent sunroof does not reduce headroom in the sports car in any way. On the contrary: the lack of a roof liner in the area of the glass section frees up more space than would be available without the transparent roof.
The new Scirocco commends itself as a sports car for every day of the year. One reason for this: its four full-fledged seats. In this case, full-fledged means that two adults can be comfortably seated in the rear. Even when a 1.90 meter tall driver takes the driver’s seat, there is still plenty of knee room behind him. That is, there is no hint of crowding. If only two persons are on board, the Scirocco provides up to 755 liters cargo capacity.
New sport seating system
Guaranteeing comfortable conditions in this new sports car are four sport seats. Similar to those on the new Passat CC, ideal ergonomically contoured bucket seats are also used in the rear of the Scirocco. The head restraints permanently attached to the rear seats provide a high level of safety here. The new front sport seats offer rear passengers easier entry and exit. That is, when the seatbacks are unlatched the front seats travel forward; afterwards they automatically return to their previously set positions. Also standard: height-adjustable front seats. A power driver’s seat may be ordered as an option.
Breathable fabrics are used as the standard seat upholstery. “Vienna” leather can be requested as an option in “Titanium black” or “Truff le” color; in this case, electrically adjustable lumbar supports and seat heating (front seats) are included. Incidentally, Volkswagen exclusively uses high-quality leather tanned with natural materials and is therefore also compatible for people with allergies.
“Sport package” with Alcantara seats
As an alternative to leather, seat covers in a fabric/Alcantara combination are available as part of a “Sport package”. Bod contact surfaces are designed in fabric, while lateral surfaces are in Alcantara. Available as colors here are “Titanium black”, “Silver black / Titanium black” and “Cashmere”. Complementing the fabric/Alcantara is the “Titanium black” roof liner.
All four Scirocco seats offer exceptionally good ergonomic properties and the kind of lateral support that one expects from a sports car. In addition, the sport seats contribute to optimal utilization of the available interior space. The reason: despite its low overall height, the Scirocco still offers very good headroom. In front, the interior height is 948 millimeters, and in the rear it is 923 millimeters. These favorable values are attained by a very low seat position that simultaneously emphasizes the sporty tuning of the Scirocco.
The cargo area also exhibits ample size. Constructed similar to the area on a station wagon, when loaded to the height of the cargo cover it offers a volume of 292 liters. When the seatbacks of the individual rear seats are folded down, this frees up a cargo capacity of 755 liters.
Clarity in cockpit design
The driver and front passenger of the Scirocco experience a sporty and ergonomically mature cockpit environment. Especially pleasing to the touch and in visual appearance are the finely designed door trim panels with their distinctive interior door handles. Gauges and instruments were also laid out intuitively and clearly. The center console with its controls arranged up high exhibits a welcome accessible layout. Located directly beneath the two central air outlets is the audio system.
Latest radio and navigation systems
The latest generation of radio and navigation system is used on the Scirocco (RCD 210 to RCD 510). Always there: a MP3- capable CD player or changer. Two radio-navigation systems will be offered in parallel. The top model, designated RNS 510, offers up refinements such as a 6.5-inch touchscreen and an extremely fast 30 gigabyte hard drive. The Scirocco also has a customized instrument cluster with white instrument illumination.
Moreover, Volkswagen worked together with Scandinavian sound specialist Dynaudio to customize a sound system of the ultra class for the Scirocco, with a total of eight loudspeakers and eight output amplifiers integrated inconspicuously in the interior. Not until the installed audio system’s power button comes into play does the 300 Watt system reveal what is within it.
The new Scirocco is characterized by passive safety that is on the same recognized excellent level as the Golf and Passat. It is based on an extremely rigid body structure, energy absorbing deformation zones all around, and restraint systems specifically tuned to the sports car.
The combination of a highly rigid occupant cell and deformation zones laid out according to computations is a prerequisite for good crash performance. The concept applied to the Scirocco is profile-intensive lightweight construction with cold-worked, high-strength sheet metal. All real tests and computer simulations confirm that the steel body designed in shell construction offers optimal protection even under the most difficult crash conditions.
A key aspect of the development of the Scirocco was pedestrian safety. All relevant components at the front of the vehicle were adapted to this objective. Engineers paid special attention to the engine hood, e.g. to optimize the hinge area for
pedestrian protection. Also contributing here is a newly designed foam piece mounted behind the bumper fascia, whose soft consistency reduces the severity of leg injuries.
Six airbags and optimal safety for children
Besides its highly safe body structure, the car’s standard front, side and window airbags also make the new Scirocco one of the safest cars in its class. As is usual at Volkswagen, the front passenger airbag can be deactivated by a “key switch” in the glove box, and if a small child is traveling in a rear-facing seat. Moreover, child safety is further supplemented by standard Isofix mounting fixtures at the rear seat positions.
An important aspect aside: not only are the airbags and belt tensioners triggered at a specific load via a central ECU, but in parallel the hazard f lashers are activated, the doors unlocked, the interior lights are turned on and the fuel pump is shut off.
Electro-mechanical power steering perfected The Scirocco – like all Golf, Jetta, Eos, Tiguan, Touran and Passat Volkswagen models – is delivered with electromechanical power steering as standard equipment. Its characteristic can be tuned to the specific car model. In this case, a newly programmed Scirocco characteristic map is used; among other things it offers stronger self-aligning torques and somewhat higher steering forces. And precisely these aspects give the driver more direct steering contact to the road.
Also new is the electro-mechanical steering gear: the steering angle sensor, utilized by both the electro-mechanical steering system and ESP, has now been integrated in the pinion gear housing for the first time. That means that it no longer needs to be housed in the steering column switch module. Sensor quality is improved substantially.
Another new development is the Scirocco’s steering column. Volkswagen engineers improved both its crash behavior and stiffness. Furthermore, the Scirocco’s electro-mechanical power steering saves on fuel: compared to a conventional power steering system it offers a savings advantage of 0.2 liters per 100 kilometers.
Impressive braking system
The new Scirocco is equipped with high-performance sliding caliper disk brakes, large brake disks (internally air-cooled in front) and a master brake cylinder specially designed for the sports car. The new brake cylinder enables very quick braking response as well as short pedal travel. The disks for engine versions up to 160 PS have a diameter of 288 millimeters in front, and 255 millimeters in the rear.
The powerful 200 PS Scirocco TSI is braked by 312 millimeter disks in front; at the rear axle the brake calipers grip 286 millimeter disks. An advanced generation of ESP is also included as a standard feature. New here: the sensors for acquiring yaw rate and transverse acceleration are integrated in the ESP control module; this made it possible to omit the typical sensor cluster in the car’s interior that was previously used.
Engines and Transmissions
Volkswagen will be offering the Scirocco as the first sports car in the world to have a full lineup of charged four cylinder engines. The three TSI gasoline direct injection engines output 90 kW / 122 PS, 118 kW / 160 PS and 147 kW / 200 PS. The TDI – a highly advanced common rail turbo-diesel – develops 103 kW / 140 PS. In the coming year, another TDI will follow that delivers 125 kW / 170 PS of power. All of the Sciroccos come with a standard manual 6-speed transmission. Engine versions 140 PS and higher can be ordered with an optional dual clutch transmission (6 or 7-speed DSG) that is as sporty as it is efficient.
TSI with 90 kW / 122 PS
Maximum power with minimum fuel consumption – that is the property of the TSI four cylinder engines that has become synonymous with a new generation of economical and simultaneously sporty Volkswagen engines in just a short period of time. The entry-level Scirocco engine clearly demonstrates why: its average consumption of 6.1 liters super unleaded per 100 kilometers and conformance to the future Euro-5 emissions standard* makes it one of the most economical and cleanest engines of its class.
The 122-PS TSI is capable of a top speed of 200 km/h. This Scirocco puts the classic 0-100 km/h sprint behind it in 9.7 seconds. The highly acclaimed engine represents the entry level into the TSI world with its 90 kW / 122 PS (at 5,000 rpm). Thanks to its turbocharger, the torque-strong gasoline engine complements the sports car’s character. In the Scirocco, the four cylinder engine develops its maximum torque of 200 Newtonmeter between 1,500 and 4,000 rpm; in addition, 80 percent of its maximum torque is available at just 1,250 rpm.
Technically speaking, gasoline direct injection, charging and reduced engine displacement are among the most efficient methods for significantly reducing fuel consumption while improving vehicle dynamic properties just as distinctly. That is why Volkswagen is taking precisely this approach on its TSI engines: low specific fuel consumption and better efficiency are attained by reducing engine displacement with lower friction and charge exchange losses. Charging is performed – depending on the power class – either by a combination of turbocharger and supercharger or, as on the 122-PS TSI, with
the help of a specially developed turbocharger.
TSI with 118 kW / 160 PS
This is the latest TSI: a four cylinder charged by turbocharger and supercharger that outputs 118 kW / 160 PS (at 5,900 rpm). Interesting here is a look at its specific power. The 1.4 liter engine achieves 84.3 kW, or 114.3 PS, per liter displacement.
Like all TSIs, this engine is also exceptionally economical (average consumption: 6.5 liter super unleaded per 100 kilometers) and torque strong (maximum of 240 Newton-meter at just 1,750 rpm). In this case, the high torque maximum is continuously available up to 4,500 rpm. Similar to the 122-PS TSI, the 160-PS version also already satisfies the future Euro-5 emissions standard.
The Scirocco TSI, with its 118 kW, reaches the 100 km/h mark from a stop after just 8.0 seconds; its top speed is 218 km/h. Optionally, the 160-PS TSI can be combined with the world’s first transverse-mounted 7-speed DSG dual clutch transmission.
Especially interesting from a technical perspective are the complementary modes of operation of the supercharger and turbocharger. The supercharger – mechanically driven by a belt – boosts the TSI’s torque at low engine speeds. In this case, the charger unit is based on the Roots Principle. A special feature of the supercharger that is used is its internal gear ratio, which enables high supercharger power boost at low engine rpms.
At elevated engine speeds the turbocharger (with wastegate control) kicks in. The supercharger and turbocharger operate in series here. The supercharger is actuated by a magnetic clutch integrated in a module within the water pump. A control flap ensures that the fresh air needed for the specific operating point is fed to the turbocharger or supercharger. In pure turbocharger operation the control f lap is open. Then the air travels the conventional route of turbo engines
via the front intercooler and throttle to the exhaust pipe. Starting at an engine speed of 3,500 rpm the supercharger turns all of the work over to the turbocharger.
TSI with 147 kW / 200 PS
At the highest performance level, a powerful 147 kW / 200 PS (5,100 to 6,000 rpm) TSI is used in the Scirocco. On the 2.0 liter engine that is designed even more for maximum dynamics, a larger turbocharger inhales steam furiously. It can be said in general that this TSI also shines with very good torque and fuel economy values. The 280 Newton-meter (from 1,700 to 5,000 rpm) torque-strong four cylinder consumes just 7.7 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers. Nonetheless, it still delivers a top speed of 235 km/h. The strongest Scirocco of all times handles the sprint to 100 km/h in 7.2 seconds. Just as on the Golf GTI with the same engine, on the Scirocco too this engine can be ordered with an innovative 6-speed dual clutch transmission.
TDI with 103 kW / 140 PS
A clean and torque-strong 140-PS TDI (103 kW at 4,200 rpm) will be available on the Scirocco at the time of its market launch in Europe. The highly advanced common rail diesel is especially quiet. It already develops its maximum torque of 320 Newton-meters at a low 1,750 rpm. The Scirocco completes the 0-100 km/h sprint in just 9.3 seconds with this TDI. Its top speed of 207 km/h contrasts with average fuel consumption of just 5.4 liters per 100 kilometers. Like the 1.4 liter TSI, the TDI will already fulfill the Euro-5 emissions standard*. Offered as an option with the TDI is 6-speed DSG. Fuel induction in the TDI is handled by the latest generation common rail system. Up to 1,800 bar injection pressure and special eight-hole injection nozzles produce extremely fine atomization of the diesel fuel.
The latest generation of piezo in-line injectors handles control of the eight-hole injection nozzles. The electrically controllable piezo crystals trigger the injection in just fractions of a second with the support of a hydraulic element. Compared to conventional solenoid valves, piezo technology enables more f lexible injection processes involving smaller and more precisely metered amounts of fuel. The advantage: very quiet and pleasantly gentle engine running, exceptionally spontaneous response behavior and low fuel consumption and emissions values. The crankshaft’s toothed belt drive, which is completely maintenance-free, also has a positive effect on acoustics. In the upcoming year, a TDI with 125 kW / 170 PS that utilizes the same technical basis will follow.
6 and 7-speed DSG dual clutch transmission
The new Scirocco is offered with a 7-speed DSG (160-PS TSI) and a 6-speed DSG (140-PS TDI and 200-PS TSI). Both automatic transmissions are characterized by maximum economy and gear shifting dynamics previously unattainable in this form.
New in the transmission lineup is a 7-speed DSG with two dry clutches; the dual clutch of the 6-speed DSG runs wet in an oil bath. This is true of both transmissions: the most practiced drivers cannot even approach the shifting speed of the DSG versions. Another fact: more than any other automatic, the dual clutch transmissions have the potential to reduce fuel consumption and in turn emissions. Depending on the engine, this savings can amount to up to twelve percent compared to a manual transmission, and compared to an automatic with lock-up torque converter it may even reach twenty percent.
Both DSG variants are specialists in their applications. While the 6-speed DSG, thanks to its torque characteristic, is particularly brilliant when paired with large, torque-strong engines (up to 350 Newton-meter), the 7-speed DSG is especially recommended in tandem with smaller engines (up to 250 Newton-meter).
The Scirocco is characterized by chassis tuning that is true to the “sport chassis” concept in every respect. The engineered suspension modules originate from the practice-proven “Volkswagen toolbox”; this reduces costs and yields an impressively high level of vehicle dynamics. Nonetheless, parts of this system were significantly modified for use on the Scirocco.
The new sports car has a very low center of gravity; one example of the struggle to attain optimal handling properties with every millimeter is in the design of the tailgate hinges: to maintain as low an overall height of the Scirocco as possible – with its standard 17-inch alloy wheels – the tailgate hinges extend up into the roof as small bulges. Without this clever design detail the entire roof line would have had to run higher.
In front, a McPherson suspension delivers precise tracking and balanced comfort properties. In the rear, it is a four-link suspension that takes up the challenge of achieving a balance between sporty and comfortable tuning. As an option, the Scirocco can also be equipped with the newly developed DCC adaptive chassis control. The full-time electronic control of the suspension resolves the conflict in goals between stiff sporty suspension tuning and comfortable tuning.
The basic layout of the Scirocco suspension system has been taken from the recognized agile chassis of the Golf GTI. Compared to the Golf cult car, however, tuning of the springs, dampers and stabilizers were specifically modified for the lower seating positions and the specific weight distribution of the Scirocco.
Among other things, the new sports car exhibits significantly broader tread widths. In front, it is 1,569 millimeters (gain of 35 millimeters compared to the Golf GTI), and in the rear 1,575 millimeters (gain of 59 millimeters compared to the Golf GTI). The rear tread width is the greatest in the entire competitive field.
To increase tread width and reduce unsprung masses, aluminum steering knuckles are used in the rear suspension. At a high agility level the Scirocco’s chassis was also tuned to offer a maximum degree of stability and driving safety. Also incorporated in this concept are the standard 17-inch tires, size 225/45 (205/50 for 122 PS). They support the sports car’s
maximum transverse dynamic capabilities.
Ideally tailored to a sports car like the Scirocco is the newly developed DCC adaptive chassis control. The system adapts suspension damping to the specific roadway and for individual wheels full-time, based on signals from three body sensors and three wheel sensors. Damping can be stiffened in just fractions of a second – in response to accelerator, brake or steering inputs – to optimally fulfill vehicle dynamic requirements.
In less demanding vehicle dynamic situations, this automatic DCC variability delivers significantly enhanced comfort. It resolves the conf lict in goals between stiff sporty tuning and a comfortable configuration. To let drivers modify system behavior according to their wishes, besides the “Normal” program (in which all control functions are fully active) DCC also offers “Sport” and “Comfort” modes.
In the “Sport” program mode, suspension damping is significantly harder; the vehicle has optimal contact to the road. In this mode, the steering boost is also adapted to the wishes of the sport-oriented driver.
This mode is tuned for maximum driving comfort and is especially well suited to poor roadways as well as city traffic and long freeway drives.
DCC system components
Three accelerometers and three wheel displacement sensors continually measure the motion states of the car body and suspensions. The signals from these sensors – together with other CAN data from the steering, engine, transmission and braking systems – are processed by a newly developed control algorithm in a high-performance control module, which sends its commands to the four map-controlled shock absorbers in millisecond cycles. They enable wide variation of damping forces within fractions of a second – in both the “hard” and “soft” directions – thereby achieving optimal system behavior.
Standard and Optional Features
The new Scirocco will be one of the most attractively priced sports cars in the world. And yet its standard features are on par with far more expensive coupés. Like the Eos, Passat CC, Touareg and Phaeton, the Scirocco is being offered in a single equipment line. The only differences are in the area of interior trim and the type of alloy wheels, which are a function of the engine and special options. For example, all Sciroccos at the power levels 122 PS, 140 PS, 160 PS and 170 PS can be ordered with a roof liner in “Pearl gray”. The top version with 200 PS, on the other hand, has a roof liner in “Titanium black”. “Titanium black” is also the roof liner for all engine versions ordered with the “Sport package” or leather seats. In the case of Sciroccos with the “Sport package”, the bezels of the four air outlets in the instrument panel area are also detailed in high-sheen “Black” instead of “Satin finish chrome”.
Always included as features are 17-inch alloy wheels, heightadjustable driver and front passenger seats, leather steering wheel and parking brake handle, split folding rear seatbacks, power windows, semi-automatic climate control (“Climatic”), speed-dependent power steering, ESP, brake assistant, six airbags, daytime running light switch, multifunctional
display and of course a sport chassis.
Volkswagen is fulfilling wishes for further individualization of the Scirocco with an extensive lineup of special options. They include features that further customize the sports car to personal tastes, such as: four different alloy wheels up to 19 inches in size, an extensively equipped “Sport package” as well as bi-xenon headlights with static curve lighting and daytime running lights, panorama vent sunroof, fabric/ Alcantara or leather seats, various radio and navigation systems, a Dynaudio sound system, ACC automatic distance control and DCC adaptive chassis control (both starting in early 2009).
The “Sport package” developed for the Scirocco will likely become a bestseller, since it includes a whole bundle of high-end extras at a low additional price. They include 17-inch “Donington” alloy wheels with size 235/45 R17 tires, tinted glass from the B-pillars back (65 percent light absorbing), fog lamps, titanium black roof liner, high-sheen black air outlets, aluminum look pedals, seat covers in the refined fabric/Alcantara combination as well as steering wheel, gear shift knob, parking brake grip and fabric f loor mats with seams in contrasting color.
Dynaudio Excite sound system
Together with the Scandinavian sound specialist Dynaudio, Volkswagen has customized a sound system of the ultra class to the Scirocco. The total of eight loudspeakers and eight output amplifiers were integrated inconspicuously in the car’s interior. When the installed audio system is turned on, the 300 Watt system reveals what it can do.
The Dynaudio sound system offers pure high-tech audio: the four 168 millimeter bass loudspeakers – made of a magnesium- silicate membrane, a very lightweight 74 millimeter voice coil and internal magnet design in a rigid plastic basket – deliver precise and powerful bass with high pulse fidelity in the doors and in the rear side panels. The 50 millimeter and 60 millimeter tweeters in the door and side trim complement the system with uncommonly clear transparency and detail definition.
The loudspeaker system is fed by a newly developed, digital 300 Watt audio amplifier module; it consists of eight Class AB output amplifiers. The ability of the digital sound processor (DSP) to perform so-called propagation time correction (goal: to have the sound waves of all loudspeakers reach the listener’s ears simultaneously, regardless of seating position in the vehicle) and harmonic equalization guarantee a sound experience on the highest level in the Scirocco.
Panorama vent sunroof
It supplies vast amounts of light to the interior, since the transparent roof extends from the A-pillars to the B-pillars. At the press of the button it opens up to 39 millimeters. When the sunshine is very intense, a sunshade can be driven into place.
Automatic distance control
Already offered on the Phaeton, Touareg, Passat, Passat Variant and Passat CC, the automatic distance control system ACC (Adaptive Cruise Control) will also be offered on the Scirocco over the course of the next year. When ACC is activated the sports car automatically brakes and accelerates within a speed range preset by the driver (up to 210 km/h).
At its market introduction, the Scirocco will be offered with two radio systems and two radio-navigation systems. All of these devices have an MP3-capable CD player, and the top version also offers a 30 GB hard drive. The radio systems carry the designations RCD 210, RCD 310 and RCD 510. The RNS 300 and RNS 510 are the names of their counterparts with an additional navigation module. The top model of the new generation of systems – the RNS 510 – has features that include intuitive touchscreen control and hard drive supported navigation system.
An option that can be ordered on all Scirocco models is the new “MEDIA-IN” multimedia socket. This USB port lets users integrate iPods (with suitable adapter cables) and many other commercially available MP3 players in the installed audio system. The devices are operated via the Scirocco’s radio or radio-navigation system controls.