The Volkswagen Scirocco was a sporty hatchback sold by Volkswagen from 1974 through 1992. Volkswagen began work on the car during the early 1970s as the replacement for the aging Karmann Ghia coupe, and designated it the Type 53 internally. As a cost-saving method, VW choose to use the A1 chassis shared with the Golf and Jetta to underpin the new Scirocco.
Volkswagen’s evaluation code for the Scirocco was EA 398. The Golf was actually planned to be announced as the "Scirocco", the 53 would have been called "Scirocco Coupe". The Scirocco (internally known as theType 53) was announced at the Geneva show in March 1974. The Scirocco filled the spot in Volkswagen’s model lineup vacated by the elegantly styled Karmann Ghia. It was designed by Giugiaro and built by Karmann. In 1975 the Scirocco was unveiled on the North American market. Under the hood there was a 1.1 liter engine (Scirocco, Scirocco L), a or a 1.5 liter powerplant in various configurations (up to 85hp).
Volkswagen unveiled the second generation Scirocco in 1982. It retained much of the character of the earlier Scirocco, but with smoother and more aerodynamic body lines as well as more passenger and luggage capacity.
The 1982 U.S. Scirocco was powered by a 1715cc 74 hp engine from the 1981 Scirocco. 1983 U.S. Sciroccos continued with the 1.7 motor until the introduction of the Wolfsburg edition mid year. The Wolfsburg edition was equipped with high level trim and featured a 1781cc engine with a maximum power of 90hp coupled to a close ratio transmission.
In the second half of 1986 Volkswagen brought to USA the Scirocco 16v. It made the 0 to 60 sprint in a mere 8 seconds, very powerful for the era.
Scirocco sales ended in 1988 in the United States, 1989 in Canada, and 1992 in Germany.
A the 2006 Paris Motor Show, Volkswagen unveiled the Iroc concept, a preview version of the third generation Scirocco.
Because the Scirocco was an automotive superstar of the 70’s, styled by Giorgetto Giugiaro and equipped with four full-fledged seats, a proper trunk, large hatchback and a lot of self-esteem. The Iroc concept takes up this fascinating idea again. Purebred sports car instead of a classic coupe: However, in contrast to the original Scirocco the Iroc is no classic coupe, but a progressively designed sports car with an extremely long roof and a comparatively steep rear end. This has two advantages. Firstly: The Iroc features sharp proportions.
With its short overhangs the Iroc efficiently utilizes a wheelbase of 2,680 mm for the space provided inside. The concept is 1,400 mm high, 4,240 mm long and 1,800 mm wide.
Volkswagen Iroc Concept
The Iroc is powered by a TSI engine, referred to in-house as a Twincharger. Shifting tasks are handled by the DSG direct shift gearbox. About the Twincharger: First employed in the Golf GT in 2006, TSI engines are currently the most efficient four-cylinder gasoline engines in the world. The combination of compressor and turbocharger shows the path to the future.
The compressor compensates for the typical powering up weaknesses of turbo-only gasoline engines at low rpms. The turbocharger in contrast packs a mighty punch at higher revs. The combination of both superchargers in large-volume production engines is the only one of its kind in the world. The TSI version used in the concept achieves 155 kW / 210 hp. In principle, a large range of supercharged engines are conceivable for the Iroc that could start significantly under 110 kW / 150 hp.