2007 Ford S-MAX
The all-new S-MAX is an additional model in the Ford of Europe product portfolio.
It shares many new convenience, dynamic and safety features with its sister car, the new Ford Galaxy.
However, its 5+2 seating, distinctive styling, and the availability of the 220PS Duratec 5-cylinder turbo engine from the Focus ST, signals its sporty character.
The all-new Ford S-MAX is born from an entirely new vehicle architecture driven by Ford Motor Company’s Global Shared Technologies initiative. With this unique approach to product development, Ford has been able to design and engineer two vehicles in S-MAX and Galaxy which, while sharing many of their core technologies, present themselves as individual products with unique appeal, starting with their design.
- All new model for Ford portfolio, sits between Mondeo and Galaxy
- Introduces elements of Ford ’kinetic design’ language, expressing energy in motion
- Stylish, spacious and flexible with sporty design
- Demands to be driven – sporty, athletic lines with Ford’s acclaimed driving quality
- 220PS Duratec 2.5-litre turbo unit tops range of engines
- S-MAX features Ford’s unique FoldFlatSystem (FFS), which keeps all seats on board as well as providing impressive luggage space
- Interior provides 26 thoughtfully designed stowage compartments
- New user friendly technologies include Human Machine Interface (HMI)
- Ford Intelligent Protection System provides latest driver assistance and occupant protection technologies, including a new driver’s knee airbag
- Optional sliding load floor available for five-seat version
- New S-MAX fully developed in-house and exclusively built at Ford’s Genk plant in Belgium
- Available in three distinct series – Core, Trend and Titanium – with an optional X-Pack for Titanium, and Sports Pack for Trend and Titanium
Claudio Messale, Chief Designer for both the new S-MAX and Galaxy explained: “The new S-MAX and Galaxy are the first production Ford models to feature elements of or new ‘kinetic design’ form language. ‘Kinetic design’ expresses energy in motion, and was explored in its purest form by the 2005 Ford iosis Concept.”
With S-MAX, Messale and his team wanted to design a distinctly different vehicle - one that was more of a crossover, combining elements of sports car and multi-activity vehicle, and using ’kinetic design’ cues to stress its sporty personality.
The athletic side profile of the new Ford S-MAX makes this easy to see. The fast roof line arching into the bonnet, the pronounced wheel arches with trailing-edge vents and the distinctive kick-up to the rear of the window glass area all help to indicate that this is a dynamic vehicle.
“Our designers were given a difficult task in terms of design and flexibility requirements for each vehicle" said Messale, "Not only did they deliver two distinct identities for S-MAX and Galaxy, but at the same time, both cars are unmistakably Ford."
Vehicle stance is also a unique identifier for the sporty Ford S-MAX. It is 69mm lower (1,607mm vs. 1,676mm) and more than 50mm shorter in overall length (4,768mm vs. 4,820mm) than its sibling, the new Galaxy.
The face of S-MAX: The front end of the new Ford S-MAX is characterised by its distinctively angled nose and dynamic headlamps which give it a purposeful appearance. Fog lamps are placed inbound and high on the front bumper, giving the vehicle a sporty look.
Ford S-MAX can be specified with Ford’s Adaptive Front Light System (AFLS) as one of two lighting options. AFLS uses cost-effective halogen lights which swivel according to the steering angle – with up to 12 degrees of movement – to provide better visibility around corners on rural roads.
For high-series models, an optional Bi-Xenon Adaptive Front Lighting system is available which includes additional static cornering lights, plus automatic headlamp levelling and washer jets.
A slim upper grille is complemented by a large inverted trapezoid below the number plate area. This is Ford signature, and adds a touch of aggression to the frontal appearance.
To each side of the lower grille area, distinctive "gills" which resemble cooling ducts give the vehicle its unique identity.
Unique Profile: From the side, Ford S-MAX is sleek and purposeful. The large glass area is undercut by a strong beltline which flows from the large, wrap-round tail lamp to the prominent front wheelarch. The lower body line incorporates body-coloured rubbing strips. Behind each of the front wheelarches is a large cooling vent. This combination of ’kinetic design’ elements and strong surfaces makes the S-MAX look like it is moving even when stationary.
Rear styling: Another task for designers was to develop characteristic and individual rear-end designs for both Galaxy and S-MAX, while maintaining a Ford family look. In doing this with S-MAX, the rear design was given more of a surround feel, moving away from traditional square look often found in vehicles of this type.
The wide tailgate affords a low lift height, and features a large rear screen with chamfered bottom edge. The large wrap-round tail lamps follow the bottom edge of the screen and feature clear, louvered upper lenses with red lower lenses.
(Note: Equipment may vary according to individual market specifications)
The new Ford S-MAX will be available in three distinct series – Core, Trend and Titanium. An X-Pack will also be available for the Titanium, while a Sports Pack can be specified for Trend and Titanium models. This comprehensive line-up is designed to fit all customer needs.
While the Core model is the entry-level S-MAX, it will not be poorly specified. Offering all the essentials and including the new Ford FoldFlatSystem and an enhanced Intelligent Protection System, the S-MAX Core model will appeal to price-sensitive customers, perhaps trading up from a traditional sedan or wagon.
The Trend series has been carefully equipped to represent outstanding value for money, and will be the volume seller in the new range. Standard features like the EATC Air Conditioning system and sports seats will set it apart from the competition.
At the top of the range, the Titanium model offers a ’modern-techno’ feel. Such standard features as a ’metal finish’ instrument panel, 17-inch alloy wheels, auto lighting and rain sensing wipers, and powered/heated door mirrors with puddle lights will attract premium buyers.
The Titanium X-Pack represents the ultimate S-MAX, and offers additional premium features like Alcantara trim, a Panorama Roof and Halogen AFLS headlamps.
Customers wanting a more dynamic experience can upgrade their Trend or Titanium S-MAX by adding a Sports Pack. This includes 18” alloy wheels, partial leather seats, and sports suspension.
For a family vehicle especially, safety is paramount. Ford has equipped the S-MAX with an impressive array of active safety features. The solid foundation for these features is the car’s ultra-stiff body structure, which reduces the deformation of the passenger safety cell. S-MAX also features an enhanced version of Ford’s Intelligent Protection System including a new airbag for the driver’s knee area.
New safety systems introduced for S-MAX include Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) with Forward Alert (FA) and Collision Mitigation by Braking. These driver aids are based on radar distance control technology. S_MAX also introduces Interactive Vehicle Dynamics Control (IVDC), Ford’s all-new active suspension system which integrates:
- Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) to improve suspension performance and comfort in all road conditions and interact with the vehicle’s ESP system for better dynamic vehicle behaviour
- Hill-Launch-Assist (HLA), which allows the driver to release the brake pedal and to step on the accelerator pedal without the vehicle rolling backwards
- Ford’s new Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
Note: Full details of new S-MAX and Galaxy safety systems can be found in the Technical Overview Section.
Strong and economical powertrains
New S-MAX comes with a powerful engine with a true sporting character. The 5-cylinder, 2.5-litre Duratec petrol engine, known from the Ford Focus ST, delivers 220 PS (162 kW) and transmits a maximum torque of 320 Nm to the crankshaft.
Ford S-MAX’s acceleration with the Duratec I-5 – 7.9 seconds from zero to 100 kph – is impressive. For smooth and exact gearshifts that match the engine’s character, S-MAX is fitted with Ford’s Durashift MM66 transmission, which offers triple synchromesh for the bottom gears.
The full S-MAX engine line-up:
- 2.5 litre Duratec 220 PS (162 kW)
- 2.0 litre Duratec 145 PS (107 kW)
- 1.8 litre Duratorq TDCi 125 PS (92 kW)
- 2.0 litre Duratorq TDCi 130 PS (96 kW) with cDPF
- 2.0 litre Duratorq TDCi 140 PS (103 kW) with or without cDPF
(Full powertrain and transmission details are described in the Technical Overview section)
When the Ford S-MAX and new Galaxy were conceived it was clear from the beginning both would embody recognisable Ford driving characteristics, yet engineers strived to create clearly differentiated styles of driving dynamics for the two vehicles. The new S-MAX clearly explores the sporty side of Ford’s driving style.
Ford S-MAX’s has a slightly lower centre of gravity than its Galaxy sibling, plus unique damper tuning and spring travel of slightly less than 200mm which offers precision ride and handling designed to reward the enthusiastic driver.
To Ford customers, this hidden driving quality attribute will be presented more overtly as Ford PrecisionDrive.
Ford’s optional new Interactive Vehicle Dynamics Control (IVDC) with Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) provides even better handling, comfort and stability, plus shorter braking distances. The CCD system continuously adjusts the damper properties to the current road and driving conditions and offers the driver a choice of three different settings: Comfort, Normal and Sport.
The system is capable of adjusting the dampers to a firmer setting every tenth of a second, providing responsive and immediate control in dynamic driving situations. It is closely connected to the S-MAX’s ESP system.
Just as the exterior styling reflects the different characters of S-MAX and Galaxy despite them sharing a common architecture, so the interior of the two cars is also distinctly different. A new flexible seating system and a host of other innovative touches give the S-MAX interior its own personality.
Flexibility with all seats on board: Ford FoldFlatSystem (FFS): A new-to-the-segment feature is the Ford FoldFlatSystem (FFS). Second-row seats and the optional third-row seats don’t have to be removed from the car to free up additional luggage space. The seats fold away individually to form a flat floor, giving up to 32 possible seating combinations, all attainable with ease.
In S-MAX, an optional third seat row is available, making it a 5+2 seater. The S-Max’s third seating row has been designed to accommodate passengers with a height of up to 1.8 metres.
Cockpit feel: In S-MAX, the driver enjoys a ’cockpit’ driving position rather than the higher "command bridge" feel of the new Galaxy. This naturally feels more involving, and is complemented by a flow-through console and sports seats. The shallower windscreen, fast A-pillar angle, the sloping roof profile and the higher beltline underline this feeling.
In creating the S-MAX interior, designers had 127mm more length to work with than in the original Galaxy vehicle (4,768mm vs. 4,641mm). An overall width increase of 60mm (1,854mm vs. 1,794mm) is another ingredient in the recipe for a more passenger- and stowage-friendly vehicle.
Designers also provided ample headroom while achieving an 83mm reduction in overall vehicle height (1,607mm vs. 1,692mm) for the sporty silhouette of the new S-MAX.
Shoulder room now is best-in-class with 1,531mm, an increase of 27mm compared with the original Galaxy.
The door opening angle is now 65 degrees, which is 11 degrees more than was possible with the original Galaxy. This, combined with a low step height, allows easier entry and exit for both driver and passengers.
Soft-touch material has been used extensively throughout the cabin to emphasise the feeling of quality and to reduce rattles from items placed in the multitude of storage spaces within the
The quality feel extends to the operation of all controls. The handbrake lever, for example, is shaped like a lever used on a ship’s bridge. Placed in the middle of the centre console, it can be pulled easily for applying the brake and pushed forward for releasing it – and it gives sound-engineered acoustic feedback to confirm its operation. An Electronic Parking Brake (EBP) is also available.
Supportive and comfortable seating: Matching the cockpit feel, Ford S-MAX offers an 8-way power adjustable sport seat for the driver, a feature typically found in luxury or performance cars. It provides separate adjustments for fore/aft, seating height, cushion angle and seat-back recline. There is an extensive amount of seat travel (319mm) to accommodate occupants within a body height range of 97.5 percent, ensuring that almost everyone will find a comfortable seating position.
S-MAX also offers a manual seat with 6-way adjustment and lumbar support, depending on series.
Fore/aft seat adjustment range is improved by 62mm over the original Galaxy, and the height adjustment is increased by 19mm. The steering wheel angle has been adjusted to a more car-like 28 degrees. To achieve the desired steering position, the leather-wrapped wheel can be adjusted for reach by 50mm and for height by 40mm.
The driver environment also features a raised, console-mounted shifter which is 105 mm higher than the original Galaxy.
Roominess and comfort for second-row passengers: For the second row, new S-MAX offers roominess with function and style. Compared with the original Galaxy, S-MAX offers second-row passengers a seating height elevated by 64mm, 60mm more legroom up to a class-leading 1,062mm, and more shoulder room (1,535mm vs. 1,523mm).
Another big advantage for second-row passengers is an overall increase of 50mm in horizontal seat adjustment. In addition, each of the three individual seats can be adjusted independently.
For an even more relaxed posture during long trips, the second-row seats feature a refined recline system with a lower pivot point. When reclining the backrest of the seat, the cushion will adjust by automatically inclining down. This gives a more natural resting position similar to a Business Class aircraft seat.
An optional Panorama Roof gives all occupants a view to the sky, and allows additional daylight into the vehicle interior.
Advanced ventilation and air-conditioning: A more powerful ventilation system has been adopted, which features more and larger ventilation openings. The new ventilation blower system has the capability to provide airflow of 135 litres per minute, an increase of 20 per cent compared with the original Galaxy. Additional B and C pillar ventilation openings not only improve interior comfort, but also increase demisting performance. This ensures quick and clear 360-degree visibility for a safer drive.
Air conditioning is standard equipment on all new S-MAX models, and for maximum interior climate control, dual Electronic Automatic Temperature Control (EATC) is available. The EATC system features separate temperature controls for the driver, the front passenger and the second row passengers.
The interior is allergy tested and all materials used minimise the risk of allergenic reactions and meet strict standards based upon criteria set by an independent testing institute (TÜV). It is anticipated that the new S-MAX will achieve full Allergy Tested certification later in 2006.
Human Machine Interface (HMI): An upgraded instrument cluster plus a new steering wheel including toggle switches for the Ford Human Machine Interface (HMI) take vehicle ergonomics to a new level.
With new S-MAX, Ford has taken a new approach to optimise and simplify the operation of vehicle controls and information management systems. Two sets of sophisticated steering wheel-mounted toggle switches in combination with an easy to read instrument cluster centre display form the basis for Ford’s latest-generation HMI (Human Machine Interface).
HMI is standard on all Ford S-MAX and Galaxy models. It is simple and intuitive to operate. It follows strict, straightforward and logical rules and combines critical areas of ergonomic development to optimize the interaction of the driver with the comfort and entertainment systems.
It also provides the newly developed chime system. This categorizes each warning sound according to their purpose giving the driver greater control over the audio warnings that he receives.
Beyond standard features such as the common trip computer for fuel consumption and speed information, HMI allows the driver to select individual settings. The system enables a controlled dialogue between the driver and various support systems – radio, navigation system, cruise control, and mobile phone. The essential functions are shown in the instrument cluster for quick readability and easy operation. Some functions like clock setting and language selection for the display and cluster can also be operated from the steering wheel.
Outstanding interior versatility: In addition to the Ford FoldFlatSystem (FFS), several tie-down points are located across the floor and up the sides of the vehicle, helping secure items placed in the rear compartment.
When specified as a seven seater and with all seats raised in position, S-MAX offers a luggage volume of 285 litres. Without the third row of seats, S-MAX oofer 854 litres of volume behind the seatbacks of the second row.
Maximum luggage capacity is an impressive 2,000 litres (all rear seats down, loaded to roof). With all rear seats folded flat, the load floor offers a space 2m deep and 1,15m wide – comparable to a comfortable bed.
Sliding load floor for easy cargo loading: In lieu of the third seat row, customers can specify an optional sliding cargo platform on the new S-MAX. This convenience feature allows the loading of shopping goods or travel bags with ease. With the tailgate open, the platform can be pulled out by 48 cm. It then slides back into the vehicle with a drawer-type motion once loading has finished.
The cargo platform is engineered solidly and is even robust enough to sit on for a picnic.
Stowage for life’s necessities: Another key S-MAX ingredient is interior stowage. Research suggested that the typical customer stores around 20 different items in a vehicle, such as CDs, keys, sunglasses or sweets.
New S-MAX provides ample and sensibly-proportioned space with 26 different stowage compartments.
Ford not only wanted to meet basic expectations for stowage. Its target was to provide added functionality and high-quality execution. In total, the S-MAX’s stowage capacity adds up to a possible 90 litres of volume.
For added space, the front door pockets cover the doors’ full length and are able to hold 1.5-litre drinks bottles. The 14-litre glove box can also accommodate a drinks bottle, where it is not only kept firm and rattle-free but will also be kept cool by the air conditioning system’s stream of cold air (available only for left-hand drive vehicles).
Drawers under the driver’s and front passenger’s seats complement the stowage offered by new S-MAX.
Compartments integrated in the floor behind the front seats help customers keep valuables out of sight. Magazines, pocket books and road maps are best stored in the front seatbacks’ rear pockets, while integrated fold-away tables prove useful for second-row passengers.
S-MAX Activity Kit for extra flexibility: An available activity kit has been designed exclusively for the S-MAX by Ford’s Customer Service Division.
This gives customers an excellent tool to cater for more specialised stowage needs. It is a bar system that attaches to the rear of the second row and the flat load floor. Aluminium bars are bolted directly to the seat back. Brackets, which slide in and are then locked in place, can be arranged to accommodate many different items. With the S-MAX Activity Kit, for example, the vehicle user can safely and securely put up to four bicycles in the rear storage area.
Audio and Communications: The Ford S-MAX can be specified with a wide variety of high-quality audio and communications systems, and steering-wheel mounted toggle switches for the HMI system provide full driver control.
Depending on market and on series, stereo radio/cassette or stereo radio/CD players can be selected, including a 6-CD autochanger. Eight high quality speakers are fitted.
An optional multi-media DVD system can also be specified. This includes a DVD player located under the front passenger’s seat, two LCD screens integrated into the rear of the front seat headrests, an infra red remote control and two pairs of infra red headphones.
Either a Bosch Blaupunkt TravelPilot EX radio navigation system or a DVD navigation system can be chosen as optional equipment. The radio navigation system uses a 4-inch monochrome display, while the DVD Navigation system features a full colour 7-inch touchscreen display. Both systems are MP3 compatible.
A Bluetooth hands-free telephone and voice control system is also available, and comes complete with a dealer-fitted telephone cradle, which provides battery charging, plus a neat tri-band antenna fitted to the roof of the vehicle.
A new generation of Sony in-car Hi-Fi components will be available from autumn 2006. All of the new audio equipment will be able to communicate with Ford’s new HMI-system and can be operated via voice control.
- New Galaxy and S-MAX offer performance and driving quality to match the looks
- Two Duratorq TDCi diesel and two Duratec petrol engines with a power range from 100 PS to 220 PS
- Diesel Stage IV emissions as standard with available coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF) systems
- Top-of-the-range S-MAX available with 220PS, 2.5-litre Duratec 5-cylinder engine, as used in the Focus ST
- Transmissions combine driving enjoyment with good fuel economy and low emissions
The new Ford Galaxy and the Ford S-MAX can be specified with a wide variety of powertrains from frugal Duratorq diesels to, in the S-MAX, a performance-biased 220PS 2.5-litre Duratec 5-cylinder petrol engine.
Both vehicles benefit from Ford’s acclaimed driving quality, now defined as Ford PrecisionDrive. While S-MAX provides the inspiring driving dynamics its sporty looks promise, the new Galaxy makes comfort a priority.
The powertrain range for the new Ford Galaxy and the Ford S-MAX is extensive and offers both state-of-the-art turbo-charged common-rail diesel engines and clean and efficient petrol units.
Key advancements in the powertrain story for both models include:
- Latest state-of-the-art clutch
- Dual-mass-flywheel matched systems technology
- Upgraded hi-tech electronic engine management systems used together with electronic throttle for precision torque control throughout every millisecond
- New and highly efficient integrated radiator/intercooler/condenser heat exchanger packages
Diesel engines employ sophisticated high pressure multiple injection techniques to smooth out the combustion process, controlling cylinder pressure rise rates and provide the ultimate in smooth NVH and clean emissions performance
Available for both vehicles, according to market, is Ford’s refined 125-PS, 1.8-litre Duratorq TDCi diesel, available with either Ford’s Durashift 5-speed or 6-speed transmission. A 140-PS 2.0-litre Duratorq TDCi engine is also available for both Galaxy and S-MAX and comes with a Ford Durashift 6-speed transmission. This engine can also be specified with an optional advanced coated DPF (cDPF) system.
In selected European markets, the 2.0-litre Duratorq TDCi is also available in a 130-PS displacement with cDPF as an option.
The petrol engine choice for both models includes Ford’s light and efficient 145-PS 2.0-litre Duratec HE petrol engine, equipped with a Ford Durashift 5-speed transmission.
At the top of the range, the Ford S-MAX will be available uniquely with the smooth and exhilarating 220-PS, 2.5-litre Duratec 5-cylinder petrol engine, which derives from that fitted to the Ford Focus ST performance model.
Duratec Petrol Powertrains
220PS Duratec 5-cylinder: This is available only in the S-MAX, and offers 220 PS (162kW) at 5,000 rpm and an impressive peak torque of 320 Nm from 1,500 all the way through to 4,800 rpm.
Top speed is targeted at 230 kph. Powerful acceleration enables this S-MAX to compete with performance models as it only needs 7.9 seconds to push from zero to 100 kph. To reach 100 kph from 50 in fourth gear takes only 8.6 seconds thanks to the close-ratio gearbox, which complements the sporty performance of the powertrain.
This high-performance, 20-valve, all-aluminium, DOHC design is mated to Ford’s highly successful Durashift M66 6-speed transmission, which features triple synchromesh for the lower gears. It is quick, responsive and operates smoothly for driving enjoyment and economy.
This impressive performance does not come at the cost of economy. In the combined ECE mode, new S-MAX consumes just 9.4 litres of petrol per 100 kilometres.
“The reception we have seen so far to the Duratec 5-cylinder in the Focus ST has encouraged us, and we expect it to be particularly well-received in the S-MAX,” says Jens Ludmann, Chief Programme Engineer. “For a vehicle like S-MAX, which was built with sporty performance in mind, this petrol engine was the perfect choice for the hero model.”
This exciting performance engine contains a wealth of engineering expertise. Attributes of the powertrain that enhance the vehicle include:
Light Metal Alloy Cylinder Block – The 2.5-litre light metal alloy cylinder block is bolted on to a ladder-type, cast-aluminium bedplate to strengthen the main bearing architecture. This provides the six crankshaft bearings with solid support, which is very important because of high operating bearing loads for turbos.
Belt-driven Overhead Camshafts – The camshafts actuate tappets controlling the four-valves per cylinder linked to a dual independent variable valve timing system. The camshafts can be continuously fine-tuned (50 degrees intake, 30 degrees exhaust side) delivering more useable torque and a better driveability over the whole rev range. It also leads to improved fuel consumption and cleaner emissions over the entire load range across all operating conditions.
Engine Management System – The Bosch ME 9.0 electronic management system allows precise control of cam-variation, hydraulic valve operation, turbo boost, electronic throttle position, ignition timing and fuel injection calibration. The end result is a better throttle response, improved engine power development and very smooth and responsive vehicle control under all conditions.
Turbocharger – The compact and lightweight turbocharger is designed to be fully integrated. It is cast in one piece along with the exhaust manifold, resulting in increased thermodynamic efficiency.
Knock Sensors – The engine knock sensors adjust spark timing and cylinder pressure to deliver high-level performance from 95 octane petrol. The use of this premium quality fuel is rewarded by a higher power output of approximately 12 to 15PS. The engine has been calibrated to operate with fuel octane ratings from 91 to 98 RON to optimise engine power output and protect engine durability.
Intercooler – Placed in front of the radiator, the heat exchanger cools the warm air exiting from the turbocharger unit, operating with efficiencies up to 77 per cent, reducing engine air inlet temperatures from 150 degrees Celsius to 35 degrees Celsius.
“Our engineers pulled out all the stops with this engine and it really shows,” said Ludmann. “You name it, from reduced flywheel mass to refined and precision-tuned accelerator throttle response characteristics, all the way to new injectors and new timing calibration and ignition strategies, this engine is truly agile in its performance.”
145PS, 2.0-LITRE DURATEC HE: Ford’s 2.0-litre Duratec HE petrol engine is available in both the Galaxy and the S-MAX and offers 145 PS (107 kW) at 6,000 rpm and peak torque of 190 Nm at 4,500 rpm.
This efficient and affordable petrol engine currently powers Ford Mondeo and now brings its exceptional driveability and performance to the new Ford S-MAX and Galaxy. It is lightweight and compact, offering both good performance feel and high levels of driving quality.
The 2.0-litre Duratec HE engine is an integral part of Ford’s powertrain range, offering an exceptional balance of torque and power combined with a high level of fuel economy. It offers 90 per cent of peak torque in a broad range between 2,000 and 6,000 rpm, while meeting strict European Stage IV emissions standards.
Equipped with this engine, S-MAX reaches a target maximum speed of 197 kph, while the Galaxy reaches a target of 194 kph. Acceleration figures are equally close, with the S-MAX rated from zero to 100 kph in 10.9 seconds and Galaxy in 11.2 seconds.
Fuel consumption for both models is almost identical. In combined ECE mode Galaxy consumes a reasonable 8.2 litres and S-MAX just 8.0 litres per 100 kilometres.
Several features of the engine clearly illustrate why it provides an optimal blend of performance, fuel economy and emissions and is a perfect match for both Ford S-MAX and new Galaxy:
- A fine-tuned metallurgical process of a congruent but inverse amount of wear in the valve gear and between valve and valve seat helps keep the valve clearance fully constant over a full engine life cycle of up to 250,000 kilometres.
- A lightweight nylon intake manifold with equal length inlet tracts to maximise combustion efficiency, fuel economy as well as emission and NVH performance.
- An Exhaust-Gas Recirculation (EGR) system which helps to reduce NOx emissions and improves fuel economy.
- An all-aluminium alloy construction for light weight for improved performance and fuel economy.
The rigidity of the engine block facilitates a stiff mounting of the transmission, which helps tremendously to minimise vibrations induced into the body.
Ford’s proven Durashift MTX-75 5-speed manual transmission provides Ford S-MAX and Galaxy with an effortless and refined shifting character. It features dual-cone synchronisation of the first, second and third gears, another measure contributing to reduced shifting forces.
Duratorq TDCi Diesel Powertrains
All Ford Duratorq common-rail diesel engines fitted to the new Ford S-MAX and Ford Galaxy minimize emissions and conform to the European Stage IV emission standards. The technology deployed to achieve these high levels includes a new combustion system and new fuel injectors.
DURATORQ TDCi 1.8-LITRE DIESEL: The 1.8-litre Duratorq TDCi diesel engine is available in both the Galaxy and the S-MAX and offers 125 PS (92 kW) at 3,700 rpm and peak torque of 320 Nm at 1,800 rpm. Ford’s transient overboost facility boosts that torque to a peak of 340 Nm.
This state-of-the-art engine offers strong engine torque performance combined with low noise levels and excellent fuel economy. 80 per cent of peak torque is available between 1,400 and 3,500 rpm.
The cylinder head and block are made of precision-cast iron. The noise-attenuating and strength properties of a cast iron design help keep the noise considerably low at a level that is regarded as excellent among all comparable modern diesel engines.
Drivers will also have a choice of two proven transmissions as the 1.8-litre TDCi can be mated with either the Durashift MTX75 5-speed manual or the Durashift MMT6 6-speed manual.
Combined with the Durashift MMT6 gearbox, this engine provides S-MAX with a top speed of 190 kph (MTX75: 187 kph), accelerates from zero to 100 kph in 11.4 seconds (MTX75: 11.6) and consumes 6.2 litres of fuel per 100 kilometres in the combined ECE mode (MTX75: 6.2).
When working together in the Galaxy, the 125-PS power plant and the MMT6 transmission are capable of a top speed of 187 kph (MTX75: 184) and an acceleration from zero to 100 kph in a swift 11.8 seconds (MTX75: 11.9). Fuel consumption in the combined ECE mode of 6.3 litres per 100 kilometres is achieved in both engine-transmission combinations.
Also available for Galaxy only is a 100-PS (74 kW) version of the 1.8-litre Duratorq TDCi, boasting maximum torque of 280 Nm at 1,800 rpm. Using the Durashift MTX75 gearbox, this achieves a target maximum speed of 171 kph, acceleration from 0 to 100 kph in 14.3 seconds, and combined fuel consumption of 6.3 litres per 100 kilometres.
Ford has further improved its TDCi engine line-up to meet higher performance standards and Stage IV emission standards. This extends an impressive Duratorq TDCi legacy, building on current applications in Focus and Focus C-MAX, and providing new Ford S-MAX and Ford Galaxy with a balance of robust power and first-rate acoustics.
New refinements to the Duratorq TDCi 1.8-litre engine include a new combustion system and new fuel injectors that feature micro-sac nozzles and piezo actuation which deliver precise measurements of fuel at high pressure. This ensures efficient and effective combustion for increased performance and reduced fuel consumption and emissions.
Power has been increased from 115 to 125 PS, and peak torque from 280 to 320 Nm. A new water jacket design within the cylinder head and a new water pump provide more efficient cooling to meet increased thermal demands.
DURATORQ TDCi 2.0-LITRE DIESEL: The 2.0-litre Ford Duratorq TDCi diesel engine, available in both the Galaxy and the S-MAX, offers 140 PS (103 kW) at 4,000 rpm and peak torque of 320 Nm at 1750 rpm. Under normal driving conditions, Ford’s advanced transient overboost facility allows even stronger pulling power with a peak torque of 340 Nm.
There is also a 130 PS version of this 2.0-litre Duratorq TDCi engine available for selected European markets.
Both engines come with Ford’s Durashift 6-speed manual transmission as standard, and both will be offered for certain markets with the new Ford coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF) system.
With this engine and transmission combination, S-MAX reaches a top speed of 196 kph and Galaxy 193 kph. Galaxy accelerates from zero to 100 kph in 10.5 seconds; new S-MAX in just 10.2 seconds. For a stretch of 100 kilometres, the cars’ combined ECE mode fuel consumption is impressively low with the S-MAX needing just 6.4 litres and Galaxy 6.5 litres.
The 130 PS engine will also be available at a later date with a Durashift AT6 6-speed automatic transmission.
The cylinder head is completely made of aluminium, while the block is made of cast-iron. The strength and noise-attenuating properties of the cast-iron block help to keep the considerable level of noise produced by the four half-litre cylinders under control.
Like the smaller 1.8-litre engine, the 2.0-litre unit uses latest generation common-rail injection technologies to balance and refine the engine’s combustion acoustic characteristics to new, low levels.
Single and twin pilot injections are used, together with split main injections, to smooth out the combustion process for more progressive and more complete combustion. This technology simultaneously optimises emissions and acoustic behaviour.
Up to 1,650 bar of injection pressure is generated, and a dual-mass flywheel helps to balance idle speed – in the interest of best possible fuel economy – at a low 800 rpm without any tendency to rattle or vibrate.
Ford’s engineering efforts to optimise for the best possible fuel economy also include a low-friction valve train with roller cam followers and hydraulic plunger.
This Duratorq TDCi offers a low level of fuel consumption in real-world driving, giving S-MAX and Galaxy a strong and dependable cost of ownership equation. Other engine benefits include:
- Lightweight and low friction offering excellent torque at low engine speeds with low fuel consumption.
- Meeting and surpassing emissions requirements and availability of a coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF) system.
Coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF): Ford’s optional cDPF system traps carbon deposits as they exit from the combustion system, preventing their release into the atmosphere. Under favourable conditions the system then cleans itself with a controlled ’burn-off’ process, thus providing a self-contained clean air system without the need for service maintenance.
This system contains a ceramic filter body of around 4 litres volume mounted behind the exhaust manifold plus a special regeneration support unit on the engine’s intake manifold. Together these components enable the filter system to regenerate in any possible drive condition automatically without requesting any input from the driver and without compromising driveability noticeably during regeneration.
The advantages of the system are:
- Additive systems have an additional additive tank that primes the fuel tank with the additive (a metallic catalyst) at every refuelling. On the Ford cDPF the additive is embedded in the filter washcoat, hence no additional complex priming system is required and no refilling of the tank.
- Long life – a ‘normal’ additive DPF tank needs refilling after approx 60k km, whereas the new Ford cDPF has been developed to last at least 200.000km.
- New Ford Galaxy and Ford S-MAX deliver acclaimed Ford passenger car driving quality
- Ford PrecisionDrive will reinforce appeal of driving quality attributes to customers
- New vehicle architecture features greater stiffness and improved NVH behaviour
- Refined chassis and suspension systems - New Galaxy emphasises comfort; new S-MAX targets sportiness
- New features include Ford’s first Interactive Vehicle Dynamics Control (IVDC) with Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) system
Hill Launch Assist also available as part of IVDC
“A first-class suspension system – that was our strategy when we went to work on the Ford S-MAX and the new Galaxy,” said Andreas Woehler, Vehicle Dynamics Manager. “We looked at every aspect of both vehicles – how we could improve noise isolation, road surface interference and overall comfort – basically any element we thought could enhance the driving experience. We talk about the established Ford Driving Quality DNA, offering precision ride and handling, steering and overall vehicle dynamics. This vehicle embodies blends those into an exciting new design.”
Ford has long been known for producing vehicles with excellent driving dynamics. Both the new Ford S-MAX and Galaxy offer a highly refined chassis and suspension system. S-MAX is more oriented towards a sports feel, while Galaxy emphasises comfort, but also features many dynamic driving characteristics that make it a rewarding driver’s car.
“We clearly defined how S-MAX and Galaxy should be distinct and distinguishable from each other so that customers will know exactly what to expect,” says Woehler.
Galaxy and S-MAX driving quality attributes will be packaged as Ford PrecisionDrive to firmly establish Ford’s leadership credentials in customer minds.
New Interactive Vehicle Dynamics Control (IVDC) with Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD)
Ford has chosen to debut its optional Interactive Vehicle Dynamics Control (IVDC) active suspension system with Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) on the all-new Ford S-MAX and Ford Galaxy models. IVDC also includes Hill Launch Assist (HLA).
Continuously Controlled Damping is an adaptive damper system that controls the pitch and roll of the vehicle by continually monitoring and adjusting the damper rate every two tenths of a second.
Customers can choose their preferred ride quality from three ride settings – Sport, Normal or Comfort. IVDC monitors the road and vehicle behaviour and, depending on conditions, will automatically adjust to Sport mode to prevent body roll and skidding.
It also means that on even road surfaces, new Galaxy and S-MAX progress using low levels of damping force for excellent driving comfort. If, however, the vehicle encounters a pitching road surface, the system immediately stiffens for optimal body control. All this happens automatically, and changes are barely noticed by the driver.
This active suspension system makes particular sense for larger vehicles like Ford S-MAX and Galaxy, where the relation of payload to maximum kerb weight is relatively high. It enhances dynamic stability, particularly under critical driving situations, and avoids excessive ESP system intervention. The system ensures the vehicle avoids excessive body movement and also reacts well to dramatic lateral movements. Additionally, the input of road vibrations to the driver is reduced to provide a more comfortable ride overall.
When IVDC is specified, Hill Launch Assist (HLA) is also provided. This uses the braking system to prevent the car from rolling backwards when starting to drive up a hill.
In summary, IVDC with CCD and HLA enhances comfort and safety through improved levels of handling and stability, and shorter braking distances
The evolution of a Ford tradition: MacPherson at its most refined
Ford has opted for the trusted MacPherson front suspension system for both models, focusing on precision and package.
A design honed by Ford since the 1950s, the MacPherson strut system has been continually improved from generation to generation. The suspension subframe is extremely rigid and wide, sitting in isolating rubber mounts for enhanced ride comfort.
The system also supplies several other benefits to enhance driving dynamics for new Ford S-MAX and Ford Galaxy:
- Isolated Subframes – Used on both front and rear suspension, these body-mounted subframes are critical to NVH performance while enhancing steering and suspension system performance.
- Control Arm Hydro Bushings - The control arm’s soft hydro-bushing and stiff rubber bush are designed in such a way that high lateral stiffness for steering precision and fine-tuned longitudinal compliance for minimal impact harshness is achieved.
S-shaped springs and dual path strut mounts – The springs enable complete lateral force compensation in the dampers despite the minimal package space they require. With this design, ride comfort is clearly enhanced due to the elimination of friction in the suspension system. The inclination of the top mount against the damper axis enhances the ride and handling and supports the side load compensation, thus reducing friction. With the use of dual path strut mounts, spring and damper isolation can be tuned independently, resulting in optimal absorption of road inputs.
Six steps to S-MAX and Galaxy vehicle dynamics
Achieving passenger car-like driving characteristics in larger, spacious vehicles like the new Ford S-MAX and Galaxy required special attention to the suspension and steering system. The major modifications in comparison to the original Galaxy are:
Wider Track - The front track (1,589mm) is 59mm wider than the current Galaxy and the rear track (1,605mm) is 81mm wider.
New front suspension design - When addressing the elementary needs for both new front suspensions of the Ford S-MAX and Galaxy, it was necessary to achieve high lateral and camber stiffness and, at the same time, fine-tuned longitudinal compliance to absorb bumps. Also required were intelligently controlled toe changes in case of lateral and longitudinal forces for predictable handling.
Ford engineers also took a repeated component-by-component approach to lower steering friction and compliance for optimal system performance and best steering and handling control.
The lower control arm uses hydro-bushings at the rear for efficient disturbance rejection, resulting in clearly enhanced rolling comfort. The arm allows the necessary aft movement of the wheels (to absorb bumps) whilst being extremely stiff in a lateral direction (for handling precision).
New rear suspension design – A proven multi-link design has been chosen for the rear suspension of the new Ford Galaxy and Ford S-MAX. It utilises a subframe mounting system featuring rubber bushings. This suspension concept is already familiar in the Ford Focus ’Control Blade’ system. This acclaimed design uses four links to control each wheel precisely.
In Ford S-MAX and Galaxy, the system is optimised for low road noise thanks to the design of the bushes. The design of the linkage ensures that the lateral stiffness of the original system is retained.
Much like the front suspension, several rear suspension targets were set to achieve a highly robust chassis for S-MAX and Galaxy. The targets included high lateral and camber stiffness for precise handling quality, and high longitudinal compliance to absorb road irregularities. Predictable handling was achieved by intensively tuned elasto-kinematic characteristics of the suspension.
Isolated Subframe – Used for mounting the suspension system, the isolated rear subframe is one of several measures aimed at isolating noise and vibration from the vehicle occupants.
Handling character – Producing a fun-to-drive large family vehicle required special attention to the tuning of the suspension and steering systems in order to achieve enhanced stability with a taller vehicle. A wider track and bush attachment base combine to provide resistance to roll movements.
Steering System - The new S-MAX and Galaxy feature a rack-and-pinion steering system with hydraulic power assistance, which provides the best possible steering feedback of all systems. The system was developed for optimal stiffness and reduced friction. With a new variable-displacement pump, the system became more fuel-efficient and less complex – because the system creates less heat, the cooling feature could easily be deleted.
The result is a steering system that is characterised by its ease and precision - a major factor contributing to overall driving quality by helping to reduce fatigue and enhance enjoyment.
Electro-Hydraulic Power Assisted Steering (EHPAS) is available with the 2.0-litre Duratorq TDCi diesel engine and will make both vehicles among the best handling cars available in their market segments. The EHPAS system can easily determine individual driving situations like country road cruising or parking – and it can automatically apply the precise dose of hydraulic support to the steering system. At rising speed, less steering assistance is needed and EHPAS will automatically stiffen the steering for better steering feedback and road contact.
The EHPAS system, which powers the rack-and-pinion steering’s hydraulic pump with an electrical pump motor, considers signals not only from the speed sensors, like traditional hydraulic systems, but also from the steering wheel’s rate of speed.
Engineers tuned the effects on steering feel of tiny changes to the shape and function of the valves inside the variable displacement pump and steering gear. This gives S-MAX and Galaxy their precise and intuitive steering performance at any speed.
New architecture for agility and low NVH
The newly developed vehicle architecture used for both the new Ford S-MAX and Galaxy is a direct result of Ford Motor Company’s Global Shared Technologies initiative. Having started this process with the latest C-segment products sharing technologies between Ford of Europe, Volvo and Mazda, the approach has evolved for a new generation of C/D segment products. New Ford Galaxy and New Ford S-MAX are the first examples.
A key element of this process is the development of higher body torsion rigidity due to optimal geometry. This in itself is the solid foundation for the vehicles’ dynamic characteristics.
Ford engineers used a strongly refined MacPherson type front suspension with wider subframe, similar to the one in Mondeo, for the front suspension, and a control blade controlled independent rear suspension with double A-arm design similar to that of the Focus and Focus C-MAX.
Larger suspension bushings were also placed farther apart, lowering forces on the body and momentum on the unsprung weight. The rear suspension separates mounting bushes from the body panels and uses an isolated subframe to improve road noise isolation.
The overall NVH levels (noise, vibration, harshness) were therefore reduced significantly to some of the lowest levels available today. Reduced sound levels from road noise, wind noise and powertrain noise add to the interior ambience.
Ford engineers took several steps to ensure a relaxed driving atmosphere. Audible road noise, for example, was reduced by applying soundproofing material in the wheelhouses. Also, a major reduction of wind noise was achieved by detailed streamlining of the body design and fine-tuning the door structure.
Both Ford S-MAX and the new Galaxy have spent many thousands of hours in the wind tunnel for aerodynamic improvement to every design detail. Carefully controlling the airflow by letting it stream smoothly is achieved by a flush, almost seamless integration of the windscreen and side windows. Improved seals, the positioning of the wipers and the aerodynamic design of the outside mirrors also greatly contribute to reducing wind noise.
- New Technologies for active driver assistance include:
- Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) with Forward Alert audio and visual collision warning system
- Collision Mitigation by Braking
- An enhanced Electronic Stability Programme (ESP) system
- A new Interactive Vehicle Dynamics Control (IVDC) active suspension system with Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD)
- Enhanced Ford Intelligent Protection System (IPS) includes new driver’s knee air bag and ultra-stiff body structure for a rigid safety cell
- Better driver protection through more legroom and horizontally stroking steering column
- Advanced Neck Injury Protection System for front seats
- High-level child protection with ISOFIX
- Front-end components designed for increased pedestrian protection
Advanced new features for accident prevention include advanced lighting systems and a new high-tech Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
The new Ford Galaxy and Ford S-MAX set new standards in the Ford range for active and passive safety systems and features, and demonstrate Ford’s no-compromise approach to safety.
Safety is the foundation stone for Ford engineers when engineering new models – the goal being to provide fully optimised protection for the vehicle occupants under all conditions. Active safety systems are intended to aid the driver in avoiding a crash, while passive safety systems deploy during an accident for protection and injury mitigation.
In new Galaxy and S-MAX, particular attention has been paid to enhancing Ford’s acclaimed Intelligent Protection System (IPS) and introducing a wide range of new technologies for active driver assistance and occupant protection – many of these appearing for the first time in the segment and on a Ford product.
“Today there are more and more safety components integrated into vehicle packages,” says Wolf-Rüdiger Giebeler, Supervisor Vehicle Safety and CAE (Computer Aided Engineering) for S-MAX and Galaxy. "It is important to realise that it’s not just the number of elements that make up the system; it’s their interaction during a crash that makes the difference. At Ford, we don’t just add componentry for the sake of it. It has to improve the vehicle’s overall safety and crash performance.”
Active Driver Assistance
A number of significant new safety technologies make their debut for Ford in the new Galaxy and S-MAX, and are targeted at providing new levels of control and accident avoidance.
In addition to standard Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) with Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD) and an optional enhanced Electronic Stability Programme (ESP) system, Ford is also introducing a host of technologies that significantly help improve safety.
All-new driver support systems, such as ACC, Collision Mitigation by Braking (CMbB) and a new active suspension system - with continuously controlled damping - will be available on Galaxy and S-MAX from the second half of 2006:
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) with Forward Alert (FA): ACC is an improved cruise control system that helps to maintain a pre-set cruising speed. When the system senses there is a vehicle within a preset distance ahead, ACC decelerates automatically to keep this preset distance, and then accelerates back to cruising speed once the road is clear again.
FA will warn you visually and through a chime if you get too close to the vehicle in front. FA will also prime the brakes to increase the effectiveness of Electronic Brake Assist to reduce the stopping distance.
Ford’s ACC system combines several different elements that will allow the driver to maintain easier control for accident avoidance. Together, ACC and FA form an intelligent combination of cruise control with an adaptive, radar-controlled distance control system.
- Ford’s new ACC system with FA operates as an advanced driver assistance system with the following three stages of operation:
- A clear road without obstacles ahead means no system interference, no warning signals. ACC keeps the vehicle’s speed constant as selected by the driver.
First stage of assistance: The gap to vehicles ahead becomes shorter or obstacles are detected by the radar sensors. ACC releases the throttle to allow speed modulation. Then, the ACC controlled vehicle will be following at a constant time gap (or distance at a specific speed). This includes the acceleration up to the set cruise speed and deceleration up to a maximum level of around +/-3 m/s², which is a very mild, convoy-typical change of speed. Note: The highest possible deceleration as performed in a panic braking manoeuvre is about three times higher at the level of approximately 9.81 m/sec²).
When the radar-detected gap ahead shrinks below a critical distance, the warning signal “Too close to traffic ahead” appears in the instrument panel centre and a warning chime may sound. Additionally, in the background – normally unnoticed by the driver – the brake-system is being pre-tensioned slightly and the servo boost assistance system is being modulated to provide immediate brake performance only if required by the driver. By braking, the driver will find the system pre-tensioned and prepared for best possible brake performance. Ford’s new Hazard Warning Light Assistant will warn following traffic with flickering hazard light function simultaneously.
In developing the three operational steps of the ACC with FA system, Ford engineers wanted to provide advanced driver assistance rather than remove responsibility for vehicle control from the driver. The system is effectively an adaptive cruise control, not an auto-pilot.
ACC with Forward Alert operates within a range of 30-180 kph. The system offers audible and visual warnings in driving situations which may constitute a collision with a vehicle in front.
Even when ACC is not engaged, Collision Mitigation by Braking (CMbB) will be permanently working in the background and intervene with moderate braking only when the occurrence of a collision becomes obvious.
Collision Mitigation by Braking (CMbB): The CMbB system operates once the risk of insufficient safety distance is detected and the brake support begins to engage. This brake system pre-charge enables quicker response when the driver presses the brake pedal.
Another feature which operates permanently is designed to increase the sensitivity of the emergency brake assist. This feature triggers brake assist during full braking. It is important for drivers to recognise that, although CMbB can mitigate the impact of an accident, it cannot avoid a collision.
Forward Alert and CMbB system go into effect just before the driver has to take action to avoid an accident. If the driver shows clear intent to avoid a collision – for example by rapid steering input – brake support is inhibited.
Interactive Vehicle Dynamics Control with Continuously Controlled Damping: This exciting new active suspension technology improves vehicle stability and handling and reduces braking distance.
Hill launch assist (available with ACC with FA or IVDC): This uses the brake system and is engaged when the vehicle is stationary to avoid it from rolling back. When stationary on a hill, the driver can release the brake pedal and move to the accelerator pedal without the vehicle rolling backwards. It is normally automatically activated, but the driver can also select a manual activation mode in the HMI cluster menu.
Hazard Warning Light Assistant: This aids the driver in certain hazardous driving situations, by automatically switching on the hazard warning lights whenever the brake performance is more than 6-7m/s2, which is about 60-70 percent of possible brake performance (9.81 m/s2). Once switched on the hazard warning lights can be switched off at any time by pressing the hazard warning light switch. In addition the Hazard Warning Light Assistant can automatically switch off the hazard warning lights. The Hazard Warning Light Assistant is available with or without IVDC.
Enhanced Intelligent Protection System
New S-MAX and Galaxy owners will benefit from Ford’s commitment to high-level vehicle safety with a host of new features integrated in the Intelligent Protection System (IPS).
The Galaxy and S-MAX IPS system includes the latest state-of-the-art front air bags and a new driver’s knee air bag as well as side-mounted thorax air bags for the front seats plus first-, second- and (for Galaxy) third-row window curtain air bags. Also new is an advanced neck injury protection system. Combined with 3-point seat belts, optimised pre-tensioners and load limiters, anti-submarining seat subframes and a horizontal stroking steering system, these features provide the occupants with a highly comprehensive safety system.
IPS is tailored to deliver active and passive safety protection and security. The IPS concept covers preventative safety, dynamic avoidance, pre-crash collision avoidance, in-crash occupant protection and post-crash rescue.
“Where we have really seen a difference in terms of air bag safety is when it comes to occupant fatalities and side impact collisions,” says Giebeler. “The added upper torso protection that has been added has caused a fairly substantial reduction in side impact accident fatalities compared to each of the last several decades.”
- New driver’s knee air bag: A new driver’s knee air bag provides several benefits to the Galaxy or S-MAX driver.
- Improved occupant movement - The torso movement of the driver is limited in a crash, thus increasing the distance between the chest and steering wheel. This results in a minimising of driver impact once the crash occurs.
- Reduced crash loads - The knee air bag assists in evenly distributing the crash loads over the driver’s body to reduce peak loads as well as injury risks to all body parts. It provides laterally deep air bag cushioning, fast air bag positioning, earlier occupant interaction, and improved load distribution.
- More space – With the addition of the knee air bag, Ford’s designers were able to remove some of the bulk in the driver area freeing up more space in addition to providing additional protection for the driver.
Intelligent and sequential – What makes the driver protection system so effective is that the knee air bag, the front air bag, the pretensioners, and load limiters all release in an intelligently designed sequence so that all safety components work in unison. The driver movement is tuned as both air bags deploy to protect the knee and head areas.
Ultra Stiff Body Structure: The enhanced IPS system also includes an ultra-stiff body structure and rigid safety cell as the structural integrity of the vehicle is extremely important to occupant safety during a crash. Straight barrier-type structures used in the front-end sheet-metal are designed to absorb and transfer high-speed crash energy into the body underfloor and side structure, which reduces the deformation of the passenger safety cell. Due to the stiff outer waistline of the side doors, energy load during an accident is absorbed and stress is reduced in the passenger safety cell as forces go down to the rear axle and underfloor area rather than forcing the protection zone to collapse.
Ford S-MAX and Galaxy have a door-ring enforcement and B-pillar re-enforcement made of ultra-high-strength steel (BORON) to improve crash integrity. The use of ultra-high-strength steel helps to provide a sleek, lightweight design for both vehicles. High-strength steel used in the doors reduces side impact intrusion, as well.
Advanced horizontal stroking steering column: Another critical component for driver protection is the advanced horizontal stroking steering column fitted to new Galaxy and S-MAX. This feature adapts the stroke direction to the occupant’s impact direction thus allowing for more effective energy absorption from the steering column. The amount of intrusion into the cockpit is reduced as the column moves away from the driver under load instead of stroking down axially. This steering column was an industry first when introduced in the latest Ford Focus and illustrates the benefit of Ford Motor Company’s Global Shared Technologies initiative.
In combination with the knee air bag, the horizontally stroking steering column offers a comprehensive safety system for new Ford Galaxy and S-MAX drivers. It offers the driver several benefits in the event of a crash scenario:
- Increased driver survival space – The comfort adjustment is directional, decoupling from the crash stroke. During a high-speed frontal impact, the steering column strokes horizontally and thereby increases the driver’s remaining survival space.
- Advanced energy absorption and stroke length – This leads to improved management of head and chest load levels during impact.
Steering column load limiting function – The steering column also offers a load limiting function for the occupant’s legs in case of an impact of the knee to the steering column.
Safety pedals: Another critical driver interaction in a crash is the response of the foot pedals. In the S-MAX and Galaxy, safety engineers have designed the pedals with a retraction mechanism so that they are passive and give way upon intrusion during a crash. In case of an intrusion, the lightweight pedals will be pressed against the lower cross beam and then will fold away from the driver’s feet. A foam pad and a heel catcher serve a dual purpose: they provide additional protection and a comfortable rest for the driver’s left foot both in left-hand-drive and right-hand-drive versions. Optimised air bag deployment: Much care has been taken to create a state-of-the-art air bag system which offers protection to the occupants in a wide range of impact scenarios. The development of the passenger air bag system posed a particular challenge for Ford engineers because of the nature of the vehicles’ interior design. The passenger front air bag needs to fill both a large area in front of the occupant and the space under a particularly large windscreen. This led engineers to develop a special process for air bag unfolding and positioning. The new deployment method, where the bag unfolds via windshield reflection, combines rapid air bag positioning with a minimised risk for out-of-position occupants. Furthermore, both Galaxy and S-MAX feature a new window curtain airbag that sets new standards for people carriers. This system allows the airbag to be positioned between an intruding obstacle and the occupant’s head and shoulder even if the distance in between has already become very small in the impact. <Safety belt system: The advanced safety belt system fitted to new Galaxy and S-MAX provides several key safety features. As a Ford standard, three-point lap and diagonal safety belts are fitted to all seats.
Front safety belts have pyrotechnic pretensioners and load limiting retractors that tighten to reduce body movement in the event of air bag deployment. The retractors control the force applied to the occupant’s chest upon impact.
The finely tuned interaction of air bags, load limiters, adjustable safety belt anchors, anti-twist belt material, and optimised belt routing all combine to maximise occupant restraint.
“It really is a very simple system when you break it down, and exceedingly effective,” said Giebeler.
Advanced seat design: Both S-MAX and the new Galaxy offer advanced safety seating that doesn’t sacrifice ergonomics, comfort or attractiveness. The safety belt buckles, for instance, are in an ergonomically optimised position, which leads to better belt geometry at hip height and provides a more controlled geometry. The seat belt material offers controlled flexibility and the belt is guided by the plastic valence on the lower part of the seat. Advanced Neck Injury Protection System: Another important area of safety systems improvement for Ford engineers was in the case of rear-impact collisions. With the new Advanced Neck Injury Protection system, the advanced headrest frontal shape and active mechanism lead to a minimal relative movement between head and upper body during low speed rear impacts. Early guidance keeps the head and neck free of impulsive movement, resulting in less neck strain. Three components, therefore, are critical to the success of the system:
- Headrest designed for optimum protection of all occupant sizes, including a headrest locking feature
- An active protection system that minimises relative movement between head and neck by the headrest pushing towards the head during an impact
- Seatback foam which allows controlled guidance of the occupant
Child protection & ISOFIX: Today’s family car customers take the safety of their child passengers very seriously, so Ford engineers have worked hard to make the new Galaxy and S-MAX two of the safest vehicles in which children can travel.
To give customers maximum choice as to where in the vehicle they carry their child passengers, Ford is offering a Passenger Airbag Deactivation key-switch option. Ford dealers perform the installation of the switch, and this benefits both dealer and vehicle owner in terms of greater individual customer communication and information.
Ford also offers ISOFIX anchors for child seats, which improves child protection in a collision. Additionally, Ford offers a range of accessory ISOFIX child seats as part of the company’s co-operation with Britax-Roemer.
Pedestrian Protection: Ford of Europe’s Design team have conceived the new Galaxy and S-MAX body shapes with front end structures that are safer for pedestrians. Four specific tests are now used to assess initial designs for pedestrian safety – lower leg to bumper, upper leg to hood edge, child head to hood, and head to hood top and windscreen.
In addition, In order to minimise the effect of a lower leg impact, a lower leg stiffener is introduced to the lower part of the Galaxy and S-MAX bumper system. The lower leg stiffener is designed to reduce the angle of the knee bend during an impact. A foam layer in front of the bumper steel structure absorbs leg impact energy.
New headlamps are constructed to break away easily, thus minimising the potential effects on the pedestrian’s head in the event of an impact. Bonnets are designed with a complex honeycomb-like structure to allow an improved level of softness. A sloping bonnet line also allows a greater distance between the bonnet surface and the engine block, battery box, washer bottle, and other components which helps to mitigate an impact’s effects. For the windscreen wiper spindles, special brackets have been designed which collapse under moderate loads for further energy absorption in case of a head impact.
Post-crash safety: Ford’s integrated Intelligent Protection System (IPS) also includes several features designed for post-crash safety. The fuel tank filler pipe has been placed higher above the rear axle towards the centre of the vehicle to minimise the risk of it being affected in a collision. Also, a fuel filter shield in the engine compartment is made of high strength steel and protects against any fluid leakage that might occur in the impact area.
In order to make driving safe in all weather conditions Ford offers a series of safety features for S-MAX and the new Galaxy that contribute to accident prevention.
Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) and Run-Flat Tyres: Ford’s new Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) warns the driver when a tyre becomes deflated so that the tyre pressure or problem can be resolved before it becomes a major issue. The system is available with or without optional Run Flat Tyres enabling the driver to continue a journey even with a puncture.
TPMS has been designed to assist the driver in maintaining tyre pressures at their optimal levels. Tyre valve-mounted wheel sensors respond to four body-mounted low frequency antennae, sending tyre pressure and tyre temperature signals to the receiver unit.
Ford’s new monitoring system provides two levels of warning. A soft alarm at 25-per cent deflation uses a chime and a temporary warning signal appearing on the instrument cluster. At 35-per cent deflation, the warning is stronger with a permanent acoustic and visual alarm.
The system also adjusts automatically with the change of tyres, for example from winter to summer specification. It also takes into account any increased pressures for heavy loads. TPMS is mandatory for Run Flat Tyres but can be ordered as an option with normal tyres.
As the traditional storage space for a spare wheel has been utilised to package the third row of seats in Ford Galaxy and for increased loadspace in S-MAX, a puncture repair kit (Conti Comfort Kit) is provided with both vehicles. This consists of repair liquid and an electric tyre pressure compressor.
Advanced Lighting Systems: Auto-Lighting is available on all S-MAX and Galaxy models. Once enabled, it will automatically turn on front and tail lamps when a light sensor detects a decrease in daylight. It will also turn the lights off once there is enough daylight to be driving without lamps. This feature relieves the driver from the task of turning the lights on and off as conditions change.
Auto-Lighting can be specified with either of the two available lighting systems: Advanced Front Light System (AFLS) or Bi-Xenon Headlamps. AFLS features a set of conventional halogen lamps which swivel in twisty corners to provide better illumination of curves. According to the steering angle and the driving speed, they slightly pivot their beams to follow the way the driver intends to go – and are supported at low speed by one static cornering light per side. The safety advantage is clear: pedestrians at the roadside, animals or objects on the road can be seen at an earlier stage when entering the curve or manoeuvring into parking lots.
High intensity discharge or Bi-Xenon headlamps, produce a much brighter light than conventional halogen lamps. They offer twice the light density on the road at one-third of the energy input of conventional lights. For S-MAX and Galaxy, the Bi-Xenon lamps can be specified as part of a Bi-Xenon Adaptive Front Lighting System which includes static bending lights, automatic headlamp levelling and washer jets.
Static bending lights are automatically turned on when the vehicle is travelling below 70 km/h, and the steering turns at a degree of at least 30 degrees. This helps to avoid accidents in times of reduced visibility and especially increases pedestrian safety.
Pricing and Options
- LX 2.0i Duratec 16V (145PS) 5 speed manual 16,995.00
- LX 1.8 Duratorq TDCi (125PS) 5 speed manual 17,795.00
- LX 1.8 Duratorq TDCi (125PS) 6 speed manual 17,995.00
- LX 2.0 Duratorq TDCi (140PS) 6 speed manual 18,495.00
- Zetec 2.0i Duratec 16V (145PS) 5 speed manual 18,495.00
- Zetec 2.5i Duratec 20V (220PS) 6 speed manual 20,495.00
- Zetec 1.8 Duratorq TDCi (125PS) 5 speed manual 19,295.00
- Zetec 1.8 Duratorq TDCi (125PS) 6 speed manual 19,495.00
- Zetec 2.0 Duratorq TDCi (140PS) 6 speed manual 19,995.00
- Titanium 2.0i Duratec 16V (145PS) 5 speed manual 19,995.00
- Titanium 2.5i Duratec 20V (220PS) 6 speed manual 21,995.00
- Titanium 1.8 Duratorq TDCi (125PS) 5 speed manual 20,795.00
- Titanium 1.8 Duratorq TDCi (125PS) 6 speed manual 20,995.00
- Titanium 2.0 Duratorq TDCi (140PS) 6 speed manual 21,495.00
- Metallic paint 340.43
- Privacy glass 127.66
- Adaptive Front Lighting System 297.87
- Rear seat entertainment - DVD 1,276.60
- Cargo compartment net 21.28
- Cargo net - load protection net 106.38
- Luggage compartment activity kit 42.55
- Tonneau cover 63.83
- Heavy duty battery 25.53
- Self-levelling suspension 212.77
- Adaptive Cruise Control 1,148.94
- Adaptive Cruise Control 851.06
- Leather trim 1,276.60
- Alcantara/leather trim 1,276.60
- Partial leather trim with cloth 553.19
- Detachable tow bar 425.53
- Climate front seats 319.15
- Front seats - variable temperature control 212.77
- Panorama roof 510.64
- Fixed tow bar 255.32
- Bi-Xenon headlights with Static Bending Lights 553.19
- Radio/6CD autochanger ilo CD/radio 170.21
- Electronic Stability Programme (ESP) 297.87
- IVDC with Continously Controlled Damping (CCD) 638.30
- Titanium X Pack 2,127.66
- Zetec Pack 425.53
- Electric Parking Brake (EPB) 85.11
- Cruise control a 297.87
- Cruise control 255.32
- Premium telephone pack - Bluetooth hands-free and Voice Control System (hands-free cradle must be fitted by your dealer at extra cost). Does not include mobile phone 255.32
- Advanced telephone pack - Bluetooth hands-free and Voice Control System (system without cradle). Does not include mobile phone 212.77
- Tyre Pressure Monitoring Sensor 212.77
- Passenger airbag deactivation switch 21.28
- 17" alloy wheels with run flat tyres ilo 16" alloy wheels 327.66
- 17" alloy wheels with run flat tyres ilo 17" alloy wheels 72.34
- 18" alloy wheels ilo 16" alloy wheels 808.51
- 18" alloy wheels ilo 17" alloy wheels 553.19
- Solar Reflect windshield b 85.11
- DVD navigation system with external 6CD autochanger 1,489.36
- DVD navigation system with external 6CD autochanger 1,276.60
- CD navigation system with external 6CD autochanger 723.40
- CD navigation system with external 6CD autochanger 510.64
- 8-way powered passenger seat 234.04 40.96 275.00
- Sliding load floor ilo 3rd row seats 0.00