After many years of struggle under De Tomaso ownership, Maserati was sold to Fiat in 1993, which made substantial investments in order to save the brand. Four years later, Fiat sold a 50-percent share in the company to Ferrari, which took full control of the brand in 1999. Under Ferrari, Maserati launched the Coupe in 2001, a model credited for bringing Maserati back into business. Less than two years after the Coupe hit dealerships Maserati created Trofeo Maserati, a one-make championship for racing versions of its production sports cars. Thus the Coupe-based Maserati Trofeo was born.