The 2020 Ferrari Hybrid Hypercar Debuts May 29 - Here Are the Most Important Models That Came Before it
From the hybrid LaFerrari to the insanely expensive 250 GTOby Ciprian Florea, on
Ferrari recently confirmed that it will unveil a brand-new supercar on May 31. But it won’t be any the average supercar or grand tourer (if we can call a Ferrari average, that is). Ferrari will reveal its next range-topping hypercar, the successor to the mighty LaFerrari. Details are still slim, and the teaser doesn’t provide any solid hints, but we do know that this new hypercar will be a hybrid with around 1,000 horsepower at its disposal.
This is big news given that some rumors claimed Ferrari was working on an all-electric hypercar. It seems that Maranello isn’t willing to give up on gasoline power just yet, so it will combine a traditional powerplant with at least one electric motor. Whether the gas engine is a V-12 or a V-8 remains a mystery, but it’s pretty evident that it will pack more power than the LaFerrari. Actually, it will be more potent than any other Ferrari supercar up until now, so let’s have a look at the company’s long list of range-topping supercars.
2020 Ferrari Hybrid Hypercar Teaser
The LaFerrari is the company’s most recent hypercar. Introduced in 2013, it was also the company’s first hybrid. Ferrari mated the 6.3-liter V-12 engine, shared with other vehicles but revised for this supercar, with a KERS unit borrowed from Formula One. The V-12 generates 789 horsepower and 516 pound-feet of torque, while the HY-KERS unit adds another 161 horses and 148 pound-feet in short bursts.
With both systems engaged, the LaFerrari puts 950 horsepower and 664 pound-feet of twist on the ground.
Ferrari claims that it can hit 60 mph from a standing start in 2.4 seconds while topping out at 217 mph. The LaFerrari continues to be the fastest road-legal Ferrari on the Fiorano Test Circuit as of 2019. Production of the LaFerrari ended in 2016 after 499 units built, but the same year Ferrari launched a targa version called the Aperta. The LaFerrari Aperta remained in production until 2018, with 210 examples built in Maranello. In all. Ferrari built 719 LaFerraris, and each was sold for more than $1 million.
In 2015, the LaFerrari spawned the FXX-K, a track-only hypercar with more aggressive aerodynamics and a more powerful hybrid drivetrain, rated at 1,036 horsepower. Only 40 were built from 2015 to 2017.
|Engine:||6.3-liter V-12 + electric KERS system|
|0-60 mph:||2.4 seconds|
|Top speed:||217 mph|
|Curb weight:||3,495 pounds|
Read our full review on the 2014 Ferrari LaFerrari
Long before it offered the LaFerrari, Ferrari had the Enzo at the top of its supercar lineup. Named after company founder Enzo Ferrari, the Enzo was short-lived, as production lasted from 2002 to 2004. Yes, Ferrari needed nine years to develop a successor for this supercar. Designed by Ken Okuyama at Pininfarina, the Enzo featured a 6.0-liter V-12 engine, which was related to the LaFerrari’s, but no KERS system or electrification. It was Ferrari’s final hypercar with naturally aspirated power.
And it wasn’t slow either.
The V-12 mill pumps an impressive 651 horsepower and 458 pound-feet of twist, pushing the Enzo from 0 to 60 mph in 3.1 seconds.
Its top speed has been recorded to be as high as 221 mph, which makes it a tad faster than the LaFerrari. Ferrari built 400 Enzos.
Just like the LaFerrari, the Enzo was used as a base for a more aggressive track-only supercar. It was called the FXX and introduced in 2005 with 789 horsepower. In 2009, Ferrari launched a revised version, called the FXX Evoluzione with 860 horsepower. The one-off Ferrari P4/5 was also based on the Enzo, as was the Maserati MC12.
|0-60 mph:||3.1 seconds|
|Top speed:||221 mph|
|Curb weight:||3,260 pounds|
Read our full review on the 2004 Ferrari Enzo
Although it gets less credit than other Ferrari hypercars, the F50 was just as impressive. Introduced in 1995, it replaced the F40 and made the switch from a twin-turbo V-8 to a naturally aspirated V-12. This specific mill displaces 4.7 liters and cranks out 512 naturally aspirated horses. Torque is rated at 347 pound-feet. The engine was actually a race-bred unit, having been used in the Ferrari 333 SP in for the American IMSA series in 1994. Its exterior design was much more organic than the more angular F40, while the interior was an evolution of the Ferrari Mythos concept car. The F50 needed 3.8 seconds to hit 60 mph, on its way to a top speed of 202 mph. Ferrari built a race version of the F50, called the F50 GT, but the project was eventually cancelled, with only two completed cars sold to customers. Production of the F50 lasted from 1995 to 1997, with 349 units built.
|0-60 mph:||3.8 seconds|
|Top speed:||202 mph|
|Curb weight:||3,080 pounds|
Read our full review on the 1997 Ferrari F50
One of the most iconic Ferraris ever built, the F40 arrived in 1987, and unlike its successors, it had a twin-turbo V-8 engine under the hood. This layout wasn’t exactly new for Ferrari’s range-topping lineup, as the 288 GTO before it had something similar.
The F40 packed a 2.9-liter V-8 behind the seats and a pair of turbos that helped it develop 471 horsepower and 426 pound-feet of torque.
The F40 needed four seconds to hit 60 mph and reached a top speed of 201 mph. The F40 attracted massive attention because it was the last Ferrari approved by Enzo himself. It was the fastest, most powerful, and most expensive car for sale at the time of its introduction, but it was received with mixed reviews. It was criticized for its harsh ride and noisy cabin, while Gordon Murray, the man who designed the McLaren F1, described it as a "big go-kart with a plastic body on it" and dated racing technology. Many outlets tested it against the Porsche 959 and deemed that the German supercar was better overall. The F40 remained in production from 1987 to 1992, with no fewer than 1,311 units produced.
|Engine:||twin-turbo 2.9-liter V-8|
|0-60 mph:||4.0 seconds|
|Top speed:||201 mph|
|Curb weight:||3,018 pounds|
Read our full review on the 1992 Ferrari F40
The spiritual successor to the 250 GTO, Ferrari’s most iconic car yet, the 288 GTO was introduced in 1984 as a homologation special of the 308 GTB. The GTO was designed to compete in the then-new Group B rally racing series, which required a minimum of 200 road-legal cars to be produced for homologation. Although it shared much of its exterior design with the 308 GTB, it came with loads of special features, like body panels made from kevlar and carbon-fiber, new vents for better cooling, and a bespoke engine. The 2.9-liter twin-turbo V-8 was related to the F40’s engine, but it wasn’t quite as powerful. Rated at 395 horsepower and 366 pound-feet of torque, it was powerful enough to push the 288 GTO from 0 to 60 mph in five seconds and to a top speed of 179 mph. Production of this supercar ended in 1987 after 272 units produced. It was immediately followed by the F40, the only time when Ferrari launched two range-topping hypercars without a notable development break between them.
|Engine:||twin-turbo 2.9-liter V-8|
|0-60 mph:||5.0 seconds|
|Top speed:||179 mph|
|Curb weight:||2,557 pounds|
Read our full review on the 1985 Ferrari 288 GTO
The ancestor to all Ferrari hypercars, the 250 GTO is the most iconic and recognizable car built by the Maranello-based company. A race-oriented evolution of the 250 GT SWB, the 250 GTO arrived in 1962. Its primary purpose was to compete in Group 3 GT racing against the Shelby Cobra and the Jaguar E-Type. Unlike its successors, the 250 GTO boasts a mid-engined layout. The long nose and the sloping rear end give it a grand tourer-type stance typical to sports cars from the 1960s.
Although it went on to become a living legend, the 250 GTO wasn't exactly innovative.
Most of its mechanical components were actually sourced from other Ferraris. The chassis came from the 250 GT SWB, and the engine was sourced from the 250 Testa Rossa. However, its aluminum body was designed in the wind tunnel, and its aerodynamics were far superior to other Ferraris, as well as other sports cars from the era. Power came from a naturally aspirated, 3.0-liter V-12 engine that generated 296 horsepower and 217 pound-feet of torque. The sprint to 60 took only 5.4 seconds, an impressive figure for the early 1960s, while its top speed was rated at 174 mph.
Ferrari built 36 units from 1962 to 1964, and all were unique due to the hand-built production process and post-production modifications made at the factory. Some special models had more significant modifications, while some were fitted with different engines. The 250 GTO had a successful racing career as well, winning the over 2.0-liter class of the FIA GT championship from 1962 to 1964. It also won the Tour de France in 1964. Originally sold for around $18,500, the 250 GTO’s market value dropped until the 1970s when it began to rise dramatically. The GTO was valued at more than $500,000 in the 1980s and became a multi-million dollar collectible in the 1990s. The Italian GT broke several auction records in recent years. when no less than five cars were sold for more than $35 million. The most expensive 250 GTO crossed the block in May 2018 for a whopping $70 million.
|0-60 mph:||5.4 seconds|
|Top speed:||174 horsepower|
|Curb weight:||1,940 pounds|
Read our full review on the 1964 Ferrari 250 GTO