2009 Aprilia Tuono 1000 R/Factory
Italy provides some of the most beautiful, high-performing examples of naked extravaganza (at least in what motorcycles are concerned), machines that end up setting the trend in their category and which will undoubtably end up museum pieces once their era is gone (yep, that’s hard to believe for me too).
Two such machines are built by Aprilia, the Tuono 1000 R and the Tuono 1000 R Factory, and are claimed to be leaders of their class as a result of being derived from their superbike siblings, the RSV4 and the RSV4 Factory. While we haven’t yet tested these bikes, we must say that the performance numbers (139hp and 107 Nm) speak for themselves.
Aprilia offers the Tuono 1000 R as a base model and the Factory version is no more than a lighter one as a result of being fitted with Ohlins suspensions and different carbon fiber pieces.
2009 Aprilia Tuono 1000 R/Factory
Engine:V60 Magnesium Evolution. Longitudinal 60° V twin, four stroke
Horsepower @ RPM:139 HP @ 9,500 rpm
Torque @ RPM:107 Nm @ 8,500 rpm
Energy:Integrated electronic engine management system. Indirect multi-point electronic injection. 57 mm diameter throttle bodies
Top Speed:170 mph
TUONO 1000 R
Ever since it first appeared on the motorcycling scene, the Tuono has embodied Aprilia’s genius and amazing technical know-how, accumulated through victory after victory in motorcycle racing. The Tuono has come to mean flair and technology more than any other road-going motorcycle.
The fact is that the Tuono is simply unique. Not just another naked, the Tuono is a 1000 cc superbike. Only the fairing has been removed, and the handlebars raised for maximum control. The Tuono has exceeded all expectations. It has proved unbeatable as a road bike, and the Factory version has been invincible on the racetrack, literally dominating the Italian naked racing scene. Not satisfied with success at home, the Tuono has also carried the Aprilia flag on the international racing scene, achieving prestige in epic races like the Isle of Mann Tourist Trophy, to name just one event in which the Tuono has fearlessly taken on production bikes and competition superbikes too. The Tuono is a street fighter with racing in the blood.
The new Tuono 1000 R is refined, powerful, and precise. It holds all the records for this class of motorcycle, and is the unquestioned leader on the twin cylinder scene. To put it simply, the Tuono 1000 R is the bike that all other nakeds have to beat. It is a machine for the demanding motorcyclist, the rider who seeks maximum performance from a naked, on the road and on the track.
With performance beyond the reach of the competition, the Tuono 1000 R is the best naked money can buy, with all the performance of a racing superbike to thrill even the most sophisticated racetrack riders.
The 139 HP engine not only gives you more power to play with, but makes the bike more usable on the road too. Just like the RSV from which it derives, the Tuono 1000 R embodies the concept of “total ridability” that has always characterized Aprilia’s performance motorcycles.
Manically precise ergonomics combine with amazingly easy control to let you establish a perfect feeling with the bike the moment you ride off, and to help you maximize your own potential with the minimum physical and mental effort.
The improvements that Aprilia’s engineers have made will ensure that the Tuono 1000 R continues to set the pace for high performance nakeds.
Let’s look at some of the main changes.
TUONO 1000 R FACTORY
Once again Aprilia has succeeded in producing an exclusive, refined and unique naked. The latest Tuono 1000 R remains the most sought after of all naked twins, and the perfect synthesis of exclusive components, quality, technology and finish.
Like the RSV, the Tuono has been perfected on the track to satisfy the most demanding and refined motorcyclists. Each individual part has been developed to maximize the performance and riding pleasure of a naked that is already a legend in racing circles.
Engine performance is better than ever. Maximum power is 102 kW (139 HP) at the crank and maximum torque 10.9 kgm at only 8,500 rpm. The Aprilia Tuono 1000 R is therefore among the most powerful of all nakeds.
Here is a bike that really has no rivals. Whatever competition the Tuono has taken part in, it has emerged the uncontested winner and most impressive protagonist. Unrivalled on the naked racing scene, the Tuono has even taken on the fastest superbikes on their home ground – the racetrack – and won.
On the road the Tuono is in a class of its own. On the racetrack it is a proven winner. Hungry for success, the Tuono has been an exceptional flag-bearer for Aprilia’s motorcycle design philosophy even outside its native Italy, and has demonstrated its prowess in epic races like the Isle of Mann TT and the Macao GP. Now the Tuono 1000 R Factory has picked up where the victorious Tuono Racing left off, with even better technical characteristics and performance.
With the arrival of the new Factory version, the most racing naked and the meanest on the road clearly demonstrates its racing spirit. The Tuono 1000 R Factory delivers power that is simply unthinkable for any other twin, with a chassis that is more sophisticated than ever and easily on a par with the best superbikes. The new Tuono 1000 R Factory is a truly professional machine for all those riders who demand the state of the art in technology and the absolute maximum in performance. Expert riders with a taste for the exceptional will know how to appreciate the record-beating performance of this stupendous street-fighter.
A new engine, new suspension, ultra-light wheels and a host of carbon fibre components have boosted performance and reduced weight to a new record for this type of bike. As with the RSV 1000 R Factory, from which it has been derived, the Tuono 1000 R Factory is designed and built for “total ridability”, a concept that has always characterized high performance Aprilia motorcycles.
Thanks to the many improvements introduced, the Tuono 1000 R Factory sets new standards for performance nakeds. The following are the most important of its unique characteristics.
The Tuono 1000 R Factory is a special bike for special riders, people who appreciate exclusive design and build quality and who also know how to derive maximum pleasure and satisfaction from the amazing power and handling of the world’s most competitive naked. When it was first introduced, the Aprilia Tuono 1000 R set new standards for all big nakeds. Now, the Tuono 1000 R Factory has raised the bar even higher, establishing the perfect synthesis between quality, technology, and finish.
The performance of the Tuono 1000 R Factory has been boosted to record levels by adopting the same latest generation engine that powers the RSV 1000 R Factory. Now developing 102 kW (139 HP) at the crank and a maximum torque of nearly 11 kgm at only 8,500 rpm, the Aprilia Tuono R Factory is the uncontested leader of all naked twins.
An even more sophisticated chassis enhances the bike’s exceptional dynamics under all possible conditions and enables you to perform like a true professional not only on the road but on the track too.
TUONO 1000 R
The bike’s styling is unmistakably Aprilia, and unmistakably Tuono. The Tuono 1000 R maintains a close family look with the previous model and the RSV 1000 R from which it derives. The new, aggressive nose fairing, with closely mounted twin headlights, has been developed in wind tunnel testing to provide effective protection for the rider and to kill lift at high speeds, ensuring maximum precision and control.
The Tuono 1000 R has been designed with performance and comfort in mind. All parts are styled for stunning looks and maximum functionality. The two lateral spoilers, for example, not only look great but also serve an important aerodynamic purpose. They help keep the bike stable at high speed and keep the wind off the rider’s legs. It is partly thanks to these spoilers that the Tuono 1000 R provides better aerodynamic protection than any other naked.
The design team has also gone to great lengths to ensure that, unlike other nakeds, the Tuono 1000 R benefits from race-tuned engine breathing. The Tuono 1000 R is the only naked with a dynamic air intake located directly under the nose fairing, and a duct to channel ram air through the frame to the airbox. Yet more proof of the Tuono 1000 R’s uncompromising racing soul!
On the Tuono 1000 R, ergonomics is one of the bike’s strong points. The seating position has been carefully designed to give the rider maximum control over the front end. The handlebar risers are lower and the footrests have been moved further back, so that the riding position is sportier and more effective. Despite this, overall comfort has even improved, so that riding is less tiring.
The sleek tail with its integrated direction indicators is similar to that of the RSV but points upwards to enhance the Tuono 1000 R’s dynamic styling. The bike can also be rapidly transformed from dual seat to single by an official Aprilia kit (optional).
TUONO 1000 R FACTORY
The bike’s styling is like its performance: extreme. The Factory takes the whole Tuono concept to its logical conclusion, even in terms of design. With its aggressive graphics and sporty color schemes, it is simply impossible to mistake the Tuono 1000 R Factory. The most stunning advanced technology is laid bare on a bike that is proud to show exactly what it’s made of. The fork, frame, swingarm and wheels are all rigorously exposed, because on the Tuono 1000 R Factory, fundamental to performance means fundamental to style. The aggressive looking nose fairing with close-mounted twin headlights is a universally recognized feature of the Tuono, so naturally it remains an essential part of the new, mean looking Factory. The nose fairing has been tested in the wind tunnel to provide maximum wind protection for the rider and to generate lift at high speeds, keeping handling light and precise at all times.
The new engine’s record performance would not be possible without super-efficient aspiration. The Tuono’s Air Runner ram air intake plays a major role in ensuring effective engine breathing. The Tuono is the only naked equipped with this exclusive air intake system.
The V60 Magnesium Evolution engine
The latest 1000 cc V 60 Magnesium Evolution engine is derived from that of the RSV 1000 R Factory, with only a few minor changes to improve torque and muscle at low revs. The engine has been thoroughly redesigned to maintain its reputation as the best twin cylinder engine in production. So performance is more amazing than ever, with 100% usable power and, of course, that proverbial Aprilia reliability.
Engine breathing has been improved by new, bigger exhaust valves (enlarged from 31 to 33 mm in diameter) and new, larger diameter exhaust header pipes. Thanks to these improvements, the V60 Magnesium Evolution that drives the Tuono 1000 R puts out more power than ever, 139 HP at 9,500 rpm, while also boosting torque to an impressive 10.9 Kgm at 8,500 rpm, a figure that tells you all you need to know about the muscle that Aprilia’s V twin can deliver even at low revs.
The silencers have catalytic converters installed nearer to the collector pipes. This solution has reduced converter activation time by 50% while further reducing the level of exhaust emissions, keeping them well within the strict limits required for Euro 3 homologation.
Optimized fluid dynamics inside the cylinder heads have been enhanced by improved mapping of the combined ignition and fuel injection systems to achieve higher power throughout the useful rev range.
So let’s have a look at the main characteristics of the new V 60 Magnesium Evolution engine:
The Tuono 1000 R inherits the RSV’s dynamic air intake, locating it just under the headlight cluster, in the centre of the bike where ram air pressure is highest. The Air Runner duct (which also supports the nose fairing and instruments) channels the air to a 10.3 litre airbox, designed to allow the engine to develop its full potential. The Air Runner duct ensures that pressure in the airbox increases with speed, and generates a 3% increase in engine power at maximum speed.
An engine control unit developed in conjunction with Siemens VDO provides integrated engine management. The ECU receives all essential engine parameters in real time from 15 different sensors, processes the data and, again in real time, controls the various actuators that keep the engine functioning perfectly at all times.
The unit’s flash EPROM comes with the mapping for unrestricted racing exhausts ready loaded. Aprilia’s Technical Assistance Service can therefore enable race mapping in next to no time on request.
TUONO 1000 R
Whether you are riding on the road or on the track, the Tuono 1000 R’s chassis brings you the tops in performance and control. Every aspect of the frame, fork and suspensions has been fine tuned for perfect weight distribution. In keeping with Aprilia traditions, the frame is a combination of aluminum-silicon alloy castings and Peraluman 450 pressed parts. This highly sophisticated structure is not only more rigid than the previous version but lighter too. The latest frame weighs under 10 kg (9650 grams) setting an impressive new record for its class. The wheelbase is shorter too, and at 1410 mm – another record for the category – accounts for the Tuono 1000 R’s crisper than even handling and more instinctive ride.
The new double banana swingarm provides a clear passage for the exhaust system and weighs only 4860 grams, well under the 5 kg figure considered by experts to be the reference weight for this component.
TUONO 1000 R FACTORY
In line with Aprilia practice, the frame incorporates aluminum-silicon castings and Peraluman 450 pressings in a super-sophisticated structure that is more rigid yet lighter than ever before. Weighing in at less than 10 kg (9,650 grams to be precise) the frame of the Tuono 1000 R Factory is the lightest on any bike of this type.
The swingarm features a special double member design that provides a clear passage for the new twin silencer exhaust system, and weighs an amazing 4,860 grams, well under the swingarm weight benchmark of 5 kg.
Another factor that contributes to the bike’s unrivalled handling is its minimal unsuspended weight. The Tuono 1000 R Factory is equipped with ultra-light forged aluminium wheels, manufactured by Aprilia specifications. The dramatic weight saving achieved by these fundamental components has minimized inertia and created a bike that is more responsive and precise than ever in establishing trajectories through bends. Lighter wheels also mean less resistance to acceleration and braking, and therefore even better performance.
Superb handling on the track is also ensured by fitting the new Tuono 1000 R Factory with 190/55 rear tires, specially selected to promote maneuverability and responsiveness without penalizing grip. As with all sporting Aprilias, however, the Tuono 1000 R Factory is actually homologated for use with three different tire sizes: 180/55, 190/50 and 190/55.
TUONO 1000 R
The fork is a Showa upside down unit, with 43 mm stanchions for a perfect balance between precision on the racetrack and comfort on the road. And to ensure that the ideal setup can be achieved for all styles and conditions, on the road and on the track alike, the fork is fully adjustable in spring preload and in compression and rebound damping. The Sachs monoshock at the rear is likewise adjustable in spring preload and rebound damping.
TUONO 1000 R FACTORY
Maximum performance on the racetrack does not allow for compromises in suspension. That is why the system fitted to the Tuono 1000 R Factory is state-of-the-art. An Öhlins 43 mm upside down fork guarantees unrivalled action and precision. The unit is obviously fully adjustable in spring preload and compression and rebound damping, to permit all riders to find the most suitable settings for their own level of skill and experience.
The Öhlins monoshock at the rear is also fully adjustable and specially selected for its smoothness and precision action. Like the forks, this unit makes a major contribution to the road and track handling of the Tuono 1000 R Factory.
The braking system has undergone a number of major changes. The new Tuono 1000 R is equipped with Brembo Gold radial calipers featuring two separate sintered pads. The two 320 mm floating steel discs feature a narrower braking band to minimize inertia and weight and are fixed in place by Aprilia’s exclusive six spoke flange.
The rear braking system is Brembo Gold too, with a 220 mm stainless steel disc and a caliper with two 32 mm pistons.
The front and rear brakes both use aeronautical metal braided hoses to eliminate the sponginess inevitably associated with conventional brake hoses and to ensure maximum braking precision.
TUONO 1000 R
What makes the Aprilia Tuono 1000 R stand out from the competition is the tremendous care and attention that Aprilia has paid to every little detail. The design team have done their very best to ensure that every component on the bike improves its performance and functionality, reduces its weight and enhances its quality and finish.
The following components deserve special mention.
TUONO 1000 R FACTORY
The Tuono 1000 R Factory is a special machine in every way, as is every component on it. Made from top quality carbon fiber, aluminum and magnesium, only the best components available have been used to ensure that the bike is not only amazingly powerful, but extremely light and absolutely unique among nakeds.
The following components deserve special mention:
The dashboard’s LED backlighting can also be adjusted to three levels of intensity.
Engine and transmission
Engine: V60 Magnesium Evolution. Longitudinal 60° V twin, four stroke. Liquid cooling with three-way pressurised circuit. Double overhead cams, mixed gear/chain timing drive, four valves per cylinder. Patented AVDC anti-vibration double countershaft. Euro 3.
Fuel: 95 RON unleaded petrol.
Bore x Stroke: 97 x 67,5 mm
Total displacement: 997,62 cc
Compression ratio: 11,8 : 1
Maximum power at the crank: 102 kW (139 HP) at 9,500 rpm.
Maximum torque at the crank: 10.9 kgm (107 Nm) at 8,500 rpm.
Fuel system: Integrated electronic engine management system. Indirect multi-point electronic injection. 57 mm diameter throttle bodies. 10.3 litre airbox with Air Runner ram air intake
Ignition: Digital electronic ignition, integrated with the injection control system. One spark plug per cylinder.
Starting: Electric starter.
Exhaust: Two silencers with three way catalytic converter and lambda probe oxygen sensor (Euro 3).
Generator: 12V – 500 W
Lubrication: Dry sump with separate oil reservoir. Double trochoid pump with oil cooler. Steel oil reservoir
Gear box: 6 speed. Transmission ratios: 1st 34/15 (2.27) 2nd 31/19 (1.63) 3rd 26/20 (1.3) 4th 24/22 (1.091) 5th 24/25 (0.96) 6th 23/26 (0.88)
Clutch: Multiple disc in oil bath with patented PPC power-assisted hydraulic control. Metal braid clutch line. Radial master cylinder with 15 mm piston.
Primary drive: Spur gears. Transmission ratio: 60/31 (1.935:1).
Final drive: Chain Transmission ratio: 40/16 (2.5:1).
Chassis and Dimensions
Frame: Box section sloping twin-spar frame in aluminum alloy.
Front suspension: Showa 43 mm upside-down fork with adjustment for spring preload, compression and rebound damping / Öhlins Racing 43 mm upside-down fork with adjustment for spring preload, compression and rebound damping. 120 mm wheel travel.
Rear suspension: Aluminum alloy double banana swingarm. APS (Aprilia Progressive System) rising rate linkages. Sachs hydraulic monoshock with adjustment for spring preload and rebound damping / Aluminum alloy double member swingarm. APS (Aprilia Progressive System) rising rate linkages. Öhlins Racing piggy-back monoshock with adjustment for spring preload, compression and rebound damping. Wheel travel 133 mm.
Brakes: Front: Brembo double floating disc in stainless steel, Ø 320 mm. Brembo triple bridge caliper with four 34 mm pistons and four sintered pads. Metal braided brake line. Rear: Brembo stainless steel disc, Ø 220 mm. Twin piston caliper, 32 mm diameter pistons, sintered pads. Metal braided brake line.
Wheels: Aluminum alloy. Front: 3.50 x 17" Rear: 6.00 x 17".
Tires: Radial tubeless. Front: 120/70 ZR 17. Rear: 190/50 ZR 17 (alternative: 180/55 ZR 17 and 190/55).
Dimensions: Maximum length: 2,025 mm Maximum width: 830 mm (at handlebars) Maximum height: 1,100 mm (at handlebars) Seat height: 810 mm Handlebar height: 1,020 mm at bar ends Wheelbase: 1,410 mm Trail: 103.7 mm Steering angle: 25°
Dry weight: 185 Kg (without battery) / 181 kg dry
Fuel tank capacity: Capacity 18 liters, 4 liter reserve.