2012 Ducati Superbike 1199 Panigale S
It goes without saying that Ducati is in a class of its own as far as super bikes are concerned; this has been proven time and again.
Does it come as a surprise then that the new Ducati Superbike 1199 Panigale S is about as awesome a super bike as we’ve seen in a while? Not that it means a whole lot considering that we’re dealing with Ducati here, but man, this bike is gorgeous beyond reproach.
Credit the Italian bike maker for that. This bike comes with an assertive design that has been enhanced by full LED headlights and a front carbon fiber mudguard. The sleek, low-lying stance of the 1199 Panigale S also adds to the imposing profile of the bike, as do the Marchesini machine-finished wheels, the electronically-controlled suspension, and the adjustable Ohlins steering damper.
The evolution of the 1199 Panigale S came to be when Ducati wanted to create a bike that was not only powerful, but also lighter than its super bike brethren. So, they set out and fitted the bike with the most powerful twin-cylinder engine on the planet, the Superquadro. The 1.2-liter engine hits at an incredible 195 horsepower at 10,750 RPM with 13.5 kgm of torque at 9,000 rpm. The power from the engine courses through six-speed gearbox shafts.
Suffice to say, the Ducati Superbike 1199 Panigale S is, without question, a cut above the rest of its peers.
Find out more about the Ducati Superbike 1199 Panigale S Tricolore after the jump.
2012 Ducati Superbike 1199 Panigale S
Engine:L-twin cylinder, 4 valve per cylinder, Desmodromic, liquid cooled
Horsepower @ RPM:195 @ 10750
Torque @ RPM:98 @ 9000
Assertive design enhanced by full LED headlights, front carbon fibre mudguard. Marchesini machine-finished wheels, electronicallycontrolled suspensionand adjustable Ohlins steering damper. With this race set-up. the 1199 Panigale S is immediately ready to hit the track and take on the stopwatch.
Extreme Standart of Reference
"The 1199 Panigale sets a new and extreme standard of reference in the world of superport bikes. The project that brought the 1199 Panigale into being based itself on two seemingly impossible objectives, which have been brilliantly achieved: a 10 kg reduction in weight and a 25 HP increase in power. Its arrival is a milestone in the glorious history of the Ducati Superbike."
"The beauty of speed translated into design. The pure racing spirit is instantly channelled into the rider just by gripping the 1199 Panigale’s handlebar. The front headlamp disappears into the air scoops to give a look of no holds-barred competition. While the 1199 Panigale features LEDs for position lights and lamps for the headlights, the S versions and S Tricolore have full LED lighting, a totally new concept for motorcycles. The elegant forms of the saddle and the tail are heightened by the position of the exhaust and by the full LED tail light. Perspectives and lines are designed to attain aesthetic perfection; every one of its components is a true achievement in the integration of engineering and design. Breathtaking, trademark Ducati design.
The 1199 Panigale is a bike that conveys power, elegance and agility. "
The Superquadro is the most powerful twin-cylinder engine on the planet, and as evidence of the Ducati 1199 Panigale’s flawless performance, it has been given the task of equipping the new bike. In the innovative Superquadro engine, the power has been increased up to 195 HP@10,750 rpm, an absolute reference for a series-produced twin-cylinder, while torque has been increased to 13.5 kgm@9,000 rpm. And thanks to the Riding Mode options, the rider is able to modulate power delivery based on riding style and road conditions.
The clutch covers, the cylinder head covers and the oil pan are all produced in a magnesium alloy casting to ensure the lowest weight of the engine while guaranteeing the desired mechanical strength.
The journals of the main bearings are lubricated by pressurised oil admitted through ducts inside the engine block. This serves to assure the efficient lubrication of the new crankshaft, followed by a rapid recovery of the oil thanks to a new Ducati component, a lobe pump that places the connecting rod compartment under vacuum, similar to the engines used for the MotoGP races. The pump is driven by gears built in a special high-strength techno-polymer and maintains the crankcase area below the pistons in controlled conditions of constant vacuum, thereby reducing the resistance during the downward travel and assuring an efficient recovery of lubricating oil in any condition of engine use.
At the extremity of the exhaust camshaft of each cylinder head is a centrifugal decompressor. On start-up, the device allows the profile of the cam opening lobe to be modified, resulting in a slight lift of the valve that discharges part of the mix contained in the combustion chamber during the engine’s compression phase. This effect makes it possible to reduce the resistance to the motion of the piston in the compression phase. Once the engine is started, the increase in rpms and the relative centrifugal force modify the configuration of the device, cancelling the effect of the valve lift and bringing the engine back to normal operating conditions. This ingenious device facilitates the starting of the Superquadro engine without having to use a more powerful battery and a large starting motor, in turn making it possible to reduce the overall weight of the vehicle by 3.3 kg. The system further underlines the synergistic strength achieved by engineers and designers in the intense effort to reduce the bike’s weight.
Extreme Bore / Stroke Ratio
The new bore/stroke ratio of 1.84:1 (112 mm bore/60.8 mm stroke) has superbly increased the revolutions thanks to the ultra-short stroke of the crankshaft, while the larger surface of the piston has led to an increase in valve diameter. Compared to the 1198 Testastretta Evoluzione engine, the intake valves have gone from 43.5 to 46.8 mm and exhaust valves from 34.5 to 38.2 mm.
"The engine has been designed as the structural element of the frame. As such, its architecture has been completely reviewed to ensure the best design in terms of structure, weight distribution and robustness.
The cylinders, at a 90° angle of each other, have been rolled back an additional 6° on the crankcase to produce a 21° angle between the front cylinder and the horizontal plane. This has allowed the engine to go forward by 32 mm, as a result improving the distribution of weights between the front and rear end and achieving the perfect position of the fastening points of the cylinder heads into the monocoque chassis of the 1199 Panigale."
After achieving the goal of improving engine "breathing", the Superquadro engineers turned their attention to the next challenge: to attain an engine calibration that optimally combines the high-performance delivery with regular operation achieved by reducing the cyclic dispersion of combustion. To obtain this, Ducati introduced a system of secondary air that completes oxidisation of the unburnt hydrocarbons, effectively reducing the levels of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide (CO). The system is controlled by an electronic valve commanded by the engine control unit and is activated according to the specific condition of engine operation. This valve makes it possible to let in the exhaust pipe of each cylinder head (in a position slightly downstream of the exhaust valve) a flow of clean air originating directly from the airbox. A second reed valve located in the engine head makes this flow unidirectional. The controlled inlet of oxygen makes it possible to complete the combustion of outgoing hot gases, eliminating eventual fractions of unburnt fuel which in certain conditions can reach the exhaust.
Full Ride by Wire
"The opening and closing of the fuel feed throttles on the Superquadro are controlled by the electronic device Ride by Wire. The absence of a mechanical connection between the twistgrip and the throttle bodies allows the engine ECU to regulate the power delivery by acting upon the throttle’s opening angle; the Ride by Wire makes it possible to have different power and delivery based on the selected Riding Mode (Power Modes), and also to punctually manage the engine brake (EBC), as well as aiding to control the slipping of the rear wheel (DTC)."
"The increased amount of air and fuel the engine can mix due to the larger diameter of intake valves is guaranteed by the new oval-sectioned throttle bodies, which compared to a 63.9 equivalent diameter as on the 1198 Testastretta Evoluzione has been increased to an incredible 67.5 mm. The throttle bodies are controlled by a full Ride-by-Wire system, each separate from the other and are fitted with 2 injectors each: the first is set below the throttle and feeds the engine in conditions of low load use, whereas the second is fitted above the throttle, is activated when the engine is given the command to unleash its maximum performance."
The crankcases, produced through a vacuum casting technology called Vacural®, ensure a maximum reduction in weight, a uniform wall thickness and superior mechanical strength, and are designed in such a way to incorporate the water jacket around the cylinder barrels. The Superquadro engine is fitted with aluminum wet barrels coated in Nicasil inserted into the holes of the engine block’s housing during the initial stages of assembly. This design allows the head to be fastened directly onto the crankcase, combining the needs for rigidity of the engine’s structure with a significant advantage in terms of compactness. Due to their thin walls, the barrels also achieve an effective thermal exchange with the coolant running along the walls. In addition to the barrels, the crankcase stands out for the use of main bearing shells, previously utilised only in the Ducati Desmosedici RR engine. The elimination of the ball bearings has made it possible to increase the diameter of the journals for the main bearings of the crankshaft, allowing an increase in the section of the engine block in the area surrounding the main bearing journals so as to maximise the rigidity and the mechanical strength and adapt it to the extreme power of the Superquadro.
The need to control the enlarged valves with the extremely precise Desmodromic system prompted engineers to replace the original belt transmission, mounted on the first Ducati Pantah in 1979, with a configuration mixing both chain and gears. As a result, the chain timing allows an efficient transmission of the motion between crankshaft and camshaft transmission and thanks to the automatic tensioning adjustment, ensures constant reliability and a reduction in routine maintenance costs.
"Ducati engineers took their design freedom to the limit by increasing the distance between centres of the six-speed gearbox shafts and allowing the use of wheels with an increased diameter and superior strength for the transmission of power delivered. The oil bath clutch is a new feature for a Ducati Superbike at the top of the range. The design of the clutch, very similar to the Multistrada and Diavel models, provides for a progressive system which allows the load to be increased on plates without penalising the effort required required by the rider to pull the lever and disengage the clutch. This optimally satisfies both the need of high torque transmission and an optimum comfort for the rider. In sport riding conditions with abrupt shifting down and heavy exhaust braking, the same mechanism reduces the pressure on clutch plates, allowing them to slip as in a racing system, contrasting with the loss of stability of the rear end during aggressive shifting down and offering the supplementary advantage of an excellent modulability during hard braking into corners."
"The 1199 Panigale’s chassis marks an enormous innovation: different components have been integrated to give shape to a single compact and lightweight element that enhances the rider’s posture to perfect the riding position. The monocoque structure in cast aluminium for increased strength uses the Superquadro engine as a structural element and aids in reducing the bike’s total weight by 5 kg. The monocoque frame is fixed directly to the cylinder head, and at front are two aluminium bushings inserted with the steering tube bearings. In addition to performing the traditional function of frame, the monocoque also acts as an air-box and significantly contributes to lowering the overall weight of the motorcycle. Housed inside, besides the air filter, are the throttle bodies and fuel circuit complete with injectors, and the bottom of the aluminium tank (lighter by 1.9% compared to the 1198) is used as a cover for the airbox."
"The layout of the exhaust manifolds is 2 into 1 into 2 with twin tailpipe under the sump. The design of the exhaust assembly is a work of highly refined engineering: the ends have a complex exterior shape due to the size restrictions necessitated by the "deep sump" of the engine (on the interior) and the leaning angle (on the exterior). The primary manifolds have a Ø 55 mm diameter, the central manifolds a Ø 57mm; they are built in stainless steel and have a thickness of 0.8 mm, with only the two short exits from the cylinder heads having a larger thickness (1.0 mm) to better resist vibrations. Even the silencers are in stainless steel with exception of the outer sleeve (or outer jackets) in aluminium alloy with a 2 mm thickness (result of a process of pre-deep drawing, rolling and longitudinal welding). The reflection silencers have three chambers; in this application the chamber layout is especially complex with respect to the traditional design (used for the 1198) because the exhaust gas enters from the rear (with respect to the direction of travel) inside the silencer and exits again from the outside rear. From a construction perspective, this also implied a complex design, and at several stations of deep-drawing of the aesthetic rear endcap, the catalytic converters are positioned at the inlet of the silencers and have dimensions of Ø 80mm x 74.5 mm."
New ergonomic guidelines assure a perfect integration between rider and the motorcycle. The saddle-handlebar height has been lowered by 30 mm and the handlebar has been raised by 10 mm and broadened by 32 mm.
"On all models of the 1199 Panigale, the fork legs are set at an increased distance between centres, typical of racing bikes in the Superbike World Championship. Thanks to this detail, even the brake discs have a greater width when mounted to allow optimal cooling in any condition of use. The 1199 Panigale S and the Tricolore mount 43 mm Öhlins NIX30 forks at front and Öhlins TTX36 suspensions at rear, both fitted with the DES system (Ducati Electronic Suspension). They are electronically adjustable in compression and rebound, whereas preload adjustment is manual. The rear suspension of the 1199 Panigale provides for a lateral assembly to allow easy access to perform adjustments. The system has also been designed to enable linkage adjustment, which leads to two possible configurations of the rear suspension: "progressive" for road use with a passenger, and "flat" for use on the track."
"The 1199 Panigale features a distribution of weights equivalent to 52% at the front and 48% at the rear without the rider. The ratio then becomes an optimal 50:50 when the rider is on the seat to guarantee absolute stability and handling. To achieve this optimal configuration, solutions were implemented to allow a concentration of the weights at the front: the engine has come forward 32 mm compared to the 1198, the exhaust system is placed under the engine, the rider’s position is advanced by 30 mm. Added to all this is the new single-sided swingarm in 100% cast aluminium secured directly to the rear of the engine, longer than the 1198 by 39 mm."
"The 1199 Panigale S and 1199 Panigale S Tricolore flaunt elegant 3-spoke rims, forged and machined, produced by Marchesini. Finished in black and super lightweight, their weight has been reduced by 0.4 kg with respect to the previous versions."
Anti-Lock Blocking System (ABS) 9ME
The ABS 9ME equipping the 1199 Panigale and 1199 Panigale S as an option and fitted as a standard on the Tricolore, is a latest-generation system with two channels that performs combined braking with control of the lifting of the rear wheel to guarantee not only shorter braking distances, but also the greatest stability during braking. Specifically intended for a sport use, the ABS 9ME, offers three levels of operation, each associated with a Riding Mode; in the RACE mode, the system works only on front discs to guarantee top performance during track use.
Ducati Traction Control (DTC)
"The Ducati Traction Control (DTC) monitors control of the slipping of the rear tyre and operates on the basis of eight different levels of interaction, each of which has been programmed to respond to a different tolerance to rear slipping. Each Riding Mode is assigned a pre-set level of activation.
Level 8 indicates an activation of the system at the detection of the slightest slipping, while Level 1, reserved for very expert riders, has a higher tolerance and thus a less invasive intervention of the system."
The 1199 Panigale S and Tricolore have all LED lighting, an absolute innovation in the world motorcycling. The total racing look of this new Superbike also comes through in the full LED twin headlamp at front designed to be an integral part of the front air scoops. The double LED lights at rear harmoniously wrap around the air vents in the seat-tail assembly and, when turned on, create an alluring effect of signalling lights enhanced by stop lights. LED has also been used for the front and rear turn indicators and the number plate light.
Ducati Quick Shift
The Ducati Quick Shift (DQS) is the electronic system that manages the gearbox and is used in competitions. It allows the gear to be engaged on acceleration without the use of the clutch and while maintaining the throttle open. The feature enables the rider to gain precious fractions of seconds, helping to considerably reduce lap times.
"As an exclusive, all 1199 Panigale motorcycles sport new Pirelli Diablo Supercorsa SP tyres, the road version of the tyre used in the Superstock 1000 World Championship: 120/70 ZR17 at front and 200/55 x ZR17 at rear, the widest ever mounted on a Ducati Superbike designed for the road. Designed to maintain precise trajectories on straight stretches and around curves, the rear 200/55 x ZR17 tyre maximises the area of contact and the leaning speed by combining the 200 mm width with a higher profile. The tyres have structures and compounds deriving directly from the Pirelli experience in the Superbike World Championship, and feature casings specially studied to guarantee rigidity in extreme braking and shoulders that maximise the area of contact. In addition, the double compound obtained by using new polymers facilitates the rapid heating of the tyres and assures a constant grip."
Full TFT Instrument Panel
"The instrument panel on the 1199 Panigale takes the revolutionary TFT panel designed for the Diavel to another, even superior, level by applying the most highly advanced technology in the field of data visualisation. The colour display’s configuration is variable and automatically adapts to the variations in environmental light and to the selected Riding Mode. In the "Road" and "Wet" Riding Modes, speed takes centre stage and is displayed in large numbers in the middle of the display, whereas the two boxes containing "supplementary information" underneath provide data on total mileage and engine coolant temperature. In the "Race" Riding Mode, the display layout is automatically reconfigured, shifting the display of the vehicle’s speed in the lower information box at left and making room for the last lap time, centrally displayed in large numbers."
"The Power Modes are the different mappings of the engine that can be selected by the rider to adapt the level of power and its delivery to riding style and condition of the trajectory. Three power modes have been set for the 1199 Panigale, each matched to a Riding Mode:
120 HP with ""soft"" power delivery
195 HP with ""soft"" power delivery
195 HP with ""instant"" power delivery"
"As an exclusive feature, the1199 Panigale is equipped with the brand new M50 Monoblock callipers. Sporting an extremely compact design that has led to a weight reduction of 7% with respect to the previous system and machined out of a single alloy block, the M50 callipers offer higher rigidity and deformation resistance during the hardest braking."
"The Riding Modes are programmed to instantly vary the engine’s Power Mode and suspension setup, in addition to the ABS, DTC and EBC levels. The available modes, Race, Sport and Wet, are the result of the combination of highly advanced dedicated technologies. The rider atop the 1199 Panigale can choose among three different pre-set configurations (Riding Modes) that best adapt to the riding style or conditions of the trajectory. The Riding Modes make it possible to instantly modify the power delivered by the engine (Power Mode), the activation levels of the ABS (when present), DTC, DQS and EBC, the graphics on the instrument panel and, on the "S" version, the suspensions setup (DES).
The available configurations for the 1199 Panigale include Race, Sport and Wet, with the rider left to customise the pre-configured settings of each Riding Mode as he pleases."
Engine Break Control
The exhaust braking control system (EBC) works in combination with the slipper clutch to prevent and manage any blockage of the rear wheel when aggressively shifting down. If the system detects any slipping of the wheel, it sends a signal to the control device of the engine, which then slightly increases the rpms until the rear wheel resumes a speed conforming to that of the vehicle.
The new Superquadro 195 HP engine is exquisitely incorporated into the monocoque chassis. Engineering solutions marked by an innovation in details have been implemented to take the dry weight down to an incredible 164 kg. Ducati styling inside and out is further enhanced by the most exclusive components. Cutting-edge electronics unleash power and refine riding precision, and with a power-to-weight ratio of 1.19 HP/kg, there’s nothing like it in the world. 1199 Panigale: 5 moves to become the new and extreme standard of reference in sport bikes.
Aggressive design enhanced by full LED headlamps, front mudguard in carbon fibre, machined Marchesini rims, electronic control suspensions and adjustable Öhlins steering damper. With this racing outfit, the 1199 Panigale S is ready to enter the track and win the race against the clock.
|ENGINE TYPE||Superquadro: L-twin cylinder, 4 valve per cylinder, Desmodromic, liquid cooled|
|BORE X STROKE||112x60.8mm|
|POWER||195hp (143kW) @ 10750rpm|
|TORQUE||98.1lb-ft 132Nm @ 9000rpm|
|FUEL INJECTION||"Mitsubishi electronic fuel injection system. Twin injectors per cylinder. Full ride-by-wire elliptical throttle bodies."|
|EXHAUST||2-1-2 system with catalytic converter and 2 lambda probes. Twin stainless steel mufflers with alumimum outer sleeves|
|FRONT SUSPENSION||"Öhlins NIX30 43mm with TiN, fully adjustable usd fork. Electronic compression and rebound damping adjustment"|
|FRONT WHEEL TRAVEL||120mm (4.72in)|
|FRONT WHEEL||3-spoke forged light alloy 3.50" x 17"|
|FRONT TYRE||120/70 ZR17 Pirelli Diablo Supercorsa SP|
|REAR SUSPENSION||"Fully adjustable Ohlins TTX36 unit. Electronic compression and rebound damping adjustment. Adjustable linkage: Progressive/flat. Aluminum single-sided swingarm."|
|REAR WHEEL TRAVEL||130mm (5.12in)|
|REAR WHEEL||3 spoke forged light alloy 6.00" x 17"|
|REAR TYRE||200/55 ZR17 Pirelli Diablo Supercorsa SP|
|FRONT BRAKE||"2 x 330mm semi-floating discs, radially mounted Brembo Monobloc M50 4-piston callipers ABS optional +2.5kg (+5.5lb)"|
|REAR BRAKE||245mm disc, 2-piston calliper|
|FUEL TANK CAPACITY||17l - 4.5 gallon (US)|
|WET WEIGHT||188kg (414.5lb)|
|DRY WEIGHT||164kg (361.5lb)|
|WARRANTY||2 years unlimited mileage|
|BODY COLOUR||(FRAME/WHEEL) Red|
|SEAT HEIGHT||825mm (32.48in)|
|RATIO||1=37/15 2=30/16 3=27/18 4=25/20 5=24/22 6=23/24|
|PRIMARY DRIVE||Straight cut gears, Ratio 1.77:1|
|FINAL DRIVE||Chain 525; Front sprocket 15; Rear sprocket 39|
|CLUTCH||Slipper and self-servo wet multiplate clutch with hydraulic control|
|EMISSIONs STANDARD||Euro 3 (Europe) - USA: follows the US Federal Regulation|
|DDA||DDA system-ready for Ducati Performance accessory|
bikeglam----"The monocoque attaches to the chamber heads of the new specially premeditated engine, protruding assuming to refuge the management coil bearings and forming the airbox along the way, which is capped-off and corked when the 1.9kg (4.2lb) light metal gas vessel is engaged, again using one constituent to the fulfill the roles of two."
asphaltandrubber----"Especially intriguing is the Ducati Electronic Suspension (DES) by Öhlins and the new DDA+ data acquisition software. Having played with the DES on the Multistrada 1200, the package is really more of a convenience than something earth-shattering, and merely makes adjustments from preset settings easier and wrench/screwdriver free."